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2013 California Standards for Accessible Design Pocket Guide

CHAPTER 11 ACCESSIBILITY TO PUBLIC BUILDINGS, PUBLIC ACCOMMODATIONS, COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS AND PUBLIC HOUSING

This chapter contains scoping and technical requirements for accessibility to sites, facilities, buildings, and elements by individuals with disabilities. The requirements are to be applied during the design, construction, additions to, and alteration of sites, facilities, buildings, and elements to the extent required by Chapter 1, Section 1.9.

[2010 ADAS101.1 General.  This document contains scoping and technical requirements for accessibility to sites, facilities, buildings, and elements by individuals with disabilities. The requirements are to be applied during the design, construction, additions to, and alteration of sites, facilities, buildings, and elements to the extent required by regulations issued by Federal agencies under the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA).

[ADA Title II§35.151(a) New construction and alterations;  Design and construction.

(1)     Each facility or part of a facility constructed by, on behalf of, or for the use of a public entity shall be designed and constructed in such manner that the facility or part of the facility is readily accessible to and usable by individuals with disabilities, if the construction was commenced after January 26, 1992.

[ADA Title III§36.401(a) New construction;  General.

(1)     Except as provided in paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section, discrimination for purposes of this part includes a failure to design and construct facilities for first occupancy after January 26, 1993, that are readily accessible to and usable by individuals with disabilities.

(2)     For purposes of this section, a facility is designed and constructed for first occupancy after January 26, 1993, only –

(i)      If the last application for a building permit or permit extension for the facility is certified to be complete, by a State, County, or local government after January 26, 1992 (or, in those jurisdictions where the government does not certify completion of applications, if the last application for a building permit or permit extension for the facility is received by the State, County, or local government after January 26, 1992); and

(ii)     If the first certificate of occupancy for the facility is issued after January 26, 1993.

[2010 ADASAdvisory 101.1 General.  In addition to these requirements, covered entities must comply with the regulations issued by the Department of Justice and the Department of Transportation under the Americans with Disabilities Act. There are issues affecting individuals with disabilities which are not addressed by these requirements, but which are covered by the Department of Justice and the Department of Transportation regulations.

DSA icon
Advisory 11B-101.1 General (1).  Chapter 11B accessibility regulations are applicable to: 1) publicly funded buildings, structures, sidewalks, curbs and related facilities; 2) privately funded public accommodations and commercial facilities; and 3) public housing and private housing available for public use.  Refer to Chapter 1, Section 1.9 for additional information. ◼

DSA icon
Advisory 11B-101.1 General (2).  Accessible features, accommodations and elements must comply with the requirements of Chapter 11B.  In some cases Chapter 11B requires compliance with requirements in other parts of the building code. When additional scoping or technical requirements are located in other parts of the building code, the features, accommodations and elements must comply with those regulations and Chapter 11B. ◼

11B-101.2 Reserved.

[2010 ADAS101.2 Effect on Removal of Barriers in Existing Facilities.  This document does not address existing facilities unless altered at the discretion of a covered entity. The Department of Justice has authority over existing facilities that are subject to the requirement for removal of barriers under title III of the ADA. Any determination that this document applies to existing facilities subject to the barrier removal requirement is solely within the discretion of the Department of Justice and is effective only to the extent required by regulations issued by the Department of Justice.

ETA Editor's Note

While the 2010 ADA Standards and 2013 CBC address new construction and alterations of existing facilities, the ADA Title II and ADA Title III regulations include a Safe Harbor provision for existing facilities. The ADA provisions are inserted immediately below.  Chapter 11B of 2013 CBC declines to use the term "Safe Harbor," but contains a limited version of the same principle at Section 11B-202.4, Exception 2. In addition, ADA Title III requires removal of barriers for existing facilities not undergoing alterations as defined in the 2010 ADA Standards, which goes above and beyond responsibilities assigned by CBC. For more information regarding ADA Safe Harbor, go to http://www.adasafeharbor.com/.

[ADA Title II§35.150(b) Existing Facilities; Methods.

(2)(i)  Safe harbor. Elements that have not been altered in existing facilities on or after March 15, 2012, and that comply with the corresponding technical and scoping specifications for those elements in either the 1991 Standards or in the Uniform Federal Accessibility Standards (UFAS), Appendix A to 41 CFR part 101–19.6 (July 1, 2002 ed.), 49 FR 31528, app. A (Aug. 7, 1984) are not required to be modified in order to comply with the requirements set forth in the 2010 Standards.

(ii)     The safe harbor provided in §35.150(b)(2)(i) does not apply to those elements in existing facilities that are subject to supplemental requirements (i.e., elements for which there are neither technical nor scoping specifications in the 1991 Standards). Elements in the 2010 Standards not eligible for the element-by-element safe harbor are identified as follows –

(A)    Residential facilities dwelling units, sections 233 and 809.

(B)    Amusement rides, sections 234 and 1002; 206.2.9; 216.12.

(C)    Recreational boating facilities, sections 235 and 1003; 206.2.10.

(D)    Exercise machines and equipment, sections 236 and 1004; 206.2.13.

(E)    Fishing piers and platforms, sections 237 and 1005; 206.2.14.

(F)     Golf facilities, sections 238 and 1006; 206.2.15.

(G)    Miniature golf facilities, sections 239 and 1007; 206.2.16.

(H)    Play areas, sections 240 and 1008; 206.2.17.

(I)      Saunas and steam rooms, sections 241 and 612.

(J)     Swimming pools, wading pools, and spas, sections 242 and 1009.

(K)    Shooting facilities with firing positions, sections 243 and 1010.

(L)     Miscellaneous.

(1)     Team or player seating, section 221.2.1.4.

(2)     Accessible route to bowling lanes, section. 206.2.11.

(3)     Accessible route in court sports facilities, section 206.2.12.

[ADA Title III§36.304 Removal of Barriers

(a) General. A public accommodation shall remove architectural barriers in existing facilities, including communication barriers that are structural in nature, where such removal is readily achievable, i.e., easily accomplishable and able to be carried out without much difficulty or expense.

(b) Examples. Examples of steps to remove barriers include, but are not limited to, the following actions –

(1)     Installing ramps;

(2)     Making curb cuts in sidewalks and entrances;

(3)     Repositioning shelves;

(4)     Rearranging tables, chairs, vending machines, display racks, and other furniture;

(5)     Repositioning telephones;

(6)     Adding raised markings on elevator control buttons;

(7)     Installing flashing alarm lights;

(8)     Widening doors;

(9)     Installing offset hinges to widen doorways;

(10)   Eliminating a turnstile or providing an alternative accessible path;

(11)   Installing accessible door hardware;

(12)   Installing grab bars in toilet stalls;

(13)   Rearranging toilet partitions to increase maneuvering space;

(14)   Insulating lavatory pipes under sinks to prevent burns;

(15)   Installing a raised toilet seat;

(16)   Installing a full-length bathroom mirror;

(17)   Repositioning the paper towel dispenser in a bathroom;

(18)   Creating designated accessible parking spaces;

(19)   Installing an accessible paper cup dispenser at an existing inaccessible water fountain;

(20)   Removing high pile, low density carpeting; or

(21)   Installing vehicle hand controls.

(c) Priorities. A public accommodation is urged to take measures to comply with the barrier removal requirements of this section in accordance with the following order of priorities.

(1) First, a public accommodation should take measures to provide access to a place of public accommodation from public sidewalks, parking, or public transportation. These measures include, for example, installing an entrance ramp, widening entrances, and providing accessible parking spaces.

(2) Second, a public accommodation should take measures to provide access to those areas of a place of public accommodation where goods and services are made available to the public. These measures include, for example, adjusting the layout of display racks, rearranging tables, providing Brailled and raised character signage, widening doors, providing visual alarms, and installing ramps.

(3) Third, a public accommodation should take measures to provide access to restroom facilities. These measures include, for example, removal of obstructing furniture or vending machines, widening of doors, installation of ramps, providing accessible signage, widening of toilet stalls, and installation of grab bars.

(4) Fourth, a public accommodation should take any other measures necessary to provide access to the goods, services, facilities, privileges, advantages, or accommodations of a place of public accommodation.

(d) Relationship to Alterations Requirements of Subpart D of this Part.

(1) Except as provided in paragraph (d)(3) of this section, measures taken to comply with the barrier removal requirements of this section shall comply with the applicable requirements for alterations in §36.402 and §§36.404 through 36.406 of this part for the element being altered. The path of travel requirements of §36.403 shall not apply to measures taken solely to comply with the barrier removal requirements of this section.

(2)

(i) Safe harbor. Elements that have not been altered in existing facilities on or after March 15, 2012, and that comply with the corresponding technical and scoping specifications for those elements in the 1991 Standards are not required to be modified in order to comply with the requirements set forth in the 2010 Standards.

(ii)

(A) Before March 15, 2012, elements in existing facilities that do not comply with the corresponding technical and scoping specifications for those elements in the 1991 Standards must be modified to the extent readily achievable to comply with either the 1991 Standards or the 2010 Standards. Noncomplying newly constructed and altered elements may also be subject to the requirements of §36.406(a)(5).

(B) On or after March 15, 2012, elements in existing facilities that do not comply with the corresponding technical and scoping specifications for those elements in the 1991 Standards must be modified to the extent readily achievable to comply with the requirements set forth in the 2010 Standards. Noncomplying newly constructed and altered elements may also be subject to the requirements of § 36.406(a)(5).

(iii) The safe harbor provided in § 36.304(d)(2)(i) does not apply to those elements in existing facilities that are subject to supplemental requirements (i.e., elements for which there are neither technical nor scoping specifications in the 1991 Standards), and therefore those elements must be modified to the extent readily achievable to comply with the 2010 Standards. Noncomplying newly constructed and altered elements may also be subject to the requirements of § 36.406(a)(5). Elements in the 2010 Standards not eligible for the element-by-element safe harbor are identified as follows –

(A)    Residential facilities and dwelling units, sections 233 and 809.

(B)    Amusement rides, sections 234 and 1002; 206.2.9; 216.12.

(C)    Recreational boating facilities, sections 235 and 1003; 206.2.10.

(D)    Exercise machines and equipment, sections 236 and 1004; 206.2.13.

(E)    Fishing piers and platforms, sections 237 and 1005; 206.2.14.

(F)     Golf facilities, sections 238 and 1006; 206.2.15.

(G)    Miniature golf facilities, sections 239 and 1007; 206.2.16.

(H)    Play areas, sections 240 and 1008; 206.2.17.

(I)      Saunas and steam rooms, sections 241 and 612.

(J)     Swimming pools, wading pools, and spas, sections 242 and 1009.

(K)    Shooting facilities with firing positions, sections 243 and 1010.

(L)     Miscellaneous.

(1)     Team or player seating, section 221.2.1.4.

(2)     Accessible route to bowling lanes, section 206.2.11.

(3)     Accessible route in court sports facilities, section 206.2.12.

(3) If, as a result of compliance with the alterations requirements specified in paragraph (d)(1) and (d)(2) of this section, the measures required to remove a barrier would not be readily achievable, a public accommodation may take other readily achievable measures to remove the barrier that do not fully comply with the specified requirements. Such measures include, for example, providing a ramp with a steeper slope or widening a doorway to a narrower width than that mandated by the alterations requirements. No measure shall be taken, however, that poses a significant risk to the health or safety of individuals with disabilities or others.

Appendix to §36.304(d)

Compliance Dates and Applicable Standards for Barrier Removal and Safe Harbor

Date

Requirement

Applicable Standards

Before March 15, 2012

Elements that do not comply with the requirements for those elements in the 1991 Standards must be modified to the extent readily achievable.

 

Note: Noncomplying newly constructed and altered elements may also be subject to the requirements of § 36.406(a)(5).

1991 Standards or 2010 Standards.

On or after March 15, 2012

Elements that do not comply with the requirements for those elements in the 1991 Standards or that do not comply with the supplemental requirements (i.e., elements for which there are neither technical nor scoping specifications in the 1991 Standards), must be modified to the extent readily achievable. There is an exception for existing pools, wading pools, and spas built before March 15, 2012 [See § 36.304(g)(5)].

 

Note: Noncomplying newly constructed and altered elements may also be subject to the requirements of § 36.406(a)(5).

2010 Standards.

On or after January 31, 2013

For existing pools, wading pools, and spas built before March 15, 2012, elements that do not comply with the supplemental requirements for entry to pools, wading pools, and spas must be modified to the extent readily achievable [See § 36.304(g)(5)]

Sections 242 and 1009 of the 2010 Standards.

Elements not altered after March 15, 2012

Elements that comply with the requirements for those elements in the 1991 Standards do not need to be modified

Safe Harbor.

(e) Portable Ramps. Portable ramps should be used to comply with this section only when installation of a permanent ramp is not readily achievable. In order to avoid any significant risk to the health or safety of individuals with disabilities or others in using portable ramps, due consideration shall be given to safety features such as nonslip surfaces, railings, anchoring, and strength of materials.

(f) Selling or Serving Space. The rearrangement of temporary or movable structures, such as furniture, equipment, and display racks is not readily achievable to the extent that it results in a significant loss of selling or serving space.

(g) Limitation on Barrier Removal Obligations.

(1) The requirements for barrier removal under §36.304 shall not be interpreted to exceed the standards for alterations in subpart D of this part.

(2) To the extent that relevant standards for alterations are not provided in subpart D of this part, then the requirements of §36.304 shall not be interpreted to exceed the standards for new construction in subpart D of this part.

(3) This section does not apply to rolling stock and other conveyances to the extent that §36.310 applies to rolling stock and other conveyances.

(4) This requirement does not apply to guest rooms in existing facilities that are places of lodging where the guest rooms are not owned by the entity that owns, leases, or operates the overall facility and the physical features of the guest room interiors are controlled by their individual owners.

(5) With respect to facilities built before March 15, 2012, the requirements in this section for accessible means of entry for swimming pools, wading pools, and spas, as set forth in sections 242 and 1009 of the 2010 Standards, shall not apply until January 31, 2013.

[ADA Title III] §36.305 Alternatives to Barrier Removal.

(a) General. Where a public accommodation can demonstrate that barrier removal is not readily achievable, the public accommodation shall not fail to make its goods, services, facilities, privileges, advantages, or accommodations available through alternative methods, if those methods are readily achievable.

(b) Examples. Examples of alternatives to barrier removal include, but are not limited to, the following actions –

(1)     Providing curb service or home delivery;

(2)     Retrieving merchandise from inaccessible shelves or racks;

(3)     Relocating activities to accessible locations;

(c) Multiscreen Cinemas. If it is not readily achievable to remove barriers to provide access by persons with mobility impairments to all of the theaters of a multiscreen cinema, the cinema shall establish a film rotation schedule that provides reasonable access for individuals who use wheelchairs to all films. Reasonable notice shall be provided to the public as to the location and time of accessible showings.

11B-102 Dimensions for adults and children.

The technical requirements are based on adult dimensions and anthropometrics. In addition, this chapter includes technical requirements based on children's dimensions and anthropometries for drinking fountains, water closets, toilet compartments, lavatories and sinks, dining surfaces, and work surfaces.

11B-103 Equivalent facilitation.

Nothing in these requirements prevents the use of designs, products, or technologies as alternatives to those prescribed, provided they result in substantially equivalent or greater accessibility and usability.

[2010 ADASAdvisory 103 Equivalent Facilitation.  The responsibility for demonstrating equivalent facilitation in the event of a challenge rests with the covered entity. With the exception of transit facilities, which are covered by regulations issued by the Department of Transportation, there is no process for certifying that an alternative design provides equivalent facilitation.

ETA Editor's Note

The acceptance of an Equivalent Facilitation argument by a Local Building Official or other Authority Having Jurisdiction does not warrant that the standards for Equivalent Facilitation expected for ADA compliance are met, since those entities have no authority to certify ADA compliance, and consistently state that they do not review for it. Due diligence is advised whenever Equivalent Facilitation is proposed in lieu of strict compliance with stated scoping and/or technical requirements.

When designs rely on equivalent facilitation for compliance, the designer, and any other responsible parties, must verify that the designs, products or technologies actually result in substantially equivalent or greater accessibility and usability for people with all disability types who would have been accommodated by a design meeting the stated requirements.

11B-104.1 Dimensions.

Dimensions that are not stated as "maximum" or "minimum" are absolute.

DSA icon
Advisory 11B-104.1 Dimensions.  This section clarifies the dimensioning conventions used in this chapter.  Dimensions stated as a "maximum" or "minimum" provide a dimensional range for design purposes.  Dimensions not stated as ‘maximum’ or ‘minimum’ are absolute values for design purposes. ◼

11B-104.1.1 Construction and manufacturing tolerances.

All dimensions are subject to conventional industry tolerances except where the requirement is stated as a range with specific minimum and maximum end points.

[2010 ADASAdvisory 104.1.1  Construction and Manufacturing Tolerances.  Conventional industry tolerances recognized by this provision include those for field conditions and those that may be a necessary consequence of a particular manufacturing process. Recognized tolerances are not intended to apply to design work.

It is good practice when specifying dimensions to avoid specifying a tolerance where dimensions are absolute. For example, if this document requires "1½ inches," avoid specifying "1½ inches plus or minus X inches."

Where the requirement states a specified range, such as in 609.4 where grab bars must be installed between 33 inches and 36 inches above the floor, the range provides an adequate tolerance and therefore no tolerance outside of the range at either end point is permitted.

Where a requirement is a minimum or a maximum dimension that does not have two specific minimum and maximum end points, tolerances may apply. Where an element is to be installed at the minimum or maximum permitted dimension, such as "15 inches minimum" or "5 pounds maximum," it would not be good practice to specify "5 pounds (plus X pounds) or 15 inches (minus X inches)." Rather, it would be good practice to specify a dimension less than the required maximum (or more than the required minimum) by the amount of the expected field or manufacturing tolerance and not to state any tolerance in conjunction with the specified dimension.

Specifying dimensions in design in the manner described above will better ensure that facilities and elements accomplish the level of accessibility intended by these requirements. It will also more often produce an end result of strict and literal compliance with the stated requirements and eliminate enforcement difficulties and issues that might otherwise arise. Information on specific tolerances may be available from industry or trade organizations, code groups and building officials, and published references.

DSA icon
Advisory 11B-104.1.1 Construction and manufacturing tolerances.  Application of conventional industry tolerances must be on a case-by-case, project-by-project basis.  Predetermined guidelines for construction tolerances could unnecessarily encourage contractors and others to deviate from the access regulations found in the CBC and may wrongfully be viewed by some to have the effect of law.

Conventional building industry tolerances include those for field conditions and those that may be a necessary consequence of a particular manufacturing process.  Recognized tolerances are not intended to apply to design work.

Where accessibility provisions state a dimensional range, such as Section 11B-505.4 which requires the top of stair handrails to be installed between 34 inches and 38 inches above the nosing, the range already provides an adequate tolerance, therefore, no tolerance outside the range at either end point is permitted.

An element designed to be constructed at either the maximum or minimum permitted dimensions puts the construction at risk if construction errors result in a violation of the standards.  It is good practice to specify a dimension less than the required maximum (or more than the required minimum) by the amount of the expected field or manufacturing tolerance and not to state any tolerance in conjunction with the specified dimension.

In other words, dimensions noted in accessibility provisions as “maximum” or “minimum” should not be considered dimensions for design, as they represent the limits of a requirement.  To be sure that field tolerances result in usable construction, notes and dimensions in construction documents should anticipate expected tolerances so that a required dimensional range is not exceeded by the addition of a finish or a variation in construction practice.

Specifying dimensions in design in the manner described above will better ensure that facilities and elements accomplish the level of accessibility intended by the provision.  It will also more often produce an end result of strict and literal compliance with the stated requirements and eliminate enforcement difficulties and issues that might otherwise arise. ◼

ETA Editor’s Note:

For additional information go to ADA Tolerances - Additional Resources or keyword search "Tolerance."

11B-104.2 Calculation of percentages.

Where the required number of elements or facilities to be provided is determined by calculations of ratios or percentages and remainders or fractions result, the next greater whole number of such elements or facilities shall be provided. Where the determination of the required size or dimension of an element or facility involves ratios or percentages, rounding down for values less than one half shall be permitted.

11B-104.3 Figures.

Unless specifically stated otherwise, figures are provided for informational purposes only.

Dimension lines show English units above the line (in inches unless otherwise noted) and the SI units (in millimeters unless otherwise noted).  Small measurements show the dimension with an arrow pointing to the dimension line.  Dimension ranges are shown above the line in inches and below the line in millimeters.  Min refers to minimum, and max refers to the maximum.  Mathematical symbols indicate greater than, greater than or equal to, less than, and less than or equal to.  A dashed line identifies the boundary of clear floor space or maneuvering space.  A line with alternating shot and long dashes with a c and l at the end indicate the centerline.  A dashed line with longer spaces indicates a permitted element or its extension.  An arrow is to identify the direction of travel or approach.  A thick black line is used to represent a wall, floor, ceiling or other element cut in section or plan.  Gray shading is used to show an element in elevation or plan.  Hatching is used to show the location zone of elements, controls, or features.  Terms defined by this document are shown in italics.

FIGURE 11B-104
GRAPHIC CONVENTION FOR FIGURES

11B-106.1 General.

For the purpose of this chapter, the terms listed in Section 11B-106.5 and defined in Chapter 2 have the indicated meaning.

11B-106.2 Terms defined in referenced standards.

Terms not listed in Section 11B-106.5 and not defined in Chapter 2, Section 202, but specifically defined in a referenced standard, shall have the specified meaning from the referenced standard unless otherwise stated.

11B-106.3 Undefined terms.

The meaning of terms not specifically listed in Section 11B-106.5, and not defined in Chapter 2, Section 202, or in referenced standards shall be as defined by collegiate dictionaries in the sense that the context implies.

11B-106.4 Interchangeability.

See Chapter 2, Section 201.2.

11B-106.5 Defined terms.

The following terms are defined in Chapter 2, Section 202.

DSA icon
Advisory 11B-106.5 Defined terms.  Terms defined in Chapter 2, Section 202 and adopted by DSA-AC for access are listed below. Non-italicized terms indicate 2010 Americans with Disabilities Act Standards model code definitions. Italicized terms indicate definitions carried forward from the 2010 California Building Code. ◼

ETA Editor's Note

Since hyperlinks are provided throughout this Pocket Guide where certain defined terms are used, the list of defined terms in 2013 CBC Chapter 11B is omitted. The definitions of those terms, as well as terms defined in ADA, are located in Section 202. For simplicity, the following terms defined in Section 202 do not have hyperlinks, unless the Editor has judged that the particular context may benefit from the added clarity of the definition:

                  Accessible

                  Accessible Space

                  Addition

                  ANSI

                  Approved

                  Building

                  Building Official

                  CCR

                  Clear

                  Comply with

                  Disability

                  Element

                  Enforcing Agency

                  Exit

                  Facility

                  Health Care Provider

                  Handrail

                  Historic Buildings

                  If, If ... Then

                  Kitchen or Kitchenette

                  May

                  NFPA

                  Nosing

                  Pedestrian

                  Permanent

                  Permit

                  Private Building or Facility

                  Recommend

                  Remodeling

                  Repair

                  Riser

                  Shall

                  Should

                  Signage

                  Site

                  Space

                  Stair

                  Story

                  Structural Frame

                  Structure

                  Tactile

                  Temporary

                  Tread

                  Walk

                  Wheelchair

11B-108 Maintenance of accessible features.

A public accommodation shall maintain in operable working condition those features of facilities and equipment that are required to be accessible to and useable by persons with disabilities. Isolated or temporary interruptions in service or accessibility due to maintenance or repairs shall be permitted.

DSA icon
11B-108 Maintenance of accessible features.  Features for accessibility must be permanently functional, unobstructed and may not be removed.  It is not sufficient to provide features such as accessible routes, parking, elevators, ramps or signage if those features are not maintained in a manner that enables individuals with disabilities to use them.  Inoperable elevators, locked accessible doors, or "accessible" routes that are obstructed by furniture, filing cabinets or potted plants are not accessible to nor usable by persons with disabilities. ◼

11B-201 Application

11B-201.1 Scope.

All areas of newly designed and newly constructed buildings and facilities and altered portions of existing buildings and facilities shall comply with these requirements. 

[ADA Title II] §35.151(d) New Construction and Alterations; Scope of Coverage. [ADA Title III] §36.406(b) Standards for New Construction and Alterations; Scope of Coverage. The 1991 Standards and the 2010 Standards apply to fixed or built-in elements of buildings, structures, site improvements, and pedestrian routes or vehicular ways located on a site. Unless specifically stated otherwise, the advisory notes, appendix notes, and figures contained in the 1991 Standards and 2010 Standards explain or illustrate the requirements of the rule; they do not establish enforceable requirements. 

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 201.1 Scope.  These requirements are to be applied to all areas of a facility unless exempted, or where scoping limits the number of multiple elements required to be accessible. For example, not all medical care patient rooms are required to be accessible; those that are not required to be accessible are not required to comply with these requirements. However, common use and public use spaces such as recovery rooms, examination rooms, and cafeterias are not exempt from these requirements and must be accessible.
11B-201.2 Application based on building or facility use.

Where a site, building, facility, room, or space contains more than one use, each portion shall comply with the applicable requirements for that use. 

11B-201.3 Temporary and permanent structures.

These requirements shall apply to temporary and permanent buildings and facilities. 

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 201.3 Temporary and Permanent Structures.  Temporary buildings or facilities covered by these requirements include, but are not limited to, reviewing stands, temporary classrooms, bleacher areas, stages, platforms and daises, fixed furniture systems, wall systems, and exhibit areas, temporary banking facilities, and temporary health screening facilities. Structures and equipment directly associated with the actual processes of construction are not required to be accessible as permitted in 203.2.
11B-201.4 Construction Support Facilities.

These requirements shall apply to temporary or permanent construction support facilities for uses and activities not directly associated with the actual processes of construction, including but not limited to offices, meeting rooms, plan rooms, other administrative or support functions. When provided, toilet and bathing facilities serving construction support facilities shall comply with 11B-213. When toilet and bathing facilities serving construction support facilities are provided by portable units, at least one of each type shall be accessible and connected to the construction support facilities it serves by an accessible route.

EXCEPTION:  During construction an accessible route shall not be required between site arrival points or the boundary of the area of construction and the entrance to the construction support facilities if the only means of access between them is a vehicular way not providing pedestrian access.

DSA icon
Advisory 11B-201.4 Construction support facilities.  This section clarifies that construction support facilities located on or adjacent to a construction site, but not directly associated with the actual processes of construction must comply with the accessibility provisions of Chapter 11B. Construction support facilities may include but are not limited to, offices, meeting rooms, plan rooms and other administrative and support spaces. Toilet facilities serving these construction support facilities, including portable units, must also comply with the accessibility provisions of this chapter. While an accessible route is required between construction support facilities and the toilet and parking facilities serving them, an accessible route is not required between site arrival points and construction support facilities when the only means of reaching the construction support facilities is a vehicular way.◼

11B-202 Existing buildings and facilities

11B-202.1 General.

Additions and alterations to existing buildings or facilities shall comply with Section 11B-202

11B-202.2 Additions.

Each addition to an existing building or facility shall comply with the requirements for new construction and shall comply with 11B-202.4 _|Alterations; Path of Travel Requirements|_.

DSA icon
Advisory 11B-202.2 Additions.  An addition to site improvements, such as a new patio or playground, may require an accessible path of travel from the site arrival point to restrooms, drinking fountains, signs, public telephones (if available) serving the addition.◼

[2010 ADAS] 202.2 Additions.  Each addition to an existing building or facility shall comply with the requirements for new construction. Each addition that affects or could affect the usability of or access to an area containing a primary function shall comply with 202.4.

11B-202.3 Alterations.

Where existing elements or spaces are altered, each altered element or space shall comply with the applicable requirements of Division 2, including Section 11B-202.4 _|Alterations; Path of Travel Requirements|_. 

[2010 ADAS] 202.3 Alterations.  Where existing elements or spaces are altered, each altered element or space shall comply with the applicable requirements of Chapter 2.

Exceptions:

1.     Reserved.

[2010 ADAS1.  Unless required by 202.4, where elements or spaces are altered and the circulation path to the altered element or space is not altered, an accessible route shall not be required.

2.     Technically infeasible. In alterations, where the enforcing authority determines compliance with applicable requirements is technically infeasible, the alteration shall provide equivalent facilitation or comply with the requirements to the maximum extent feasible. The details of the finding that full compliance with the requirements is technically infeasible shall be recorded and entered into the files of the enforcing agency.

[2010 ADAS2.  In alterations, where compliance with applicable requirements is technically infeasible, the alteration shall comply with the requirements to the maximum extent feasible.

ETA Editor's Note

A key difference between CBC and ADA is that matters of judgment, such as technical infeasibility, equivalent facilitation, and compliance to the maximum extent feasible are subject to the opinions of the Authority Having Jurisdiction with regard to CBC, while there is no such governing authority for ADA.  Instead, these matters are subject to being tested through the legal system.  Risk is minimized when there is clear evidence that proactive measures have been taken to enable individuals with varying types of disabilities to acquire goods and services independently, or to receive the same benefits of participation or employment as anyone else.

3.     Residential dwelling units not required to be accessible in compliance with this code shall not be required to comply with 11B-202.3.

[2010 ADAS3.  Residential dwelling units not required to be accessible in compliance with a standard issued pursuant to the Americans with Disabilities Act or Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, shall not be required to comply with 202.3

[ADA Title II§35.151(b) New Construction and Alterations; Alterations. (1) Each facility or part of a facility altered by, on behalf of, or for the use of a public entity in a manner that affects or could affect the usability of the facility or part of the facility shall, to the maximum extent feasible, be altered in such manner that the altered portion of the facility is readily accessible to and usable by individuals with disabilities, if the alteration was commenced after January 26, 1992.

[ADA Title III§36.402(a) Alterations; General. (1) Any alteration to a place of public accommodation or a commercial facility, after January 26, 1992, shall be made so as to ensure that, to the maximum extent feasible, the altered portions of the facility are readily accessible to and usable by individuals with disabilities, including individuals who use wheelchairs. (2) An alteration is deemed to be undertaken after January 26, 1992, if the physical alteration of the property begins after that date.

[2010 ADASAdvisory 202.3 Alterations. Although covered entities are permitted to limit the scope of an alteration to individual elements, the alteration of multiple elements within a room or space may provide a cost-effective opportunity to make the entire room or space accessible. Any elements or spaces of the building or facility that are required to comply with these requirements must be made accessible within the scope of the alteration, to the maximum extent feasible. If providing accessibility in compliance with these requirements for people with one type of disability (e.g., people who use wheelchairs) is not feasible, accessibility must still be provided in compliance with the requirements for people with other types of disabilities (e.g., people who have hearing impairments or who have vision impairments) to the extent that such accessibility is feasible.

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Advisory 11B-202.3 Alterations (seismic strengthening).  In Legal Opinion No. 94-1109, dated May 10, 1995, the Attorney General for the State of California concluded that seismic strengthening work in an existing building constitutes a “building alteration, structural repair or addition” for purposes of providing access to the building for persons with disabilities.

In existing buildings or facilities, if seismic strengthening or upgrade work does not alter the primary use or function of the building or facility and/or does not alter the design of specific rooms or spaces, then the requirement for an accessible path of travel to the area of specific alteration does not apply. However, an accessible primary entrance, toilet and bathing facilities, drinking fountains, signs and public telephones, as well as an accessible route connecting these elements must be provided. In existing buildings or facilities, when the primary use or function of the building or facility and/or design of specific rooms or spaces are altered, the seismic strengthening or upgrade work must comply with all applicable accessibility regulations for new construction.  In addition, an accessible primary entrance to the building or facility and path of travel to the specific area of alteration, including toilet and bathing facilities, drinking fountains, signs, and public telephones serving the area must be provided.◼

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Advisory 11B-202.3 Alterations (fire damage repair).  US Department of Justice technical assistance letter #772, dated August 26, 1998, indicates reconstruction after a fire is considered an alteration. Chapter 2, Section 202 defines alteration as “…a change, addition or modification in construction, change in occupancy or use, or structural repair to an existing building or facility. …” Reroofing, painting or wallpapering, or changes to mechanical and electrical systems are generally not considered to be alterations.

When the damage caused by a fire is minor and can be corrected by cleaning, re-painting or re-wallpapering, accessibility provisions based on alterations are not triggered. The accessibility requirements of Section 11B-202.3 would apply where alterations are made in the fire damaged area, for example, if wall or roof structures are being reconstructed or repaired. These requirements include: (1) reconstruction work in the specific area of fire damage that complies with all applicable accessibility provisions for new construction and (2) the obligation to provide an accessible primary entrance to the building or facility and primary path of travel to the specific area of alteration, including toilet and bathing facilities, drinking fountains, signs, and public telephones that serve the area.◼

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Advisory 11B-202.3 Alterations (change in occupancy).  When a building or facility undergoes a change of occupancy, the entire building or facility (or portion thereof) is considered the area of alteration.  The entire building or facility (or portion thereof) must be upgraded to comply with current accessibility requirements for new construction.◼
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Advisory 11B-202.3 Alterations (pre-existing conditions).  Code changes to the California Building Code do not generally “trigger” the requirement to comply with the current code in existing buildings unless the building or facility is undergoing alteration.◼
11B-202.3.1 Prohibited reduction in access.

An alteration that decreases or has the effect of decreasing the accessibility of a building or facility below the requirements for new construction at the time of the alteration is prohibited. 

[ADA Title II§35.133 Maintenance of accessible features.  [ADA Title III§36.211 Maintenance of accessible features. (c) If the 2010 Standards reduce the technical requirements or the number of required accessible elements below the number required by the 1991 Standards, the technical requirements or the number of accessible elements in a facility subject to this part may be reduced in accordance with the requirements of the 2010 Standards. 

11B-202.3.2 Extent of application.

An alteration of an existing element, space, or area of a building or facility shall not impose a requirement for accessibility greater than required for new construction. 

11B-202.3.3 Alteration of single elements.

If alterations of single elements, when considered together, amount to an alteration of a room or space in a building or facility, the entire room or space shall be made accessible.

11B-202.4 Path of travel requirements in alterations, additions and structural repairs.

When alterations or additions are made to existing buildings or facilities, an accessible path of travel to the specific area of alteration or addition shall be provided. The primary accessible path of travel shall include:

ETA Editor's Note

CBC Chapter 11B does not apply the same qualification as ADA for imposing the responsibility to make the path of travel to an addition or alteration accessible, implying that existing barriers to accessibility must be mitigated, subject to codified hardship and/or safe harbor limitations. ADA imposes the responsibility when an alteration or addition to a public accommodation or commercial facility includes or affects an area containing a primary function. Lacking this qualification, the CBC Chapter 11B scoping is more inclusive. However, the CBC scoping is interpreted and enforced by Local Building Officials and other Authorities Having Jurisdiction, whereas the ADA scoping is not. Therefore, in cases where the CBC scoping for mitigation of existing path of travel barriers as part of a building alteration or addition is not enforced, or is enforced to a lesser degree than the ADA obligation would require, the ADA obligation remains in effect, if the alteration or addition meets the ADA primary function qualification.

It is also important to note that ADA Title III imposes a perpetual obligation for public accommodations to mitigate existing barriers to the extent readily achievable, not merely limited to those on an accessible path of travel, and not tied to other alterations or additions.

In order to mitigate existing barriers, it is first necessary to identify them. The subject of who is responsible for doing this is not addressed directly by CBC or ADA, and it is perhaps the most common failing for public accommodations. Design professionals frequently note "Existing Accessible Parking," "Existing Accessible Toilets," and similar, which Authorities Having Jurisdiction take to imply that they are compliant. The failure to mitigate existing barriers that are overlooked by this practice can be, and frequently is, an ADA violation. It is also inconsistent with the intent of CBC Chapter 11B.

The ADA path of travel requirements are included in this Pocket Guide following those of CBC Section 11B-202.4.

1.      A primary entrance to the building or facility,

2.      Toilet and bathing facilities serving the area,

3.      Drinking fountains serving the area,

4.      Public telephones serving the area, and

5.      Signs.

Exceptions:

1.      Residential dwelling units shall comply with Section 11B-233.3.4.2.

2.      If the following elements of a path of travel have been constructed or altered in compliance with the accessibility requirements of the immediately preceding edition of the California Building Code, it shall not be required to retrofit such elements to reflect the incremental changes in this code solely because of an alteration to an area served by those elements of the path of travel:

1.      A primary entrance to the building or facility,

2.      Toilet and bathing facilities serving the area,

3.      Drinking fountains serving the area,

4.      Public telephones serving the area, and

5.      Signs.

3.      Additions or alterations to meet accessibility requirements consisting of one or more of the following items shall be limited to the actual scope of work of the project and shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-202.4:

1.     Altering one building entrance.

2.     Altering one existing toilet facility.

3.     Altering existing elevators.

4.     Altering existing steps.

5.     Altering existing handrails.

4.     Alterations solely for the purpose of barrier removal undertaken pursuant to the requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act (Public Law 101-336, 28 C.F.R., Section 36.304) or the accessibility requirements of this code as those requirements or regulations now exist or are hereafter amended consisting of one or more of the following items shall be limited to the actual scope of work of the project and shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-202.4:

1.     Installing ramps.

2.     Making curb cuts in sidewalks and entrance.

3.     Repositioning shelves.

4.     Rearranging tables, chairs, vending machines, display racks, and other furniture.

5.     Repositioning telephones.

6.     Adding raised markings on elevator control buttons.

7.     Installing flashing alarm lights.

8.     Widening doors.

9.     Installing offset hinges to widen doorways.

10.   Eliminating a turnstile or providing an alternative accessible route.

11.   Installing accessible door hardware.

12.   Installing grab bars in toilet stalls.

13.   Rearranging toilet partitions to increase maneuvering space.

14.   Insulating lavatory pipes under sinks to prevent burns.

15.   Installing a raised toilet seat.

16.   Installing a full-length bathroom mirror.

17.   Repositioning the paper towel dispenser in a bathroom.

18.   Creating designated accessible parking spaces.

19.   Removing high-pile, low-density carpeting.

 

5.     Alterations of existing parking lots by resurfacing and/or restriping shall be limited to the actual scope of work of the project and shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-202.4.

6.     The addition or replacement of signs and/or identification devices shall be limited to the actual scope of work of the project and shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-202.4.

7.     Projects consisting only of heating, ventilation, air conditioning, reroofing, electrical work not involving placement of switches and receptacles, cosmetic work that does not affect items regulated by this code, such as painting, equipment not considered to be a part of the architecture of the building or area, such as computer terminals and office equipment shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-202.4. unless they affect the usability of the building or facility.

8.     When the adjusted construction cost is less than or equal to the current valuation threshold, as defined in Chapter 2, Section 202, the cost of compliance with 11B-202.4 shall be limited to 20 percent of the adjusted construction cost of alterations, structural repairs or additions. When the cost of full compliance with Section 11B-202.4 would exceed 20 percent, compliance shall be provided to the greatest extent possible without exceeding 20 percent.

When the adjusted construction cost exceeds the current valuation threshold, as defined in Chapter 2, Section 202, and the enforcing agency determines the cost of compliance with Section 11B-202.4 is an unreasonable hardship, as defined in Chapter 2, Section 202, full compliance with Section 11B-202.4 shall not be required.  Compliance shall be provided by equivalent facilitation or to the greatest extent possible without creating an unreasonable hardship; but in no case shall the cost of compliance be less than 20 percent of the adjusted construction cost of alterations, structural repairs or additions. The details of the finding of unreasonable hardship shall be recorded and entered into the files of the enforcing agency and shall be subject to Chapter 1, Section 1.9.1.5, Special Conditions for Persons with Disabilities Requiring Appeals Action Ratification.

For the purposes of this exception, the adjusted construction cost of alterations, structural repairs or additions shall not include the cost of alterations to path of travel elements required to comply with Section 11B-202.4.

In choosing which accessible elements to provide, priority should be given to those elements that will provide the greatest access in the following order:

1.     An accessible entrance;

2.     An accessible route to the altered area;

3.     At least one accessible restroom for each sex or a single unisex restroom;

4.     Accessible telephones;

5.     Accessible drinking fountains; and

6.     When possible, additional accessible elements such as parking, signs, storage and alarms.

If an area has been altered without providing an accessible path of travel to that area, and subsequent alterations of that area or a different area on the same path of travel are undertaken within three years of the original alteration, the total cost of alterations to the areas on that path of travel during the preceding three-year period shall be considered in determining whether the cost of making that path of travel accessible is disproportionate.

9.     Certain types of privately funded, multistory buildings and facilities were formerly exempt from accessibility requirements above and below the first floor under this code, but as of, April 1, 1994, are no longer exempt due to more restrictive provisions in the federal Americans with Disabilities Act. In alteration projects involving buildings and facilities previously approved and built without elevators, areas above and below the ground floor are subject to the 20-percent disproportionately _|should be "disproportionality"|_ provisions described in Exception 8, above, even if the value of the project exceeds the valuation threshold in Exception 8. The types of buildings and facilities are:

1.     Office buildings and passenger vehicle service stations of three stories or more and 3,000 or more square feet (279 m2) per floor.

2.     Offices of physicians and surgeons.

3.     Shopping centers.

4.     Other buildings and facilities three stories or more and 3,000 or more square feet (279 m2) per floor if a reasonable portion of services sought and used by the public is available on the accessible level.

For the general privately funded multistory building exception applicable to new construction and alterations, see Section 11B-206.2.3, Exception 1.

The elevator exception set forth in this section does not obviate or limit in any way the obligation to comply with the other accessibility requirements in this code. For example, floors above or below the accessible ground floor must meet the requirements of this section except for elevator service. If toilet or bathing facilities are provided on a level not served by an elevator, then toilet or bathing facilities must be provided on the accessible ground floor. 

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Advisory 11B-202.4 Path of travel requirements in alterations, additions and structural repairs.  New access regulations made effective after the date of last construction may require owners to upgrade their facility to comply with the current regulations during alterations, additions or structural repair.◼

[2010 ADAS] 202.4 Alterations Affecting Primary Function Areas.  In addition to the requirements of 202.3, an alteration that affects or could affect the usability of or access to an area containing a primary function shall be made so as to ensure that, to the maximum extent feasible, the path of travel to the altered area, including the rest rooms, telephones, and drinking fountains serving the altered area, are readily accessible to and usable by individuals with disabilities, unless such alterations are disproportionate to the overall alterations in terms of cost and scope as determined under criteria established by the Attorney General. In existing transportation facilities, an area of primary function shall be as defined under regulations published by the Secretary of the Department of Transportation or the Attorney General.

EXCEPTION:  Residential dwelling units shall not be required to comply with 202.4

ETA Editor's Note

Per ADA Title II, §35.151(b)(4)(i)(B), and ADA Title III, §36.403(c)(2), alterations to windows, hardware, controls, electrical outlets and signage shall not be deemed to be alterations that affect the usability of or access to an area containing a primary function.

[ADA Title II] §35.151(b)(4) New Construction and Alterations; Alterations; Path of Travel

(ii)(C)       Safe harbor.  If a public entity has constructed or altered required elements of a path of travel in accordance with the specifications in either the 1991 Standards or the Uniform Federal Accessibility Standards before March 15, 2012, the public entity is not required to retrofit such elements to reflect incremental changes in the 2010 Standards solely because of an alteration to a primary function area served by that path of travel. 

[ADA Title III] §36.403 Alterations: Path of travel.

(a) General.

(2)    If a private entity has constructed or altered required elements of a path of travel at a place of public accommodation or commercial facility in accordance with the specifications in the 1991 Standards, the private entity is not required to retrofit such elements to reflect the incremental changes in the 2010 Standards solely because of an alteration to a primary function area served by that path of travel.

(c) Alterations to an area containing a primary function.

(1)    Alterations that affect the usability of or access to an area containing a primary function include but are not limited to:

(i)     Remodeling merchandise display areas or employee work areas in a department store;

(ii)    Replacing an inaccessible floor surface in the customer service or employee work areas of a bank;

(iii)   Redesigning the assembly line area of a factory; or

(iv)   Installing a computer center in an accounting firm.

(d) Landlord/tenant:  If a tenant is making alterations as defined in §36.402 that would trigger the requirements of this section, those alterations by the tenant in areas that only the tenant occupies do not trigger a path of travel obligation upon the landlord with respect to areas of the facility under the landlord´s authority, if those areas are not otherwise being altered. 

[ADA Title II] §35.151(b) New Construction and Alterations; Alterations.

(2)    The path of travel requirements of §35.151(b)(4) shall apply only to alterations undertaken solely for purposes other than to meet the program accessibility requirements of §35.150

[ADA Title III] §36.304(d) Removal of Barriers; Relationship to alterations requirements of subpart D of this part.

(1)  . . . The path of travel requirements of §36.403 shall not apply to measures taken solely to comply with the barrier removal requirements of this section. 

[ADA Title II] §35.151(b)(4)(iii) New Construction and Alterations; Alterations;  . . .  Disproportionality. 

[ADA Title III] §36.403(f) Alterations: Path of Travel; Disproportionality. _|subsections below are numbered per §36.403(f)|_

(1)    Alterations made to provide an accessible path of travel to the altered area will be deemed disproportionate to the overall alteration when the cost exceeds 20% of the cost of the alteration to the primary function area.

(2)    Costs that may be counted as expenditures required to provide an accessible path of travel may include:

(i)     Costs associated with providing an accessible entrance and an accessible route to the altered area, for example, the cost of widening doorways or installing ramps;

(ii)    Costs associated with making restrooms accessible, such as installing grab bars, enlarging toilet stalls, insulating pipes, or installing accessible faucet controls;

(iii)   Costs associated with providing accessible telephones, such as relocating the telephone to an accessible height, installing amplification devices, or installing a text telephone (TTY);

(iv)   Costs associated with relocating an inaccessible drinking fountain. 

[ADA Title II] §35.151(b)(4)(iv) New Construction and Alterations; Alterations;  . . .  Duty to provide accessible features in the event of disproportionality. 

[ADA Title III] §36.403(g) Alterations: Path of Travel; Duty to provide accessible features in the event of disproportionality _|subsections below are numbered per §36.403(g)|_.

(1)    When the cost of alterations necessary to make the path of travel to the altered area fully accessible is disproportionate to the cost of the overall alteration, the path of travel shall be made accessible to the extent that it can be made accessible without incurring disproportionate costs.

(2)    In choosing which accessible elements to provide, priority should be given to those elements that will provide the greatest access, in the following order:

(i)     An accessible entrance;

(ii)    An accessible route to the altered area;

(iii)   At least one accessible restroom for each sex or a single unisex restroom;

(iv)   Accessible telephones;

(v)    Accessible drinking fountains; and

(vi)   When possible, additional accessible elements such as parking, storage, and alarms. 

[ADA Title II] §35.151(b)(4)(v) New Construction and Alterations; Alterations;  ...  Series of smaller alterations.

(A)   The obligation to provide an accessible path of travel may not be evaded by performing a series of small alterations to the area served by a single path of travel if those alterations could have been performed as a single undertaking.

(B)

(1)    If an area containing a primary function has been altered without providing an accessible path of travel to that area, and subsequent alterations of that area, or a different area on the same path of travel, are undertaken within three years of the original alteration, the total cost of alterations to the primary function areas on that path of travel during the preceding three year period shall be considered in determining whether the cost of making that path of travel accessible is disproportionate.

(2)    Only alterations undertaken on or after March 15, 2011 shall be considered in determining if the cost of providing an accessible path of travel is disproportionate to the overall cost of the alterations. 

[ADA Title III] §36.403(h) Alterations: Path of Travel; Series of smaller alterations.

(1)    The obligation to provide an accessible path of travel may not be evaded by performing a series of small alterations to the area served by a single path of travel if those alterations could have been performed as a single undertaking.

(2)

(i)     If an area containing a primary function has been altered without providing an accessible path of travel to that area, and subsequent alterations of that area, or a different area on the same path of travel, are undertaken within three years of the original alteration, the total cost of alterations to the primary function areas on that path of travel during the preceding three year period shall be considered in determining whether the cost of making that path of travel accessible is disproportionate.

(ii)    Only alterations undertaken after January 26, 1992, shall be considered in determining if the cost of providing an accessible path of travel is disproportionate to the overall cost of the alterations. 

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 202.4 Alterations Affecting Primary Function Areas.  An area of a building or facility containing a major activity for which the building or facility is intended is a primary function area. Department of Justice ADA regulations state, "Alterations made to provide an accessible path of travel to the altered area will be deemed disproportionate to the overall alteration when the cost exceeds 20% of the cost of the alteration to the primary function area." (28 CFR 36.403 (f)(1)). See also Department of Transportation ADA regulations, which use similar concepts in the context of public sector transportation facilities (49 CFR 37.43 (e)(1)).

There can be multiple areas containing a primary function in a single building. Primary function areas are not limited to public use areas. For example, both a bank lobby and the bank's employee areas such as the teller areas and walk-in safe are primary function areas. Also, mixed use facilities may include numerous primary function areas for each use. Areas containing a primary function do not include: mechanical rooms, boiler rooms, supply storage rooms, employee lounges or locker rooms, janitorial closets, entrances, corridors, or restrooms.

11B-202.5 Alterations to qualified historic buildings and facilities.

Alterations to a qualified historic building or facility shall comply with the State Historical Building Code, Part 8, Title 24, of the California Code of Regulations.

Exception: Reserved.

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Advisory 11B-202.5 Alterations to qualified historic buildings and facilities.  The basic criteria for designating a building or property as a qualified historic building or facility are administered by the National Register program of the National Park Service. In California, those responsibilities are delegated to the Office of Historic Preservation. The Office of Historic Preservation administers the National Register and has created and administers the California Register, a similar listing. The Office of Historic Preservation delegates authority to cities and counties as "certified local governments" to apply National Register criteria for creating local lists of historic buildings and properties. There are also local governments and agencies that designate buildings and properties as historic outside of the Office of Historic Preservation program.

The State Historical Building Code provides a definition of qualified historic building or property, and can be used to determine if a building or facility is qualified. The State Historical Building Code is used in conjunction with the accessibility requirements of Chapter 11B. In general, alteration projects in qualified historic buildings and facilities must comply with the new construction requirements of Chapter 11B, however, the State Historical Building Code provides alternative accessibility provisions when an entity believes that compliance with the Chapter 11B requirements for specific elements would threaten or destroy the historical significance of the building or facility. Alternative provisions are provided for entrances, doors, power-assisted doors, toilet rooms, and exterior and interior ramps and lifts. Equivalent facilitation is permitted in specific cases when the alternative provisions themselves would threaten or destroy the historical significance or character defining features of the historic building or facility. Alternative provisions and equivalent facilitation are applied on a case-by-case basis only.

[2010 ADAS] 202.5 Alterations to Qualified Historic Buildings and Facilities.  Alterations to a qualified historic building or facility shall comply with 202.3 and 202.4.

EXCEPTION:  Where the State Historic Preservation Officer or Advisory Council on Historic Preservation determines that compliance with the requirements for accessible routes, entrances, or toilet facilities would threaten or destroy the historic significance of the building or facility, the exceptions for alterations to qualified historic buildings or facilities for that elements shall be permitted to apply.  

[ADA Title II] §35.151(b) New Construction and Alterations; Alterations.

(3)(i) Alterations to historic properties shall comply, to the maximum extent feasible, with the provisions applicable to historic properties in the design standards specified in §35.151(c).

(ii)     If it is not feasible to provide physical access to an historic property in a manner that will not threaten or destroy the historic significance of the building or facility, alternative methods of access shall be provided pursuant to the requirements of §35.150

[ADA Title III] §36.405 Alterations: Historic Preservation.

(a)    Alterations to buildings or facilities that are eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places under the National Historic Preservation Act (16 U.S.C. 470 et seq), or are designated as historic under State or local law, shall comply to the maximum extent feasible with this part.

(b)    If it is determined that it is not feasible to provide physical access to an historic property that is a place of public accommodation in a manner that will not threaten or destroy the historic significance of the building or the facility, alternative methods of access shall be provided pursuant to the requirements of subpart C of this part.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 202.5 Alterations to Qualified Historic Buildings and Facilities Exception.  State Historic Preservation Officers are State appointed officials who carry out certain responsibilities under the National Historic Preservation Act. State Historic Preservation Officers consult with Federal and State agencies, local governments, and private entities on providing access and protecting significant elements of qualified historic buildings and facilities. There are exceptions for alterations to qualified historic buildings and facilities for accessible routes (206.2.1 Exception 1 and 206.2.3 Exception 7); entrances (206.4 Exception 2); and toilet facilities (213.2 Exception 2). When an entity believes that compliance with the requirements for any of these elements would threaten or destroy the historic significance of the building or facility, the entity should consult with the State Historic Preservation Officer. If the State Historic Preservation Officer agrees that compliance with the requirements for a specific element would threaten or destroy the historic significance of the building or facility, use of the exception is permitted. Public entities have an additional obligation to achieve program accessibility under the Department of Justice ADA regulations. See 28 CFR 35.150. These regulations require public entities that operate historic preservation programs to give priority to methods that provide physical access to individuals with disabilities. If alterations to a qualified historic building or facility to achieve program accessibility would threaten or destroy the historic significance of the building or facility, fundamentally alter the program, or result in undue financial or administrative burdens, the Department of Justice ADA regulations allow alternative methods to be used to achieve program accessibility. In the case of historic preservation programs, such as an historic house museum, alternative methods include using audio-visual materials to depict portions of the house that cannot otherwise be made accessible. In the case of other qualified historic properties, such as an historic government office building, alternative methods include relocating programs and services to accessible locations. The Department of Justice ADA regulations also allow public entities to use alternative methods when altering qualified historic buildings or facilities in the rare situations where the State Historic Preservation Officer determines that it is not feasible to provide physical access using the exceptions permitted in Section 202.5 without threatening or destroying the historic significance of the building or facility. See 28 CFR 35.151(d).

The AccessAbility Office at the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) provides a variety of resources for museum operators and historic properties including: the Design for Accessibility Guide and the Disability Symbols. Contact NEA about these and other resources at (202) 682-5532 or http://www.arts.gov/.

11B-203.1 General.

Sites, buildings, facilities, and elements are exempt from these requirements to the extent specified by 11B-203.

11B-203.2 Construction sites.

Structures and sites directly associated with the actual processes of construction, including but not limited to, scaffolding, bridging, materials hoists, materials storage, and construction trailers shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route. Portable toilet units provided for use exclusively by construction personnel on a construction site shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-213 or to be on an accessible route.

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Advisory 11B-203.2 Construction sites.  This section provides a general exception for structures and sites directly associated with the actual processes of construction from the accessibility provisions of Chapter 11B. Construction associated structures and sites may include, but are not limited to, scaffolding, bridging, materials hoists, materials storage and construction trailers. Portable toilet units provided exclusively for use by construction personnel on a construction site are also exempted from the accessibility provisions of this chapter. ◼
11B-203.3 Raised areas.

Areas raised primarily for purposes of security, life safety, or fire safety, including but not limited to, observation or lookout galleries, prison guard towers, fire towers, or life guard stands shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route

11B-203.4 Limited access spaces.

Spaces not customarily occupied and accessed only by ladders, catwalks, crawl spaces, or very narrow passageways shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route.

11B-203.5 Machinery spaces.

Spaces frequented only by service personnel for maintenance, repair, or occasional monitoring of equipment shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route. Machinery spaces include, but are not limited to, elevator pits or elevator penthouses; mechanical, electrical or communications equipment rooms; piping or equipment catwalks; water or sewage treatment pump rooms and stations; electric substations and transformer vaults; and highway and tunnel utility facilities.

11B-203.6 Single occupant structures.

Single occupant structures accessed only by passageways below grade or elevated above standard curb height, including but not limited to, toll booths that are accessed only by underground tunnels, shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route

11B-203.7 Detention and correctional facilities.

In detention and correctional facilities, common use areas that are used only by inmates or detainees and security personnel and that do not serve holding cells or housing cells required to comply with Section 11B-232, shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route

11B-203.8 Residential facilities.

In public housing residential facilities, common use areas that do not serve residential dwelling units required to provide mobility features complying with Sections 11B-809.2 through 11B-809.4 and adaptable features complying with Chapter 11A, Division IV shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route

[2010 ADAS] 203.8 Residential Facilities.  In residential facilities, common use areas that do not serve residential dwelling units required to provide mobility features complying with 809.2 through 809.4 shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route.

11B-203.9 Employee workstations.

Employee workstations shall be on an accessible route complying with Division 4. Spaces and elements within employee workstations shall only be required to comply with Sections 11B-206.2.8 _|Accessible Routes; Employee Work Areas|_, 11B-207.1 _|Accessible Means of Egress; General|_, 11B-215.3 _|Fire Alarm Systems; Employee Work Areas|_, 11B-302 _|Floor or Ground Surfaces|_, 11B-303 _|Changes in Level|_, and 11B-404.2.3 _|Doors, Doorways and Gates;  Clear Width|_. Common use circulation paths within employee workstations shall comply with Section 11B-206.2.8.

[2010 ADAS] 203.9 Employee Work Areas.  Spaces and elements within employee work areas shall only be required to comply with 206.2.8, 207.1, and 215.3 and shall be designed and constructed so that individuals with disabilities can approach, enter, and exit the employee work area. Employee work areas, or portions of employee work areas, other than raised courtroom stations, that are less than 300 square feet (28 m2) and elevated 7 inches (180 mm) or more above the finish floor or ground where the elevation is essential to the function of the space shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route. 

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA requirements included at Section 11B-203.9 are provided for information only. The 2013 CBC scoping requirements do not exempt raised employee work areas, except as specifically mentioned in Section 11B-203, General Exceptions, or elsewhere.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 203.9 Employee Work Areas.  Although areas used exclusively by employees for work are not required to be fully accessible, consider designing such areas to include non-required turning spaces, and provide accessible elements whenever possible. Under the ADA, employees with disabilities are entitled to reasonable accommodations in the workplace; accommodations can include alterations to spaces within the facility. Designing employee work areas to be more accessible at the outset will avoid more costly retrofits when current employees become temporarily or permanently disabled, or when new employees with disabilities are hired. Contact the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) at http://www.eeoc.gov/ for information about title I of the ADA prohibiting discrimination against people with disabilities in the workplace.
11B-203.10 Raised refereeing, judging, and scoring areas.

Raised structures used solely for refereeing, judging, or scoring a sport shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route. An accessible route complying with Division 4 shall be provided to the ground- or floor-level entry points, where provided, of stairs, ladders, or other means of reaching the raised elements or areas. 

11B-203.11 Water slides.

Water slides shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route. An accessible route complying with Division 4 shall be provided to the ground- or floor-level entry points, where provided, of stairs, ladders, or other means of reaching the raised elements or areas. 

11B-203.12 Animal containment areas.

Animal containment areas that are not for public use shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route. Animal containment areas for public use shall be on an accessible route. 

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 203.12 Animal Containment Areas.  Public circulation routes where animals may travel, such as in petting zoos and passageways alongside animal pens in State fairs, are not eligible for the exception.
11B-203.13 Raised boxing or wrestling rings.

Raised boxing or wrestling rings shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route. An accessible route complying with Division 4 shall be provided to the ground- or floor-level entry points, where provided, of stairs, ladders, or other means of reaching the raised elements or areas. 

11B-203.14 Raised diving boards and diving platforms.

Raised diving boards and diving platforms shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route. An accessible route complying with Division 4 shall be provided to the ground- or floor-level entry points, where provided, of stairs, ladders, or other means of reaching the raised elements or areas.

11B-204.1 General.

Protruding objects on circulation paths shall comply with Section 11B-307.

Exceptions:

1.      Within areas of sport activity, protruding objects on circulation paths shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-307.

2.      Within play areas, protruding objects on circulation paths shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-307 provided that ground level accessible routes provide vertical clearance in compliance with Section 11B-1008.2

11B-205.1 General.

Operable parts on accessible elements, accessible routes, and in accessible rooms and spaces shall comply with Section 11B-309.

Exceptions:

1.      Operable parts that are intended for use only by service or maintenance personnel shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-309.

2.      Electrical or communication receptacles serving a dedicated use shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-309.

3.      Reserved.   

[2010 ADAS] 3.  Where two or more outlets are provided in a kitchen above a length of counter top that is uninterrupted by a sink or appliance, one outlet shall not be required to comply with 309.

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA requirement included at Section 11B-205.1 Exception 3 is provided for information only. The 2013 CBC scoping requirement is more inclusive.

4.      Floor electrical receptacles shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-309.

5.      HVAC diffusers shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-309.

6.      Except for light switches, where redundant controls are provided for a single element, one control in each space shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-309.

7.      Cleats and other boat securement devices shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-309.3 _|Operable Parts; Height|_.

8.      Exercise machines and exercise equipment shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-309

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 205.1 General.  Controls covered by 205.1 include, but are not limited to, light switches, circuit breakers, duplexes and other convenience receptacles, environmental and appliance controls, plumbing fixture controls, and security and intercom systems.
11B-206.1 General.

Accessible routes shall be provided in accordance with Section 11B-206 and shall comply with Division 4

11B-206.2 Where required.

Accessible routes shall be provided where required by Section 11B-206.2.

11B-206.2.1 Site arrival points.

At least one accessible route shall be provided within the site from accessible parking spaces and accessible passenger loading zones; public streets and sidewalks; and public transportation stops to the accessible building or facility entrance they serve. Where more than one route is provided, all routes must be accessible. 

[S.H. 1127B.1]
[2010 ADAS] Advisory 206.2.1 Site Arrival Points.  Each site arrival point must be connected by an accessible route to the accessible building entrance or entrances served. Where two or more similar site arrival points, such as bus stops, serve the same accessible entrance or entrances, both bus stops must be on accessible routes. In addition, the accessible routes must serve all of the accessible entrances on the site.

Exceptions:

1.      Reserved.

[2010 ADAS] 1.  Where exceptions for alterations to qualified historic buildings or facilities are permitted by 202.5, no more than one accessible route from a site arrival point to an accessible entrance shall be required.

2.         An accessible route shall not be required between site arrival points and the building or facility entrance if the only means of access between them is a vehicular way not providing pedestrian access.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 206.2.1 Site Arrival Points Exception 2.  Access from site arrival points may include vehicular ways. Where a vehicular way, or a portion of a vehicular way, is provided for pedestrian travel, such as within a shopping center or shopping mall parking lot, this exception does not apply.

3.      General circulation paths shall be permitted when located in close proximity to an accessible route

[ADA Title II] §35.151(i) New Construction and Alterations; Curb Ramps.

(1)    Newly constructed or altered streets, roads, and highways must contain curb ramps or other sloped areas at any intersection having curbs or other barriers to entry from a street level pedestrian walkway.

(2)       Newly constructed or altered street level pedestrian walkways must contain curb ramps or other sloped areas at intersections to streets, roads, or highways

ETA Editor's Note

Requirements for curb ramps, sidewalks and other elements in the public right of way may be covered by other Federal, State or local standards and regulations. The U.S. Department of Transportation and most State departments of transportation are revising their design standards and regulations for the public right of way based on recent research and guidelines being developed by the U.S. Access Board and the Federal Highway Administration. It is the responsibility of the design professional to comply with these public right of way requirements.

11B-206.2.2 Within a site.

At least one accessible route shall connect accessible buildings, accessible facilities, accessible elements, and accessible spaces that are on the same site.

Exception:  An accessible route shall not be required between accessible buildings, accessible facilities, accessible elements, and accessible spaces if the only means of access between them is a vehicular way not providing pedestrian access.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 206.2.2 Within a Site.  An accessible route is required to connect to the boundary of each area of sport activity. Examples of areas of sport activity include: soccer fields, basketball courts, baseball fields, running tracks, skating rinks, and the area surrounding a piece of gymnastic equipment. While the size of an area of sport activity may vary from sport to sport, each includes only the space needed to play. Where multiple sports fields or courts are provided, an accessible route is required to each field or area of sport activity.
11B-206.2.3 Multi-story buildings and facilities.

At least one accessible route shall connect each story and mezzanine in multi-story buildings and facilities.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 206.2.3 Multi-Story Buildings and Facilities.  Spaces and elements located on a level not required to be served by an accessible route must fully comply with this document. While a mezzanine may be a change in level, it is not a story. If an accessible route is required to connect stories within a building or facility, the accessible route must serve all mezzanines.

Exceptions:

1.      The following types of privately funded multistory buildings do not require a ramp or elevator above and below the first floor:

1.1.   Multi-storied office buildings (other than the professional office of a health care provider) and passenger vehicle service stations less than three stories high or less than 3,000 square feet (279 m2) per story.

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Advisory 11B-206.2.3 Multi-story buildings and facilities Exception 1.1.  Elevators are the most common way to provide access in multistory office buildings.  An exception is provided to the access requirement when office buildings are less than three stories in height or have fewer than 3000 square feet (sf) on every floor. For example, a 3-story office building with 4500 sf on the first floor, 2500 sf on the second floor and 1500 sf on the third floor would not qualify for the exception because one of the three floors is not less than 3000 sf.◼

1.2.   Any other privately funded multi-storied building that is not a shopping center, shopping mall or the professional office of a health care provider, or a terminal, depot or other station used for specified public transportation, or an airport passenger terminal and that is less than three stories high or less than 3,000 square feet (279 m2) per story if a reasonable portion of all facilities and accommodations normally sought and used by the public in such a building are accessible to and usable by persons with disabilities.

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Advisory 11B-206.2.3 Multi-story buildings and facilities Exceptions 1.1 and 1.2.  Exceptions 1.1 and 1.2 are only available to privately-funded buildings and do not include a waiver of all other access features required on upper or lower floors.  In other words the exception is only for the elevator; everything else must comply. Many people with non-mobility (for example sight or hearing impairments) or semi-ambulatory conditions are served by the remaining access features required by this code.  Many wheelchair users can get to upper floors through the use of crutches and other assistance, and can use their wheelchair brought to that floor where access to accessible restrooms, hallways, and accommodations are important.◼
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Advisory 11B-206.2.3 Multi-story buildings and facilities Exception 1.2.  What is a reasonable portion? Typically, one of each type of accommodation and functional space that is normally sought or used by the general public which is provided on inaccessible floors must be provided on the ground floor or an accessible floor; for example, equivalent meeting rooms, classrooms, etc.◼
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Advisory 11B-206.2.3 Multi-story buildings and facilities Exception 1.2.  In facilities that house a shopping center or shopping mall, or a professional office of a health care provider on an accessible ground floor, the floors that are above or below the ground floor and that do not house sales or rental establishments or a professional office of a health care provider, must still meet the accessibility requirements of this code, except for elevator service.◼

[2010 ADAS] 1.  In private buildings or facilities that are less than three stories or that have less than 3000 square feet (279 m2) per story, an accessible route shall not be required to connect stories provided that the building or facility is not a shopping center, a shopping mall, the professional office of a health care provider, a terminal, depot or other station used for specified public transportation, an airport passenger terminal, or another type of facility as determined by the Attorney General.

2.      Reserved.

[2010 ADAS] 2.  Where a two story public building or facility has one story with an occupant load of five or fewer persons that does not contain public use space, that story shall not be required to be connected to the story above or below.

3.      In detention and correctional facilities, an accessible route shall not be required to connect stories where cells with mobility features required to comply with Section 11B-807.2, all common use areas serving cells with mobility features required to comply with Section 11B-807.2, and all public use areas are on an accessible route.

4.      In residential facilities, an accessible route shall not be required to connect stories where residential dwelling units with mobility features required to comply with Sections 11B-809.2 through 11B-809.4, residential dwelling units with adaptable features complying with Chapter 11A, Division IV, all common use areas serving residential dwelling units with mobility features required to comply with Sections 11B-809.2 through 11B-809.4, all common use areas serving residential dwelling units with adaptable features complying with Chapter 11A, Division IV, and public use areas serving residential dwelling units are on an accessible route.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 206.2.3 Multi-Story Buildings and Facilities Exception 4.  Where common use areas are provided for the use of residents, it is presumed that all such common use areas "serve" accessible dwelling units unless use is restricted to residents occupying certain dwelling units. For example, if all residents are permitted to use all laundry rooms, then all laundry rooms "serve" accessible dwelling units. However, if the laundry room on the first floor is restricted to use by residents on the first floor, and the second floor laundry room is for use by occupants of the second floor, then first floor accessible units are "served" only by laundry rooms on the first floor. In this example, an accessible route is not required to the second floor provided that all accessible units and all common use areas serving them are on the first floor.

5.      Within multi-story transient lodging guest rooms with mobility features required to comply with Section 11B-806.2, an accessible route shall not be required to connect stories provided that spaces complying with Section 11B-806.2 are on an accessible route and sleeping accommodations for two persons minimum are provided on a story served by an accessible route.

6.      In air traffic control towers, an accessible route shall not be required to serve the cab and the equipment areas on the floor immediately below the cab.

7.      Reserved.

[2010 ADAS] 7.  Where exceptions for alterations to qualified historic buildings or facilities are permitted by 202.5, an accessible route shall not be required to stories located above or below the accessible story.

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA requirements included at the Subsection 11B-206.2.3 Exceptions are provided for information only. The 2013 CBC scoping requirements are more inclusive.

11B-206.2.3.1 Stairs and escalators in existing buildings.

In alterations and additions, where an escalator or stair is provided where none existed previously and major structural modifications are necessary for the installation, an accessible route shall be provided between the levels served by the escalator or stair unless exempted by Section 11B-206.2.3 Exceptions 1 through 7. 

11B-206.2.3.2 Distance to Elevators.

In new construction of buildings where elevators are required by Section 11B-206.2.3, and which exceed 10,000 square feet (929 m2) on any floor, an accessible means of vertical access via ramp, elevator or lift shall be provided within 200 feet (60,960 mm) of travel of each stair and each escalator. In existing buildings that exceed 10,000 square feet (929 m2) on any floor and in which elevators are required by Section 11B-206.2.3, whenever a newly constructed means of vertical access is provided via stairs or an escalator, an accessible means of vertical access via ramp, elevator or lift shall be provided within 200 feet (60,960 mm) of travel of each new stair or escalator. 

Exception: Stairs used solely for emergency egress.

At least one accessible route shall connect accessible building or facility entrances with all accessible spaces and elements within the building or facility, including mezzanines, which are otherwise connected by a circulation path unless exempted by Section 11B-206.2.3 Exceptions 1 through 7.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 206.2.4 Spaces and Elements.  Accessible routes must connect all spaces and elements required to be accessible including, but not limited to, raised areas and speaker platforms.

Exceptions:

1.      Reserved.

[2010 ADAS] 1.  Raised courtroom stations, including judges' benches, clerks' stations, bailiffs' stations, deputy clerks' stations, and court reporters' stations shall not be required to provide vertical access provided that the required clear floor space, maneuvering space, and, if appropriate, electrical service are installed at the time of initial construction to allow future installation of a means of vertical access complying with 405, 407, 408, or 410 without requiring substantial reconstruction of the space.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 206.2.4 Spaces and Elements Exception 1.  The exception does not apply to areas that are likely to be used by members of the public who are not employees of the court such as jury areas, attorney areas, or witness stands.

2.      In assembly areas with fixed seating required to comply with Section 11B-221, an accessible route shall not be required to serve fixed seating where wheelchair spaces required to be on an accessible route are not provided.

3.      Reserved.

[2010 ADAS] 3.  Accessible routes shall not be required to connect mezzanines where buildings or facilities have no more than one story. In additions, accessible routes shall not be required to connect stories or mezzanines where multi-story buildings or facilities are exempted by 206.2.3 Exceptions 1 through 7. 

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA requirements included at the Subsection 11B-206.2.4 Exceptions are provided for information only. The 2013 CBC scoping requirements are more inclusive.

11B-206.2.5 Restaurants, cafeterias, banquet facilities and bars.

In restaurants, cafeterias, banquet facilities, bars, and similar facilities,  an accessible route shall be provided to all functional areas, including raised or sunken  areas, and outdoor areas.

Exceptions:

1.      In alterations of buildings or facilities not required to provide an accessible route between stories, an accessible route shall not be required to a mezzanine dining area where the mezzanine contains less than 25 percent of the total combined area for seating and dining and where the same decor and services are provided in the accessible area.

2.      Reserved.

[2010 ADAS] 2.  In alterations, an accessible route shall not be required to existing raised or sunken dining areas, or to all parts of existing outdoor dining areas where the same services and decor are provided in an accessible space usable by the public and not restricted to use by people with disabilities.

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA requirements included at the Subsection 11B-206.2.5 Exception 2 are provided for information only. The 2013 CBC scoping requirements are more inclusive.

3.      In sports facilities, tiered dining areas providing seating required to comply with Section 11B-221 shall be required to have accessible routes serving at least 25 percent of the dining area provided that accessible routes serve seating complying with Section 11B-221 and each tier is provided with the same services. 

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 206.2.5 Restaurants and Cafeterias Exception 2.  Examples of "same services" include, but are not limited to, bar service, rooms having smoking and non-smoking sections, lotto and other table games, carry-out, and buffet service. Examples of "same decor" include, but are not limited to, seating at or near windows and railings with views, areas designed with a certain theme, party and banquet rooms, and rooms where entertainment is provided.
11B-206.2.6 Performance areas.

Where a circulation path directly connects a performance area to an assembly seating area, an accessible route shall directly connect the assembly seating area with the performance area. An accessible route shall be provided from performance areas to ancillary areas or facilities used by performers unless exempted by Section 11B-206.2.3, Exceptions 1 through 7. 

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Advisory 11B-206.2.6 Performance areas.  Performance areas, including but not limited to, stages, platforms and orchestra pits, are treated as raised or lowered areas within a given story and all are required to be accessible by ramp, elevator or, when allowed, by platform lift. In compliance with Section 11B-206.7.1, wheelchair lifts may be used to access stages, platforms and orchestra pits used as performing areas. These areas are required to be accessible whether temporary or not. 

Generally, the accessible route to the stage shall coincide with the route for the general public per Section 11B-206.3, to the maximum extent feasible.  For example, requiring persons with disabilities to go outside the building and reenter the building to gain access the stage when others have a direct route would not be considered coinciding. ◼

11B-206.2.7 Press boxes.

Press boxes in assembly areas shall be on an accessible route.

Exceptions:

1.      An accessible route shall not be required to press boxes in bleachers that have points of entry at only one level provided that the aggregate area of all press boxes is 500 square feet (46 m2) maximum.

2.      An accessible route shall not be required to free-standing press boxes that are elevated above grade 12 feet (3660 mm) minimum provided that the aggregate area of all press boxes is 500 square feet (46 m2) maximum. 

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 206.2.7 Press Boxes Exception 2.  Where a facility contains multiple assembly areas, the aggregate area of the press boxes in each assembly area is to be calculated separately. For example, if a university has a soccer stadium with three press boxes elevated 12 feet (3660 mm) or more above grade and each press box is 150 square feet (14 m2), then the aggregate area of the soccer stadium press boxes is less than 500 square feet (46 m2) and Exception 2 applies to the soccer stadium. If that same university also has a football stadium with two press boxes elevated 12 feet (3660 mm) or more above grade and one press box is 250 square feet (23 m2), and the second is 275 square feet (26 m2), then the aggregate area of the football stadium press boxes is more than 500 square feet (46 m2) and Exception 2 does not apply to the football stadium.
11B-206.2.8 Employee work areas.

Common use circulation paths within employee work areas shall comply with Section 11B-402.

Exceptions:

1.      Reserved.

[2010 ADAS] 1.  Common use circulation paths located within employee work areas that are less than 1000 square feet (93 m2) and defined by permanently installed partitions, counters, casework, or furnishings shall not be required to comply with 402.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 206.2.8 Employee Work Areas Exception 1.  Modular furniture that is not permanently installed is not directly subject to these requirements. The Department of Justice ADA regulations provide additional guidance regarding the relationship between these requirements and elements that are not part of the built environment. Additionally, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) implements Title I of the ADA which requires non-discrimination in the workplace. EEOC can provide guidance regarding employers' obligations to provide reasonable accommodations for employees with disabilities

2.      Common use circulation paths located within employee work areas that are an integral component of work area equipment shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-402.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 206.2.8 Employee Work Areas Exception 2.  Large pieces of equipment, such as electric turbines or water pumping apparatus, may have stairs and elevated walkways used for overseeing or monitoring purposes which are physically part of the turbine or pump. However, passenger elevators used for vertical transportation between stories are not considered "work area equipment" as defined in 106.5.

3.      Common use circulation paths located within exterior employee work areas that are fully exposed to the weather shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-402

11B-206.2.9 Amusement rides.

Amusement rides required to comply with Section 11B-234 shall provide accessible routes in accordance with Section 11B-206.2.9. Accessible routes serving Amusement Rides shall comply with Division 4 except as modified by Section 11B-1002.2

11B-206.2.9.1 Load and unload areas.

Load and unload areas shall be on an accessible route. Where load and unload areas have more than one loading or unloading position, at least one loading and unloading position shall be on an accessible route.

11B-206.2.9.2 Wheelchair spaces, ride seats designed for transfer, and transfer devices.

When amusement rides are in the load and unload position, wheelchair spaces complying with Section 11B-1002.4, amusement ride seats designed for transfer complying with Section 11B-1002.5, and transfer devices complying with Section 11B-1002.6 shall be on an accessible route. 

11B-206.2.10 Recreational boating facilities.

Boat slips required to comply with Section 11B-235.2 and boarding piers at boat launch ramps required to comply with Section 11B-235.3 shall be on an accessible route. Accessible routes serving recreational boating facilities shall comply with Division 4, except as modified by Section 11B-1003.2

11B-206.2.11 Bowling lanes.

Where bowling lanes are provided, at least 5 percent, but no fewer than one of each type of bowling lane, shall be on an accessible route

11B-206.2.12 Court sports.

In court sports, at least one accessible route shall directly connect both sides of the court. 

11B-206.2.13 Exercise machines and equipment.

Exercise machines and equipment required to comply with 11B-236 shall be on an accessible route

11B-206.2.14 Fishing piers and platforms.

Fishing piers and platforms shall be on an accessible route. Accessible routes serving fishing piers and platforms shall comply with Division 4 except as modified by Section 11B-1005.1

11B-206.2.15 Golf facilities.

At least one accessible route shall connect accessible elements and spaces within the boundary of the golf course. In addition, accessible routes serving golf car rental areas; bag drop areas; course weather shelters complying with Section 11B-238.2.3; course toilet rooms; and practice putting greens, practice teeing grounds, and teeing stations at driving ranges complying with Section 11B-238.3 shall comply with Division 4 except as modified by Section 11B-1006.2.

Exception:  Golf car passages complying with Section 11B-1006.3 shall be permitted to be used for all or part of accessible routes required by Section 11B-206.2.15

11B-206.2.16 Miniature golf facilities.

Holes required to comply with Section 11B-239.2, including the start of play, shall be on an accessible route. Accessible routes serving miniature golf facilities shall comply with Division 4 except as modified by Section 11B-1007.2

11B-206.2.17 Play areas.

Play areas shall provide accessible routes in accordance with Section 11B-206.2.17. Accessible routes serving play areas shall comply with Division 4 except as modified by Section 11B-1008.2

11B-206.2.17.1 Ground level and elevated play components.

At least one accessible route shall be provided within the play area. The accessible route shall connect ground level play components required to comply with Section 11B-240.2.1 and elevated play components required to comply with Section 11B-240.2.2, including entry and exit points of the play components

11B-206.2.17.2 Soft contained play structures.

Where three or fewer entry points are provided for soft contained play structures, at least one entry point shall be on an accessible route. Where four or more entry points are provided for soft contained play structures, at least two entry points shall be on an accessible route

11B-206.2.18 Area of sport activity.

An accessible route shall be provided to the boundary of each area of sport activity.

11B-206.3 Location.

Accessible routes shall coincide with or be located in the same area as general circulation paths. Where circulation paths are interior, required accessible routes shall also be interior. An accessible route shall not pass through kitchens, storage rooms, restrooms, closets or other spaces used for similar purposes, except as permitted by Chapter 10.

U.S. Access Board's Note to Reader:

The Department of Transportation's ADA Standards include additional requirements for the location of accessible routes:

[ADA Title II - Public Transportation] 206.3 Location.  Accessible routes shall coincide with, or be located in the same area as general circulation paths. Where circulation paths are interior, required accessible routes shall also be interior. Elements such as ramps, elevators, or other circulation devices, fare vending or other ticketing areas, and fare collection areas shall be placed to minimize the distance which wheelchair users and other persons who cannot negotiate steps may have to travel compared to the general public.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 206.3 Location.  The accessible route must be in the same area as the general circulation path. This means that circulation paths, such as vehicular ways designed for pedestrian traffic, walks, and unpaved paths that are designed to be routinely used by pedestrians must be accessible or have an accessible route nearby. Additionally, accessible vertical interior circulation must be in the same area as stairs and escalators, not isolated in the back of the facility.
11B-206.4 Entrances.

Entrances shall be provided in accordance with Section 11B-206.4. Entrance doors, doorways, and gates shall comply with Section 11B-404 and shall be on an accessible route complying with Section 11B-402.

Exceptions:

1.      Reserved.

[2010 ADAS] 1.  Where an alteration includes alterations to an entrance, and the building or facility has another entrance complying with 404 that is on an accessible route, the altered entrance shall not be required to comply with 206.4 unless required by 202.4.

2.      Reserved.

[2010 ADAS] 2.  Where exceptions for alterations to qualified historic buildings or facilities are permitted by 202.5, no more than one public entrance shall be required to comply with 206.4. Where no public entrance can comply with 206.4 under criteria established in 202.5 Exception, then either an unlocked entrance not used by the public shall comply with 206.4; or a locked entrance complying with 206.4 with a notification system or remote monitoring shall be provided.

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA requirements included at the Section 11B-206.4 Exceptions are provided for information only. Lacking these Exceptions, the 2013 CBC scoping requirements are more inclusive.

11B-206.4.1 Entrances and exterior ground floor exits.

All entrances and exterior ground-floor exits to buildings and facilities shall comply with Section 11B-404

[2010 ADAS] 206.4.1 Public Entrances.  In addition to entrances required by 206.4.2 through 206.4.9, at least 60 percent of all public entrances shall comply with 404.

Exceptions:

1.      Exterior ground floor exits serving smoke-proof enclosures, stairwells, and exit doors serving stairs only shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-404.

2.      Exits in excess of those required by Chapter 10, and which are more than 24 inches (610 mm)  above grade shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-404. Directional signage shall comply with Chapter 10, Section 1007.10.

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Advisory 11B-206.4.1 Entrances and exterior ground floor exits Exception.  Exits in excess of those required by Chapter 10 and which are more than 24 inches above grade are exempted from the requirement for an accessible route complying with Section 404. The 2013 CBC Section 1011.4 requires such a door to be identified by a tactile exit sign with the following words “EXIT STAIR DOWN” or EXIT STAIR UP”. In an emergency situation much time can be wasted if persons with disabilities must travel the full distance to the inaccessible exit door before there is a sign posted indicating that the exit door is inaccessible. Placing a directional sign or signs along the main accessible route or routes leading to the inaccessible exit door indicating the location of the nearest accessible exit door can save valuable travel time for persons with disabilities attempting to exit a building. The directional signs must comply with the requirements of Section 11B-703.5 for visual characters. ◼

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA requirements included at Subsection 11B-206.4.1 are provided for information. While the 2013 CBC scoping requirements are more inclusive in most cases, there are rare scenarios under which the ADA scoping requirements become more inclusive (e.g., if more than 40 percent of Public Entrances are more than 24 inches above grade).

11B-206.4.2 Parking structure entrances.

Where direct access is provided for pedestrians from a parking structure to a building or facility entrance, each direct access to the building or facility entrance shall comply with Section 11B-404

11B-206.4.3 Entrances from tunnels or elevated walkways.

Where direct access is provided for pedestrians from a pedestrian tunnel or elevated walkway to a building or facility, all entrances to the building or facility from each tunnel or walkway shall comply with Section 11B-404

[2010 ADAS] 206.4.3 Entrances from Tunnels or Elevated Walkways.  Where direct access is provided for pedestrians from a pedestrian tunnel or elevated walkway to a building or facility, at least one direct entrance to the building or facility from each tunnel or walkway shall comply with 404.

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA requirements included at Subsection 11B-206.4.3 are provided for information only. The 2013 CBC scoping requirements are more inclusive.

11B-206.4.4 Transportation facilities.

In addition to the requirements of Sections 11B-206.4.2, 11B-206.4.3, and 11B-206.4.5 through 11B-206.4.9, transportation facilities shall provide entrances in accordance with Section 11B-206.4.4.

11B-206.4.4.1 Location.

In transportation facilities, where different entrances serve different transportation fixed routes or groups of fixed routes, entrances serving each fixed route or group of fixed routes shall comply with Section 11B-404.

[2010 ADAS] 206.4.4.1 Location.  In transportation facilities, where different entrances serve different transportation fixed routes or groups of fixed routes, at least one public entrance serving each fixed route or group of fixed routes shall comply with 404.

Exception:  Entrances to key stations and existing intercity rail stations retrofitted in accordance with 49 CFR 37.49 or 49 CFR 37.51 shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-206.4.4.1

11B-206.4.4.2 Direct connections.

Direct connections to other facilities shall provide an accessible route complying with Section 11B-404 from the point of connection to boarding platforms and all transportation system elements required to be accessible. Any elements provided to facilitate future direct connections shall be on an accessible route connecting boarding platforms and all transportation system elements required to be accessible.

Exception:  In key stations and existing intercity rail stations, existing direct connections shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-404

11B-206.4.4.3 Key stations and intercity rail stations.

Key stations and existing intercity rail stations required by Subpart C of 49 CFR part 37 to be altered, shall have entrances complying with Section 11B-404.

[2010 ADAS] 206.4.4.3 Key Stations and Intercity Rail Stations.  Key stations and existing intercity rail stations required by Subpart C of 49 CFR part 37 to be altered, shall have at least one entrance complying with 404

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA requirements included at Subsection 11B-206.4.4 are provided for information only. The 2013 CBC scoping requirements are more inclusive.

11B-206.4.5 Tenant spaces.

All entrances to each tenancy in a facility shall comply with Section 11B-404

[2010 ADAS] 206.4.5 Tenant Spaces.  At least one accessible entrance to each tenancy in a facility shall comply with 404.

Exception:  Self-service storage facilities not required to comply with Section 11B-225.3 shall not be required to be on an accessible route

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA requirements included at Subsection 11B-206.4.5 are provided for information only. The 2013 CBC scoping requirements are more inclusive.

11B-206.4.6 Residential dwelling unit primary entrance .

In residential dwelling units, at least one primary entrance shall comply with Section 11B-404. The primary entrance to a residential dwelling unit shall not be to a bedroom. 

11B-206.4.7 Restricted entrances.

Where restricted entrances are provided to a building or facility, all restricted entrances to the building or facility shall comply with Section 11B-404

[2010 ADAS] 206.4.7 Restricted Entrances.  Where restricted entrances are provided to a building or facility, at least one restricted entrance to the building or facility shall comply with 404

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA requirements included at Subsection 11B-206.4.7 are provided for information only. The 2013 CBC scoping requirements are more inclusive.

11B-206.4.8 Service entrances.

11B-206.4.8 Service entrances.  If a service entrance is the only entrance to a building or to a tenancy in a facility, that entrance shall comply with Section 11B-404. In existing buildings and facilities, a service entrance shall not be the sole accessible entrance unless it is the only entrance to a building or facility. 

[2010 ADAS] 206.4.8 Service Entrances.  If a service entrance is the only entrance to a building or to a tenancy in a facility, that entrance shall comply with 404

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA requirements included at Subsection 11B-206.4.8 are provided for information only. The 2013 CBC scoping requirements are more inclusive for alterations.

11B-206.4.9 Entrances for inmates or detainees.

Where entrances used only by inmates or detainees and security personnel are provided at judicial facilities, detention facilities, or correctional facilities, at least one such entrance shall comply with Section 11B-404.

11B-206.4.10 Medical care and long-term care facilities.

Weather protection by a canopy or roof overhang shall be provided at a minimum of one accessible entrance to licensed medical care and licensed long-term care facilities where the period of stay may exceed twenty-four hours. The area of weather protection shall include the passenger loading zone complying with Section 11B-209.3 and the accessible route from the passenger loading zone to the accessible entrance it serves. 

[S.H. 1109B.2]
DSA icon
Advisory 11B-206.4.10 Medical care and long-term care facilities.  The purpose of this requirement is to permit a person to exit a vehicle and enter the building under cover. This section requires a covered entrance incorporating an accessible passenger loading zone which must also be covered. ◼

ETA Editor's Note

The Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development (OSHPD), which has jurisdiction over hospitals and long-term care facilities in California, has issued Code Application Notice CAN 2-11B, dated 9/9/14, which includes the following interpretation of Subsection 11B-206.4.10:

Section 11B-206.4.10 requires a minimum of one accessible entrance to be provided with weather protection, passenger loading zone, and vehicle pull-up space.  The code does not require more than one entrance with these features.

1.      The protected accessible entrance is not required to be the primary entrance to the facility.

2.      Only the passenger loading zone is required to be protected from the weather.  The vehicle pull-up space is not required to be protected from the weather.

3.      For existing buildings that do not have a protected accessible entrance, projects subject to Section 11B-202 are not required to provide one.  A protected accessible entrance is required when an addition is proposed for a facility that does not have an existing accessible entrance.  The protected accessible entrance may be provided at the addition or at an appropriate location in the existing building.

At hospitals and long-term care facilities, 1991 ADAAG required an accessible entrance protected from the weather, incorporating a passenger loading zone.  This requirement is no longer present in 2010 ADAS.  Neither ADA nor CBC provide a definition for passenger loading zone.  It seems evident that, where OSHPD uses the term "passenger loading zone" at Item 2 of its interpretation, it is referring to the access aisle, as described at Section 11B-503.3.

11B-206.5 Doors, doorways, and gates.

Doors, doorways, and gates providing user passage shall be provided in accordance with Section 11B-206.5

11B-206.5.1 Entrances.

Each entrance to a building or facility required to comply with Section 11B-206.4 shall comply with Section 11B-404.

[2010 ADAS] 206.5.1 Entrances.  Each entrance to a building or facility required to comply with 206.4 shall have at least one door, doorway, or gate complying with 404.

11B-206.5.2 Rooms and spaces.

Within a building or facility, every door, doorway or gate serving rooms and spaces complying with this chapter shall comply with Section 11B-404.

[2010 ADAS] 206.5.2 Rooms and Spaces.  Within a building or facility, at least one door, doorway, or gate serving each room or space complying with these requirements shall comply with 404

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA requirements included at Subsections 11B-206.5.1 and 11B-206.5.2 are provided for information only. The 2013 CBC scoping requirements are more inclusive.

11B-206.5.3 Transient lodging facilities.

In transient lodging facilities, entrances, doors, and doorways providing user passage into and within guest rooms that are not required to provide mobility features complying with Section 11B-806.2 shall comply with Section 11B-404.2.3 _|Doors, Doorways, and Gates; Clear Width|_.

Exception:  Shower and sauna doors in guest rooms that are not required to provide mobility features complying with Section 11B-806.2 shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-404.2.3.

11B-206.5.4 Residential dwelling units.

In residential dwelling units required to provide mobility features complying with Sections 11B-809.2 through 11B-809.4, all doors and doorways providing user passage shall comply with Section 11B-404.

11B-206.6 Elevators.

Elevators provided for passengers shall comply with Section 11B-407. Where multiple elevators are provided, each elevator shall comply with Section 11B-407.

Exceptions:

1.      In a building or facility permitted to use the exceptions to Section 11B-206.2.3 _|Accessible Routes; Multi-Story Buildings and Facilities|_ or permitted by Section 11B-206.7 to use a platform lift, elevators complying with Section 11B-408 _|Limited-Use/Limited-Application Elevators|_ shall be permitted.

2.      Elevators complying with Section 11B-408 or 11B-409 _|Private Residence Elevators|_ shall be permitted in multi-story residential dwelling units. Elevators provided as a means of access within a private residence shall be installed so that they are not accessible to the general public or to other occupants of the building. 

3.         Destination-oriented elevators complying with Section 11B-411 shall be permitted.

11B-206.6.1 Existing elevators.

Where elements of existing elevators are altered, the same element shall also be altered in all elevators that are programmed to respond to the same hall call control as the altered elevator and shall comply with the requirements of Section 11B-407 for the altered element. 

Exception:  Where a group of existing elevators are altered into a destination-oriented elevator system, or where elements of existing destination-oriented elevators are altered, the same elements shall also be altered in all elevators that are programmed to respond to the same call console or group of call consoles and shall comply with the requirements of Section 11B-411 for the altered elements.

11B-206.7 Platform lifts.

Platform lifts shall comply with Section 11B-410. Platform lifts shall be permitted as a component of an accessible route in new construction in accordance with Section 11B-206.7. Platform lifts shall be permitted as a component of an accessible route in an existing building or facility

11B-206.7.1 Performance areas and speakers’ platforms.

Platform lifts shall be permitted to provide accessible routes to performance areas and speakers’ platforms

11B-206.7.2 Wheelchair spaces.

Platform lifts shall be permitted to provide an accessible route to comply with the wheelchair space dispersion and line-of-sight requirements of Sections 11B-221 _|Assembly Areas|_ and 11B-802 _|Wheelchair Spaces, Companion Seats, and Designated Aisle Seats|_

11B-206.7.3 Incidental spaces.

Platform lifts shall be permitted to provide an accessible route to incidental spaces which are not public use spaces and which are occupied by five persons maximum.

11B-206.7.4 Judicial spaces.

Platform lifts shall be permitted to provide an accessible route to: jury boxes and witness stands; raised courtroom stations including, judges’ benches, clerks’ stations, bailiffs’ stations, deputy clerks’ stations, and court reporters’ stations; and to depressed areas such as the well of a court.

11B-206.7.5 Existing site constraints.

Platform lifts shall be permitted where existing exterior site constraints make use of a ramp or elevator infeasible. 

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 206.7.5 Existing Site Constraints.  This exception applies where topography or other similar existing site constraints necessitate the use of a platform lift as the only feasible alternative. While the site constraint must reflect exterior conditions, the lift can be installed in the interior of a building. For example, a new building constructed between and connected to two existing buildings may have insufficient space to coordinate floor levels and also to provide ramped entry from the public way. In this example, an exterior or interior platform lift could be used to provide an accessible entrance or to coordinate one or more interior floor levels.
11B-206.7.6 Guest rooms and residential dwelling units.

Platform lifts shall be permitted to connect levels within transient lodging guest rooms required to provide mobility features complying with Section 11B-806.2 or residential dwelling units required to provide mobility features complying with Sections 11B-809.2 through 11B-809.4 and adaptable features complying with Chapter 11A, Division IV

[2010 ADAS] 206.7.6 Guest Rooms and Residential Dwelling Units.  Platform lifts shall be permitted to connect levels within transient lodging guest rooms required to provide mobility features complying with 806.2 or residential dwelling units required to provide mobility features complying with 809.2 through 809.4

11B-206.7.7 Amusement rides.

Platform lifts shall be permitted to provide accessible routes to load and unload areas serving amusement rides.

11B-206.7.8 Play areas.

Platform lifts shall be permitted to provide accessible routes to play components or soft contained play structures

11B-206.7.9 Team or player seating.

Platform lifts shall be permitted to provide accessible routes to team or player seating areas serving areas of sport activity. 

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 206.7.9 Team or Player Seating. While the use of platform lifts is allowed, ramps are recommended to provide access to player seating areas serving an area of sport activity.
11B-206.7.10 Recreational boating facilities and fishing piers and platforms.

Platform lifts shall be permitted to be used instead of gangways that are part of accessible routes serving recreational boating facilities and fishing piers and platforms.

11B-206.8 Security barriers.

Security barriers, including but not limited to, security bollards and security check points, shall not obstruct a required accessible route or accessible means of egress.

Exception:  Where security barriers incorporate elements that cannot comply with these requirements such as certain metal detectors, fluoroscopes, or other similar devices, the accessible route shall be permitted to be located adjacent to security screening devices. The accessible route shall permit persons with disabilities passing around security barriers to maintain visual contact with their personal items to the same extent provided others passing through the security barrier. 

11B-207.1 General.

Means of egress shall comply with Chapter 10, Section 1007

[2010 ADAS] 207.1 General. Means of egress shall comply with section 1003.2.13 of the International Building Code (2000 edition and 2001 Supplement) or section 1007 of the International Building Code (2003 edition) (incorporated by reference, see "Referenced Standards" in Chapter 1).

Exceptions:

1.      Where means of egress are permitted by local building or life safety codes to share a common path of egress travel, accessible means of egress shall be permitted to share a common path of egress travel.

2.      Areas of refuge shall not be required in detention and correctional facilities. 

11B-207.2 Platform lifts.

Standby power shall be provided for platform lifts permitted by Chapter 10, Section 1007.5 to serve as a part of an accessible means of egress. To ensure continued operation in case of primary power loss, platform lifts shall be provided with standby power or with self-rechargeable battery power that provides sufficient power to operate all platform lift functions for a minimum of five upward and downward trips. 

[2010 ADAS] 207.2 Platform Lifts.  Standby power shall be provided for platform lifts permitted by section 1003.2.13.4 of the International Building Code (2000 edition and 2001 Supplement) or section 1007.5 of the International Building Code (2003 edition) (incorporated by reference, see "Referenced Standards" in Chapter 1) to serve as a part of an accessible means of egress.

11B-208.1 General.

Where parking spaces are provided, parking spaces shall be provided in accordance with Section 11B-208.

Exception:  Parking spaces used exclusively for buses, trucks, other delivery vehicles,  or vehicular impound shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-208 provided that lots accessed by the public are provided with a passenger loading zone complying with Section 11B-503.

[2010 ADAS] EXCEPTION:  Parking spaces used exclusively for buses, trucks, other delivery vehicles, law enforcement vehicles, or vehicular impound shall not be required to comply with 208 provided that lots accessed by the public are provided with a passenger loading zone complying with 503.

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA Exception included at Section 11B-208.1 is provided for information only. Since the CBC Exception omits parking for law enforcement vehicles, the 2013 CBC scoping requirements are more inclusive.

11B-208.2 Minimum number.

Parking spaces complying with Section 11B-502 shall be provided in accordance with Table 11B-208.2 except as required by Sections 11B-208.2.1, 11B-208.2.2, and 11B-208.2.3. Where more than one parking facility is provided on a site, the number of accessible spaces provided on the site shall be calculated according to the number of spaces required for each parking facility. 

TABLE 11B-208.2 PARKING SPACES

TOTAL NUMBER OF PARKING SPACES PROVIDED IN PARKING FACILITY

MINIMUM NUMBER OF REQUIRED ACCESSIBLE PARKING SPACES

1 to 25

1

26 to 50

2

51 to 75

3

76 to 100

4

101 to 150

5

151 to 200

6

201 to 300

7

301 to 400

8

401 to 500

9

501 to 1000

2 percent of total

1001 and over

20, plus 1 for each 100, or fraction thereof,

over 1000

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 208.2 Minimum Number.  The term "parking facility" is used in 208.2 instead of the term "parking lot" so that it is clear that both parking lots and parking structures are required to comply with this section. The number of parking spaces required to be accessible is to be calculated separately for each parking facility; the required number is not to be based on the total number of parking spaces provided in all of the parking facilities provided on the site.
DSA icon
Advisory 11B-208.2 Minimum number.  Accessible spaces can be provided in other facilities or locations, or, in the case of parking structures, on one level only when equal or greater access is provided in terms of proximity to an accessible entrance, cost, and convenience. For example, accessible spaces required for outlying parking facilities may be located in a parking facility closer to an accessible entrance. The minimum number of spaces must still be determined separately for each facility even if the spaces are to be provided in other facilities or locations. Accessible spaces may be grouped on one level of a parking structure in order to achieve greater access. However, where parking levels serve different building entrances, accessible spaces should be dispersed so that access is provided to each entrance. ◼
11B-208.2.1 Hospital outpatient facilities.

Ten percent of patient and visitor parking spaces provided to serve hospital outpatient facilities, and free-standing buildings providing outpatient clinical services of a hospital, shall comply with Section 11B-502.

[2010 ADAS] 208.2.1 Hospital Outpatient Facilities.  Ten percent of patient and visitor parking spaces provided to serve hospital outpatient facilities shall comply with 502

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 208.2.1 Hospital Outpatient Facilities.  The term "outpatient facility" is not defined in this document but is intended to cover facilities or units that are located in hospitals and that provide regular and continuing medical treatment without an overnight stay. Doctors' offices, independent clinics, or other facilities not located in hospitals are not considered hospital outpatient facilities for purposes of this document.

DSA icon
Advisory 11B-208.2.1 Hospital outpatient facilities.  The higher percentages required for hospital outpatient facilities or rehabilitation facilities specializing in treating conditions that affect mobility and outpatient physical therapy facilities (indicated in Section 11B-208.2.2 below) are intended primarily for visitor and patient parking. If there are separate lots for visitors or patients and employees, the 10% or 20% requirement shall be applied to the visitor/patient lot while accessible parking could be provided in the employee lot according to the general scoping requirement in Table 11B-208.2. If a lot serves both visitors or patients and employees, 10% or 20% of the spaces intended for use by visitors or patients must be accessible.

At hospitals or other facilities where parking does not specifically serve an outpatient unit, only a portion of the lot would need to comply with the 10% scoping requirement. A local zoning code that requires a minimum number of parking spaces according to occupancy type and square footage may be an appropriate guide in assessing the number of spaces in the lot that "belong" to the outpatient unit. These spaces would be held to the 10% requirement while the rest of the lot would be subject to the general scoping requirement in the table. Those accessible spaces required for the outpatient unit should be located at the accessible entrance serving the unit. This method may also be used in applying the 20% requirement to hospitals or other facilities where only a portion or unit provides specialized rehabilitation or physical therapy treatment or services for persons with mobility impairments.◼

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA requirements and Advisory included at Subsection 11B-208.2.1 are provided for information only. Since the CBC requirements include free-standing buildings providing outpatient clinical services of a hospital, the 2013 CBC scoping requirements are more inclusive. However, the meaning of this inclusion appears likely to be debated, prompting DSA-AC and/or OSHPD to provide further guidance.

11B-208.2.2 Rehabilitation facilities and outpatient physical therapy facilities.

Twenty percent of patient and visitor parking spaces provided to serve rehabilitation facilities specializing in treating conditions that affect mobility and outpatient physical therapy facilities shall comply with Section 11B-502

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 208.2.2 Rehabilitation Facilities and Outpatient Physical Therapy Facilities. Conditions that affect mobility include conditions requiring the use or assistance of a brace, cane, crutch, prosthetic device, wheelchair, or powered mobility aid; arthritic, neurological, or orthopedic conditions that severely limit one's ability to walk; respiratory diseases and other conditions which may require the use of portable oxygen; and cardiac conditions that impose significant functional limitations.
11B-208.2.3 Residential facilities.

Parking spaces provided to serve residential facilities shall comply with Section 11B-208.2.3

11B-208.2.3.1 Parking for residents.

Where at least one parking space is provided for each residential dwelling unit, at least one parking space complying with Section 11B-502 shall be provided for each residential dwelling unit required to provide mobility features complying with Sections 11B-809.2 through 11B-809.4

11B-208.2.3.2 Additional parking spaces for residents.

Where the total number of parking spaces provided for each residential dwelling unit exceeds one parking space per residential dwelling unit, 2 percent, but no fewer than one space, of all the parking spaces not covered by Section 11B-208.2.3.1 shall comply with Section 11B-502.

11B-208.2.3.3 Parking for guests, employees, and other non-residents.

Where parking spaces are provided for persons other than residents, parking shall be provided in accordance with Table 11B-208.2.

Note:  When assigned parking is provided, Chapter 11A indicates designated accessible parking for the adaptable residential dwelling units shall be provided on requests of residents with disabilities on the same terms and with the full range of choices (e.g., off-street parking, carport or garage) that are available to other residents.

11B-208.2.4 Van parking spaces.

For every six or fraction of six parking spaces required by Section 11B-208.2 to comply with Section 11B-502, at least one shall be a van parking space complying with Section 11B-502

[S.H. 1129B.3, Item 2]
11B-208.3 Location.

Parking facilities shall comply with Section 11B-208.3. 

11B-208.3.1 General.

Parking spaces complying with Section 11B-502 that serve a particular building or facility shall be located on the shortest accessible route from parking to an entrance complying with Section 11B-206.4. Where parking serves more than one accessible entrance, parking spaces complying with Section 11B-502 shall be dispersed and located on the shortest accessible route to the accessible entrances. In parking facilities that do not serve a particular building or facility, parking spaces complying with Section 11B-502 shall be located on the shortest accessible route to an accessible pedestrian entrance of the parking facility.

Exceptions:

1.      All van parking spaces shall be permitted to be grouped on one level within a multi-story parking facility.

2.      Parking spaces shall be permitted to be located in different parking facilities if substantially equivalent or greater accessibility is provided in terms of distance from an accessible entrance or entrances, parking fee, and user convenience.   

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 208.3.1 General Exception 2.  Factors that could affect "user convenience" include, but are not limited to, protection from the weather, security, lighting, and comparative maintenance of the alternative parking site.
11B-208.3.2 Residential facilities.

In residential facilities containing residential dwelling units required to provide mobility features complying with Sections 11B-809.2 through 11B-809.4, and adaptable features complying with Chapter 11A, Division IV, parking spaces provided in accordance with Section 11B-208.2.3.1 shall be located on the shortest accessible route to the residential dwelling unit entrance they serve. Spaces provided in accordance with Section 11B-208.2.3.2 shall be dispersed throughout all types of parking provided for the residential dwelling units.

[2010 ADAS] 208.3.2 Residential Facilities.  In residential facilities containing residential dwelling units required to provide mobility features complying with 809.2 through 809.4, parking spaces provided in accordance with 208.2.3.1 shall be located on the shortest accessible route to the residential dwelling unit entrance they serve. Spaces provided in accordance with 208.2.3.2 shall be dispersed throughout all types of parking provided for the residential dwelling units.

Exception:  Parking spaces provided in accordance with Section 11B-208.2.3.2 shall not be required to be dispersed throughout all types of parking if substantially equivalent or greater accessibility is provided in terms of distance from an accessible entrance, parking fee, and user convenience. 

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 208.3.2 Residential Facilities Exception.  Factors that could affect "user convenience" include, but are not limited to, protection from the weather, security, lighting, and comparative maintenance of the alternative parking site.
11B-208.3.3 Private garages accessory to residential dwelling units.

Private garages accessory to residential dwelling units shall comply with Section 11B-208.3. Private garages include individual garages and multiple individual garages grouped together.

11B-208.3.3.1 .

Detached private garages accessory to residential dwelling units, shall be accessible as required by Section 11B-208.3

11B-208.3.3.2.

Attached private garages directly serving a single residential dwelling unit shall provide at least one of the following options:

1.      A door leading directly from the residential dwelling unit which immediately enters the garage.

2.      An accessible route from the residential dwelling unit to an exterior door entering the garage.

3.      An accessible route from the residential dwelling unit's primary entry door to the vehicular entrance at the garage.

11B-209.1 General.

Passenger loading zones shall be provided in accordance with Section 11B-209.

11B-209.2 Type.

Where provided, passenger loading zones shall comply with Section 11B-209.2. 

11B-209.2.1 Passenger loading zones.

Passenger loading zones, except those required to comply with Sections 11B-209.2.2 and 11B-209.2.3, shall provide at least one passenger loading zone complying with Section 11B-503 in every continuous 100 linear feet (30480 mm) of loading zone space, or fraction thereof. 

[S.H. 1131B.2, Item 1]
11B-209.2.2 Bus loading zones.

In bus loading zones restricted to use by designated or specified public transportation vehicles, each bus bay, bus stop, or other area designated for lift or ramp deployment shall comply with Section 11B-810.2

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 209.2.2 Bus Loading Zones.  The terms "designated public transportation" and "specified public transportation" are defined by the Department of Transportation at 49 CFR 37.3 in regulations implementing the Americans with Disabilities Act. These terms refer to public transportation services provided by public or private entities, respectively. For example, designated public transportation vehicles include buses and vans operated by public transit agencies, while specified public transportation vehicles include tour and charter buses, taxis and limousines, and hotel shuttles operated by private entities.
11B-209.2.3 On-street bus stops.

On-street bus stops shall comply with Section 11B-810.2 to the maximum extent practicable.

11B-209.3 Medical care and long-term care facilities .

At least one passenger loading zone complying with Section 11B-503 shall be provided at an accessible entrance to licensed medical care and licensed long-term care facilities where the period of stay may exceed twenty-four hours.

11B-209.4 Valet parking.

Parking facilities that provide valet parking services shall provide at least one passenger loading zone complying with Section 11B-503. The parking requirements of 11B-208.1 apply to facilities with valet parking. 

DSA icon
Advisory 11B-209.4 Valet parking.  Valet parking does not eliminate the requirement to provide accessible parking spaces. Some vehicles may be adapted with hand controls or lack a driver’s seat, and may not be operable by a valet parking attendant. The parking space requirements of Sections 11B-208 and 11B-502 apply to facilities with valet parking, including the requirement for an accessible route of travel to the entrance of the facility. In addition, when valet parking is provided, a passenger loading zone complying with Section 11B-503 shall be located on an accessible route of travel to the entrance of the facility. ◼
11B-209.5 Mechanical access parking garages.

Mechanical access parking garages shall provide at least one passenger loading zone complying with Section 11B-503 at vehicle drop-off and vehicle pick-up areas. 

11B-210.1 General.

Interior and exterior stairs shall comply with Section 11B-504

[2010 ADAS] 210.1 General.  Interior and exterior stairs that are part of a means of egress shall comply with 504.

Exceptions:

1.      In detention and correctional facilities, stairs that are not located in public use areas shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-504.

2.      In alterations, stairs between levels that are connected by an accessible route shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-504, except that striping complying with Section 11B-504.4.1 and handrails complying with Section 11B-505 shall be provided when the stairs are altered.

[2010 ADAS] 2.  In alterations, stairs between levels that are connected by an accessible route shall not be required to comply with 504, except that handrails complying with 505 shall be provided when the stairs are altered.

3.      In assembly areas, aisle stairs shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-504 except that striping complying with Section 11B-504.4.1 shall be provided.

[2010 ADAS] 3.  In assembly areas, aisle stairs shall not be required to comply with 504.

4.      Stairs that connect play components shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-504 except that striping complying with Section 11B-504.4.1 shall be provided.

[2010 ADAS] 4.  Stairs that connect play components shall not be required to comply with 504. 

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA requirements included at Section 11B-210.1, including Exceptions, are provided for information only. The 2013 CBC scoping requirements are more inclusive.

11B-211.1 General.

Where drinking fountains are provided on an exterior site, on a floor, or within a secured area they shall be provided in accordance with Section 11B-211.

Exception:  In detention or correctional facilities, drinking fountains only serving holding or housing cells not required to comply with Section 11B-232 shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-211.

11B-211.2 Minimum number.

No fewer than two drinking fountains shall be provided. When provided, one drinking fountain shall comply with Sections 11B-602.1 through 11B-602.611B-602.8 and 11B-602.9 and one drinking fountain shall comply with Sections 11B-602.7 and 11B-602.9.

Exception:  Where a single drinking fountain complies with Sections 11B-602.1 through 11B-602.9, it shall be permitted to be substituted for two separate drinking fountains.

DSA icon
Advisory 11B-211.2 Minimum number.  The 2013 California Plumbing Code (CPC), Table 4-1 provides minimum plumbing fixture requirements for new buildings, and changes of occupancy or use in an existing building resulting in increased occupant load. CPC Table 4-1 should be consulted in conjunction with the requirements of this section. ◼
11B-211.3 More than minimum number.

Where more than the minimum number of drinking fountains specified in Section 11B-211.2 are provided, 50 percent of the total number of drinking fountains provided shall comply with Sections 11B-602.1 through 11B-602.6, 11B-602.8 and 11B-602.9, and 50 percent of the total number of drinking fountains provided shall comply with Section 11B-602.7 and 11B-602.9.

Exception:  Where 50 percent of the drinking fountains yields a fraction, 50 percent shall be permitted to be rounded up or down provided that the total number of drinking fountains complying with Section 11B-211 equals 100 percent of drinking fountains.

11B-212.1 General .

Where provided, kitchens, kitchenettes, wet bars and sinks shall comply with Section 11B-212

11B-212.2 Kitchens, kitchenettes, and wet bars.

Kitchens, kitchenettes and wet bars shall comply with Section 11B-804.

11B-212.3 Sinks.

Where sinks are provided, at least 5 percent, but no fewer than one, of each type provided in each accessible room or space shall comply with Section 11B-606.

Exceptions:

1.      Mop, service or scullery sinks shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-212.3.

2.      Scrub sinks, as defined in California Plumbing Code Section 221.0, shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-606.

[2010 ADAS] EXCEPTION: Mop or service sinks shall not be required to comply with 212.3.

ETA Editor's Note

The definition of "Sink" in 2013 CBC Chapter 2, adopted by DSA-AC, is as follows:  SINK.  A fixed bowl or basin with running water and drainpipe, as in a kitchen or laundry, for washing dishes, clothing, etc. (As differentiated from the definition of "Lavatory".)The definition of "Lavatory" in Chapter 2, also adopted by DSA-AC, is as follows:  LAVATORY.  A fixed bowl or basin with running water and drainpipe, as in a toilet or bathing facility, for washing or bathing purposes. (As differentiated from the definition of "Sink".).  It would appear that the difference is that a "Lavatory" is for washing a part of the body, while a "Sink" is for washing anything else.  It is unclear whether a "Lavatory" can exist in other places than a toilet room or bathroom, even when specifically intended for washing a part of the body.

The ADA requirements and exceptions make no mention of wet bars, scullery sinks or scrub sinks. Both ADA and CBC lack definitions for mop sinks, service sinks and scullery sinks, so their identifications rely upon definitions in collegiate dictionaries (unspecified) per 2013 CBC 11B-106.3. In fact, the 2010 ADAS, as well as 1991 ADAAG, decline to define sinks or lavatories at all.  Oxford American Dictionaries have no definitions for "Mop Sink," "Service Sink" or "Scullery Sink."  "Sink" is defined as:  A fixed basin with a water supply and a drain.  "Lavatory" is defined as:  A sink or washbasin in a bathroom.  The definitions for "Mop" and "Service" are of little use, and "Scullery" is defined as:  A small kitchen or room at the back of a house used for washing dishes and other dirty household work.

The 2013 California Plumbing Code (CPC) definition for "Scrub Sink", referenced in 11B-212.3 Exception 2 is as follows:  Scrub Sink [OSHPD 1, 2, 3 & 4].  Is a sink used to wash and scrub the hands and arms during the septic preparation for surgery and equipped with a supply spout and controls as required for a handwashing fixture. Sensor operated fixtures shall be capable of functioning during loss of normal power CPC does not have a definition for "Sink," "Mop Sink," "Service Sink" or "Scullery Sink," but it does define "Lavatory" as follows:  Lavatory [HCD 1 & HCD 2].  "Lavatory" shall mean a plumbing fixture used for washing the hands, arms, face and head.  This definition has not been adopted by DSA-AC.

The Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development (OSHPD) has expressed (see ETA Editor's Note at 11B-805.6) that it considers the "Handwashing Fixtures" required at such places as exam rooms, nurses' stations and medication preparation rooms to be "Sinks" for accessibility purposes, and not "Lavatories."

Some sink types are unmentioned in ADA and CBC Chapter 11B, including laundry sinks, clinic sinks (with flushing rims), eye wash fixtures, sinks at dental exam rooms used by patients for rinsing, and others. Except for laundry sinks, these are not in locations included in the CBC definitions for "Sink" or "Lavatory":  kitchens, laundries, toilet or bathing facilities.  By their omission, one might infer that accessibility requirements do not apply. However, that is not an entirely safe assumption, particularly since the ADA requirements default to the extremely broad definition of "Sink" found in collegiate dictionaries. It is also noteworthy that many sinks serve multiple purposes, such as those at employee break rooms, craft rooms at senior living centers, or school classrooms.  Those purposes may include washing a part of the body, as well as other items.

These ambiguities have led to much debate as to identification of plumbing fixtures, scoping of accessibility to them, and which technical requirements apply. It is beyond the scope of this Pocket Guide to resolve those issues. It is generally recommended that, before declining to make a sink accessible, consideration should be given to the number of different users and purposes for which the fixture is intended, unless it is specifically exempted from accessibility requirements.

Agencies responsible for promulgating and enforcing accessibility regulations have previously issued guidance, such as DSA-AC's Access Compliance Reference Manual.  When updated, ETA intends to incorporate links and additional material in its Pocket Guide, including external links to ETA's own up-to-date resources and interpretations.

11B-213.1 General.

Where toilet facilities and bathing facilities are provided, they shall comply with Section 11B-213. Where toilet facilities and bathing facilities are provided in facilities permitted by Section 11B-206.2.3 Exception 1 not to connect stories by an accessible route, toilet facilities and bathing facilities shall be provided on a story connected by an accessible route to an accessible entrance

11B-213.1.1 Toilet facilities for designated user groups.

Where separate toilet facilities are provided for the exclusive use of separate user groups, the toilet facilities serving each user group shall comply with Section 11B-213

11B-213.2 Toilet rooms and bathing rooms.

Where toilet rooms are provided, each toilet room shall comply with Section 11B-603. Where bathing rooms are provided, each bathing room shall comply with Section 11B-603.

Exceptions:

1.      In alterations where it is technically infeasible to comply with Section 11B-603, altering existing toilet or bathing rooms shall not be required where a single unisex toilet room or bathing room complying with Section 11B-213.2.1 is provided and located in the same area and on the same floor as existing inaccessible toilet or bathing rooms.

2.      Reserved.

[2010 ADAS] 2.  Where exceptions for alterations to qualified historic buildings or facilities are permitted by 202.5, no fewer than one toilet room for each sex complying with 603 or one unisex toilet room complying with 213.2.1 shall be provided.

3.      Where multiple single user portable toilet or bathing units are clustered at a single location, 5 percent, but no fewer than one, of the toilet units and bathing units at each cluster shall comply with Section 11B-603. Portable toilet units and bathing units complying with Section 11B-603 shall be identified by the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with Section 11B-703.7.2.1.

[2010 ADAS] 3.  Where multiple single user portable toilet or bathing units are clustered at a single location, no more than 5 percent of the toilet units and bathing units at each cluster shall be required to comply with 603. Portable toilet units and bathing units complying with 603 shall be identified by the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with 703.7.2.1.

4.      Where multiple single user toilet rooms are clustered at a single location, 50 percent, but no fewer than one, of the single user toilet rooms for each use at each cluster shall comply with Section 11B-603.

[2010 ADAS] 4.  Where multiple single user toilet rooms are clustered at a single location, no more than 50 percent of the single user toilet rooms for each use at each cluster shall be required to comply with 603.

5.      Where toilet and bathing rooms are provided in guest rooms that are not required to provide mobility features complying with Section 11B-806.2, toilet and bathing fixtures shall only be required to comply with Section 11B-603.6

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 213.2 Toilet Rooms and Bathing Rooms.  These requirements allow use of unisex (or single-user) toilet rooms in alterations when technical infeasibility can be demonstrated. Unisex toilet rooms benefit people who use opposite sex personal care assistants. For this reason, it is advantageous to install unisex toilet rooms in addition to accessible single-sex toilet rooms in new facilities.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 213.2 Toilet Rooms and Bathing Rooms Exceptions 3 and 4.  A “cluster” is a group of toilet rooms proximate to one another. Generally, toilet rooms in a cluster are within sight of, or adjacent to, one another.

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA requirements included at the Section 11B-213.2 Exceptions are provided for information only. The 2013 CBC scoping requirements are more inclusive.

11B-213.2.1 Unisex (single-use or family) toilet and unisex bathing rooms.

Unisex toilet rooms shall contain not more than one lavatory, and not more than two water closets without urinals or one water closet and one urinal. Unisex bathing rooms shall contain one shower or one shower and one bathtub, one lavatory, and one water closet. Doors to unisex toilet rooms and unisex bathing rooms shall have privacy latches.

11B-213.2.2 Unisex (Patient) toilet rooms in medical care and long-term care facilities.

Common-use unisex toilet rooms for exclusive patient use not located within patient bedrooms shall contain a lavatory and one water closet.

11B-213.2.3 Unisex (Patient) bathing rooms in medical care and long-term care facilities.

Common-use unisex bathing rooms for exclusive patient use not located within patient bedrooms shall contain one shower or one bathtub, one lavatory, and one water closet.

11B-213.3 Plumbing fixtures and accessories.

Plumbing fixtures and accessories provided in a toilet room or bathing room required to comply with Section 11B-213.2 shall comply with Section 11B-213.3

DSA icon
Advisory 11B-213.3 Plumbing fixtures and accessories.  The 2013 California Plumbing Code (CPC), Table 4-1 provides minimum plumbing fixture requirements for new buildings, and changes of occupancy or use in an existing building resulting in increased occupant load. CPC Table 4-1 should be consulted in conjunction with the requirements of this section. ◼
11B-213.3.1 Toilet compartments.
[2010 ADAS] Advisory 213.3.1 Toilet Compartments. A toilet compartment is a partitioned space that is located within a toilet room, and that normally contains no more than one water closet. A toilet compartment may also contain a lavatory. A lavatory is a sink provided for hand washing. Full-height partitions and door assemblies can comprise toilet compartments where the minimum required spaces are provided within the compartment.

ETA Editor's Note

The 2013 CBC scoping for toilet compartments was originally the same as 2010 ADAS.  When the July 1, 2015 Supplement to the 2013 CBC was issued, this scoping was increased, thereby exceeding the 2010 ADAS scoping at large multi-user toilet rooms.

[2013 CBC, prior to the Supplement dated July 1, 2015]

11B-213.3.1 Toilet compartments. Where toilet compartments are provided, at least one toilet compartment shall comply with Section 11B-604.8.1 _|Wheelchair Accessible Compartments|_. In addition to the compartment required to comply with Section 11B-604.8.1, at least one compartment shall comply with Section 11B-604.8.2 _|Ambulatory Accessible Compartments|_ where six or more toilet compartments are provided, or where the combination of urinals and water closets totals six or more fixtures.

11B-213.3.2 Water closets.

Where water closets are provided, at least five percent but no fewer than one shall comply with Section 11B-604.

ETA Editor's Note

The 2013 CBC scoping for accessible water closets was originally the same as 2010 ADAS.  When the July 1, 2015 Supplement to the 2013 CBC was issued, this scoping was increased, thereby exceeding the 2010 ADAS scoping.

[2013 CBC, prior to the Supplement dated July 1, 2015]

11B-213.3.2  Water closets.  Where water closets are provided, at least one shall comply with Section 11B-604 _|Water Closets and Toilet Compartments|_.

11B-213.3.3 Urinals.

Where one or more urinals are provided, at least ten percent but no fewer than one shall comply with Section 11B-605.

ETA Editor's Note

The 2013 CBC scoping for accessible urinals was originally similar to 2010 ADAS.  When the July 1, 2015 Supplement to the 2013 CBC was issued, this scoping was increased, thereby exceeding the 2010 ADAS scoping at large multi-user toilet rooms.

[2013 CBC, prior to the Supplement dated July 1, 2015]

11B-213.3.3  Urinals.  Where one or more urinals are provided, at least one shall comply with Section 11B-605 _|Urinals|_.

11B-213.3.4 Lavatories.

Where lavatories are provided, at least ten percent but no fewer than one shall comply with Section 11B-606 and shall not be located in a toilet compartment. 

ETA Editor's Note

With the revisions to scoping requirements in Subsections 11B-213.3.1 through 11B-213.3.4 implemented by the 2013 CBC Supplement dated July 1, 2015, DSA-AC has increased the number of accessible toilet compartments, ambulatory accessible toilet compartments, accessible urinals and accessible lavatories required at very large multi-user toilet rooms.  There is no indication whether existing facilities having toilet rooms that do not comply with the increased scoping will be compelled by the path of travel obligation to upgrade these toilet rooms if alterations are performed to an area served by them.  As currently written, it appears that upgrading, or some form of supplementation agreeable to the AHJ, will be required.

ETA Editor's Note

The 2013 CBC scoping for accessible lavatories was originally greater than 2010 ADAS, but when the July 1, 2015 Supplement to the 2013 CBC was issued, this scoping was doubled from five percent to ten percent, only affecting large multi-user toilet rooms.

[2013 CBC, prior to the Supplement dated July 1, 2015]

11B-213.3.4  Lavatories.  Where lavatories are provided, at least five percent but no fewer than one shall comply with Section 11B-606 _|Lavatories and Sinks|_ and shall not be located in a toilet compartment.

11B-213.3.5 Mirrors.

Where mirrors are provided, at least one shall comply with Section 11B-603.3

11B-213.3.6 Bathing facilities.

Where bathtubs or showers are provided, at least one bathtub complying with Section 11B-607 or at least one shower complying with Section 11B-608 shall be provided. Where two or more accessible showers are provided within the same functional area, at least one shower shall be opposite hand from the other or others (that is, one left-hand controls versus right-hand controls).

[2010 ADAS] 213.3.6 Bathing Facilities.  Where bathtubs or showers are provided, at least one bathtub complying with 607 or at least one shower complying with 608 shall be provided.

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA requirements included at Subsection 11B-213.3.6 are provided for information only. The 2013 CBC scoping requirements are more stringent, since they address not only the quantity of accessible showers, but also their orientation.

11B-213.3.7 Coat hooks and shelves.

Where coat hooks or shelves are provided in toilet rooms without toilet compartments, at least one of each type shall comply with Section 11B-603.4. Where coat hooks or shelves are provided in toilet compartments, at least one of each type complying with Section 11B-604.8.3 shall be provided in toilet compartments required to comply with Section 11B-213.3.1. Where coat hooks or shelves are provided in bathing facilities, at least one of each type complying with Section 11B-603.4 shall serve fixtures required to comply with Section 11B-213.3.6.

11B-214.1 General.

Where provided, washing machines and clothes dryers shall comply with Section 11B-214.

11B-214.2 Washing machines.

Where three or fewer washing machines are provided, at least one shall comply with Section 11B-611. Where more than three washing machines are provided, at least two shall comply with Section 11B-611.

11B-214.3 Clothes dryers.

Where three or fewer clothes dryers are provided, at least one shall comply with Section 11B-611. Where more than three clothes dryers are provided, at least two shall comply with Section 11B-611.

11B-215.1 General.

Where fire alarm systems and carbon monoxide alarm systems provide audible alarm coverage, alarms shall comply with Section 11B-215.

Exception:  In existing facilities, visible alarms for fire alarm systems shall not be required except where an existing fire alarm system is upgraded or replaced, or a new fire alarm system is installed. 

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 215.1 General.  Unlike audible alarms, visible alarms must be located within the space they serve so that the signal is visible. Facility alarm systems (other than fire alarm systems) such as those used for tornado warnings and other emergencies are not required to comply with the technical criteria for alarms in Section 702. Every effort should be made to ensure that such alarms can be differentiated in their signal from fire alarms systems and that people who need to be notified of emergencies are adequately safeguarded. Consult local fire departments and prepare evacuation plans taking into consideration the needs of every building occupant, including people with disabilities.
11B-215.2 Public and common use areas.

Alarms in public use areas and common use areas shall comply with Chapter 9, Section 907.5.2.3.1

[2010 ADAS] 215.2 Public and Common Use Areas.  Alarms in public use areas and common use areas shall comply with 702.

11B-215.3 Employee work areas.

Where employee work areas have audible alarm coverage, the wiring system shall be designed so that visible alarms complying with Chapter 9, Section 907.5.2.3.2 can be integrated into the alarm system. 

[2010 ADAS] 215.3 Employee Work Areas.  Where employee work areas have audible alarm coverage, the wiring system shall be designed so that visible alarms complying with 702 can be integrated into the alarm system.

11B-215.4 Transient lodging.

Guest rooms required to comply with Section 11B-224.4 shall provide fire alarms complying with Chapter 9, Section 907.5.2.3.3, and carbon monoxide alarms, where provided, complying with Chapter 4.

[2010 ADAS] 215.4 Transient Lodging.  Guest rooms required to comply with 224.4 shall provide alarms complying with 702.

11B-215.5 Residential facilities.

Where provided in residential dwelling units required to comply with Section 11B-809.5, fire alarms shall comply with Chapter 9, Section 907.5.2.3.4 and carbon monoxide alarms shall comply with Chapter 4

[2010 ADAS] 215.5 Residential Facilities.  Where provided in residential dwelling units required to comply with 809.5, alarms shall comply with 702.

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA requirements included at Sections 11B-215.2 through 11B-215.5 are provided for information only. 2010 ADAS Section 702 refers to NFPA 72 for the scoping of visible alarms, while CBC Section 907.5.2.3 contains specific scoping.

11B-216.1 General.

New or altered signs shall be provided in accordance with Section 11B-216 and shall comply with Section 11B-703. The addition of or replacement of signs shall not trigger any additional path of travel requirements. 

[2010 ADAS] 216.1 General.  Signs shall be provided in accordance with 216 and shall comply with 703.

Exceptions:

1.      Building directories, menus, seat and row designations in assembly areas, occupant names, building addresses, and company names and logos shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-216.

2.      Reserved.

[2010 ADAS] 2.  In parking facilities, signs shall not be required to comply with 216.2, 216.3, and 216.6 through 216.12.

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA requirements included at Exception 2 are provided for information only. The substantive difference between the 2013 CBC and 2010 ADAS scoping for signage at parking facilities is that signs identifying permanent rooms and spaces, directional and informational signs (except those relating to accessible means of egress), and entrance signs are not required to comply with tactile and/or visible sign requirements by ADAS, while they are required to comply by 2013 CBC. It would be extremely rare for parking facilities to have signs relating to toilets, TTYs, assistive listening systems, etc. anyway. Both CBC and ADAS require signs at parking facilities relating to means of egress (11B-216.4) and parking (11B-216.5) to comply with accessibility requirements.

3.      Temporary, 7 days or less, signs shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-216.

4.      In detention and correctional facilities, signs not located in public use areas shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-216

11B-216.2 Designations.

Interior and exterior signs identifying permanent rooms and spaces shall comply with Sections 11B-703.1 _|Signs; General|_ 11B-703.2 _|Signs; Raised Characters|_, 11B-703.3 _|Braille|_, and 11B-703.5 _|Signs; Visual Characters|_. Where pictograms are provided as designations of permanent rooms and spaces, the pictograms shall comply with Section 11B-703.6 and shall have text descriptors complying with Sections 11B-703.2 and 11B-703.5.

Exception:  Exterior signs that are not located at the door to the space they serve shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-703.2

ETA Editor's Note

The Exception at 11B-216.2 does not mention that Braille is also not required at exterior signs that are not located at the door to the space that they serve, but this is inferable from the fact that the requirement for Braille is contained within 11B-703.2, as are the requirements pertaining to the height and location of tactile signs.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 216.2 Designations.  Section 216.2 applies to signs that provide designations, labels, or names for interior rooms or spaces where the sign is not likely to change over time. Examples include interior signs labeling restrooms, room and floor numbers or letters, and room names. Tactile text descriptors are required for pictograms that are provided to label or identify a permanent room or space. Pictograms that provide information about a room or space, such as "no smoking," occupant logos, and the International Symbol of Accessibility, are not required to have text descriptors.
DSA icon
Advisory 11B-216.2 Designations.  People with visual impairments benefit from tactile signs containing raised characters and/or symbols and accompanying Braille. They also benefit from an orderly scheme of consecutive room numbers for way-finding, though way-finding is not required by code. Tactile exit signs complying with Chapter 10 contribute to a safe environment for people with visual impairments. ◼
11B-216.3 Directional and informational signs.

Signs that provide direction to or information about interior and exterior spaces and facilities of the site shall comply with Section 11B-703.5 _|Signs; Visual Characters|_. 

[2010 ADAS] 216.3 Directional and Informational Signs.  Signs that provide direction to or information about interior spaces and facilities of the site shall comply with 703.5

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 216.3  Directional and Informational Signs. Information about interior spaces and facilities includes rules of conduct, occupant load, and similar signs. Signs providing direction to rooms or spaces include those that identify egress routes.

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA requirements and Advisory included at Section 11B-216.3 are provided for information only. Since the CBC requirements pertain to both interior and exterior signs, the 2013 CBC scoping requirements are more inclusive. It should be noted that exterior signs are likely to be viewed at a greater distance than interior signs, which would affect the prescribed height of visual characters.

11B-216.4 Means of egress.

Signs for means of egress shall comply with Section 11B-216.4

11B-216.4.1 Exit doors.

Signs required by Chapter 10, Section 1011.4 at doors to exit passageways, exit discharge, and exit stairways shall comply with Sections 11B-703.1 _|Signs; General|_ 11B-703.2 _|Signs; Raised Characters|_, 11B-703.3 _|Braille|_, and 11B-703.5 _|Signs; Visual Characters|_

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 216.4.1 Exit Doors.  An exit passageway is a horizontal exit component that is separated from the interior spaces of the building by fire-resistance-rated construction and that leads to the exit discharge or public way. The exit discharge is that portion of an egress system between the termination of an exit and a public way.
11B-216.4.2 Areas of refuge and exterior areas for assisted rescue.

Signs required by Chapter 10, Section 1007.11 to provide instructions in areas of refuge shall comply with Section 11B-703.5 _|Signs; Visual Characters|_. Signs required by Chapter 10, Section 1007.9 at doors to areas of refuge and exterior areas for assisted rescue shall comply with Section 11B-703.5 and include an International Symbol of Accessibility complying with Section 11B-703.7.2.1.

11B-216.4.3 Directional signs.

Signs required by Chapter 10, Section 1007.10 to provide directions to accessible means of egress shall comply with Section 11B-703.5 _|Signs; Visual Characters|_

11B-216.4.4 Delayed egress locks.

Signs required by Chapter 10, Section 1008.1.9.7, item 5.1 at doors with delayed egress locks shall comply with Sections 11B-703.1 _|Signs; General|_ 11B-703.2 _|Signs; Raised Characters|_, 11B-703.3 _|Braille|_, and 11B-703.5 _|Signs; Visual Characters|_.

11B-216.5 Parking.

Signs identifying parking spaces and signs within parking facilities shall comply with Section 11B-216.5.

11B-216.5.1 Parking spaces.

Parking spaces complying with Section 11B-502 shall be identified by signs complying with Section 11B-502.6.

Exceptions:

1.      Reserved.

[2010 ADAS] 1.  Where a total of four or fewer parking spaces, including accessible parking spaces, are provided on a site, identification of accessible parking spaces shall not be required.

2.      In residential facilities, where parking spaces are assigned to specific residential dwelling units, identification of accessible parking spaces shall not be required.

11B-216.5.2 Parking facilities.

Signs intended for use by pedestrians within parking facilities, including directional or informational signs indicating parking sections or levels, shall comply with the requirements of Section 11B-216.

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA requirements included at Section 11B-216.5 Exception 1 are provided for information only. Lacking this Exception, the 2013 CBC scoping requirements are more inclusive.

11B-216.6 Entrances.

In existing buildings and facilities where not all entrances comply with Section 11B-404, entrances complying with Section 11B-404 shall be identified by the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with Section 11B-703.7.2.1. Directional signs complying with Section 11B-703.5 _|Signs; Visual Characters|_ that indicate the location of the nearest entrance complying with Section 11B-404 shall be provided at entrances that do not comply with Section 11B-404. Directional signs complying with Section 11B-703.5, including the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with Section 11B-703.7.2.1, indicating the accessible route to the nearest accessible entrance shall be provided at junctions when the accessible route diverges from the regular circulation path

[2010 ADAS] 216.6 Entrances.  Where not all entrances comply with 404, entrances complying with 404 shall be identified by the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with 703.7.2.1. Directional signs complying with 703.5 that indicate the location of the nearest entrance complying with 404 shall be provided at entrances that do not comply with 404.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 216.6 Entrances.  Where a directional sign is required, it should be located to minimize backtracking. In some cases, this could mean locating a sign at the beginning of a route, not just at the inaccessible entrances to a building.

DSA icon
Advisory 11B-216.6 Entrances.  Directional signs are needed where the accessible route diverges from the route for the general public and should be located at decision points (for example where the path to the stairs diverges from the path to an elevator or ramp). Directional signs are not needed where paths are equal and/or readily apparent. The signage program should be designed to consider differing uses of a facility which occur at different times of the day. For example, portions of a facility may be closed in the evening; appropriate signage should be provided to give adequate direction during these hours of use in addition to the typical operational hours.

The sign program should be designed to provide the appropriate level of signage at points necessary for convenient navigation around the site. Too many signs can be confusing to everyone utilizing the site.◼

Exceptions:

1.      An International Symbol of Accessibility is not required at entrances to individual rooms, suites, offices, sales or rental establishments, or other such spaces when all entrances to the building or facility are accessible and persons entering the building or facility have passed through one or more entrances with signage complying with this section.

2.      An International Symbol of Accessibility is not required at entrances to machinery spaces frequented only by service personnel for maintenance, repair, or occasional monitoring of equipment; for example, elevator pits or elevator penthouses; mechanical, electrical or communications equipment rooms; piping or equipment catwalks; electric substations and transformer vaults; and highway and tunnel utility facilities.

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA requirements and Advisory included at Section 11B-216.6 are provided for information only. The ADA requirements do not include Exceptions 1 and 2, but it should be noted that doors or gates to such places as elevator pits and the other places listed in Exception 2 would not normally be considered entrances.

11B-216.7 Elevators.

Where existing elevators do not comply with Section 11B-407, elevators complying with Section 11B-407 shall be clearly identified with the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with Section 11B-703.7.2.1. Existing buildings that have been remodeled to provide specific elevators for public use that comply with these building standards shall have the location of and the directions to these elevators posted in the building lobby on a sign complying with Section 11B-703.5 _|Signs; Visual Characters|_, including the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with Section 11B-703.7.2.1.

[2010 ADAS] 216.7 Elevators.  Where existing elevators do not comply with 407, elevators complying with 407 shall be clearly identified with the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with 703.7.2.1

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA requirements included at Section 11B-216.7 are provided for information only. The 2013 CBC scoping requirements are more inclusive.

11B-216.8 Toilet rooms and bathing rooms.

Entrances to toilet rooms and bathing rooms shall be identified by a geometric symbol complying with Section 11B-703.7.2.6. Where existing toilet rooms or bathing rooms do not comply with Section 11B-603, directional signs indicating the location of the nearest toilet room or bathing room complying with Section 11B-603 within the facility shall be provided. Signs shall comply with Section 11B-703.5 _|Signs; Visual Characters|_ and shall include the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with Section 11B-703.7.2.1. Where existing toilet rooms or bathing rooms do not comply with Section 11B-603, the toilet rooms or bathing rooms complying with Section 11B-603 shall be identified by the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with Section 11B-703.7.2.1. Where clustered single user toilet rooms or bathing facilities are permitted to use exceptions to Section 11B-213.2, toilet rooms or bathing facilities complying with Section 11B-603 shall be identified by the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with Section 11B-703.7.2.1 unless all toilet rooms and bathing facilities comply with Section 11B-603. Existing buildings that have been remodeled to provide specific toilet rooms or bathing rooms for public use that comply with these building standards shall have the location of and the directions to these rooms posted in or near  the building lobby or entrance on a sign complying with Section 11B-703.5, including the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with Section 11B-703.7.2.1.

[2010 ADAS] 216.8 Toilet Rooms and Bathing Rooms.  Where existing toilet rooms or bathing rooms do not comply with 603, directional signs indicating the location of the nearest toilet room or bathing room complying with 603 within the facility shall be provided. Signs shall comply with 703.5 and shall include the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with 703.7.2.1. Where existing toilet rooms or bathing rooms do not comply with 603, the toilet rooms or bathing rooms complying with 603 shall be identified by the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with 703.7.2.1. Where clustered single user toilet rooms or bathing facilities are permitted to use exceptions to 213.2, toilet rooms or bathing facilities complying with 603 shall be identified by the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with 703.7.2.1 unless all toilet rooms and bathing facilities comply with 603

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA requirements included at Section 11B-216.8 are provided for information only. The 2013 CBC scoping requirements are more inclusive.

11B-216.9 TTYs.

Identification and directional signs for public TTYs shall be provided in accordance with Section 11B-216.9. 

11B-216.9.1 Identification signs.

Public TTYs shall be identified by the International Symbol of TTY complying with Section 11B-703.7.2.2

11B-216.9.2 Directional signs.

Directional signs indicating the location of the nearest public TTY shall be provided at all banks of public pay telephones not containing a public TTY. In addition, where signs provide direction to public pay telephones, they shall also provide direction to public TTYs. If a facility has no banks of telephones, the directional signage shall be provided at the entrance or in a building directory. Directional signs shall comply with Section 11B-703.5 _|Signs; Visual Characters|_ and shall include the International Symbol of TTY complying with Section 11B-703.7.2.2.

[2010 ADAS] 216.9.2 Directional Signs.  Directional signs indicating the location of the nearest public TTY shall be provided at all banks of public pay telephones not containing a public TTY. In addition, where signs provide direction to public pay telephones, they shall also provide direction to public TTYs. Directional signs shall comply with 703.5 and shall include the International Symbol of TTY complying with 703.7.2.2

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA requirements included at Section 11B-216.9 are provided for information only. The 2013 CBC scoping requirements are more definitive regarding banks of public telephones.

11B-216.10 Assistive listening systems.

Each assembly area required by Section 11B-219 to provide assistive listening systems shall provide signs informing patrons of the availability of the assistive listening system. The sign shall include wording that states “Assistive-Listening System Available” and shall be posted in a prominent place at or near the assembly area entrance. Assistive listening signs shall comply with Section 11B-703.5 _|Signs; Visual Characters|_ and shall include the International Symbol of Access for Hearing Loss complying with Section 11B-703.7.2.4

DSA icon
Advisory 11B-216.10 Assistive listening systems.  The term "prominent place" means a place that arriving persons would easily notice. It is helpful, though not required, to identify the location or person to contact for obtaining the system on the sign. Note that a tactile sign is not required by this section. ◼

[2010 ADAS] 216.10 Assistive Listening Systems.  Each assembly area required by 219 to provide assistive listening systems shall provide signs informing patrons of the availability of the assistive listening system. Assistive listening signs shall comply with 703.5 and shall include the International Symbol of Access for Hearing Loss complying with 703.7.2.4.

Exception:  Where ticket offices or windows are provided, signs shall not be required at each assembly area provided that signs are displayed at each ticket office or window informing patrons of the availability of assistive listening systems

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA requirements included at Section 11B-216.10 are provided for information only. The 2013 CBC scoping requirements are more definitive regarding sign wording.

11B-216.11 Check-out aisles.

Where more than one check-out aisle is provided, check-out aisles complying with Section 11B-904.3 shall be identified by a sign complying with Section 11B-904.3.4. Where check-out aisles are identified by numbers, letters, or functions, signs identifying check-out aisles complying with Section 11B-904.3 shall be located in the same location as the check-out aisle identification. 

[2010 ADAS] 216.11 Check-Out Aisles.  Where more than one check-out aisle is provided, check-out aisles complying with 904.3 shall be identified by the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with 703.7.2.1. Where check-out aisles are identified by numbers, letters, or functions, signs identifying check-out aisles complying with 904.3 shall be located in the same location as the check-out aisle identification.

EXCEPTION: Where all check-out aisles comply with Section 11B-904.3, signs complying with Section 11B-703.7.2.1 shall not be required. 

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA requirements included at Section 11B-216.11 are provided for information only. The referenced 2013 CBC identification signage requirements are more definitive regarding sign size and placement.

11B-216.12 Amusement rides.

Signs identifying the type of access provided on amusement rides shall be provided at entries to queues and waiting lines. In addition, where accessible unload areas also serve as accessible load areas, signs indicating the location of the accessible load and unload areas shall be provided at entries to queues and waiting lines. Signs shall comply with Section 11B-703.5 _|Signs; Visual Characters|_ and shall include the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with Section 11B-703.7.2.1

[2010 ADAS] 216.12 Amusement Rides.  Signs identifying the type of access provided on amusement rides shall be provided at entries to queues and waiting lines. In addition, where accessible unload areas also serve as accessible load areas, signs indicating the location of the accessible load and unload areas shall be provided at entries to queues and waiting lines.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 216.12 Amusement Rides.  Amusement rides designed primarily for children, amusement rides that are controlled or operated by the rider, and amusement rides without seats, are not required to provide wheelchair spaces, transfer seats, or transfer systems, and need not meet the sign requirements in 216.12. The load and unload areas of these rides must, however, be on an accessible route and must provide turning space

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA requirements included at Section 11B-216.12 are provided for information only. The 2013 CBC signage requirements are more definitive regarding sign characteristics.

11B-216.13.1 Use of Cleaner Air Symbol.

Use of the Cleaner Air Symbol is voluntary. Where publicly funded facilities or any facilities leased or rented by the State of California, not including concessionaires, comply with the conditions of use identified in Section 11B-216.13.3, a Cleaner Air Symbol complying with Section 11B-703.7.2.5 is permitted to be posted in compliance with Section 11B-216.3 to indicate rooms, facilities, and path of travels that are accessible to and usable by people who are adversely impacted by airborne chemicals or particulates and/or the use of electrical fixtures and/or devices.

11B-216.13.2 Removal of Cleaner Air Symbol.

If the path of travel, room and/or facility identified by the Cleaner Air Symbol should temporarily or permanently cease to meet the minimum conditions of use identified in Section 11B-216.13.3, the Cleaner Air Symbol shall be removed and shall not be replaced until the minimum conditions are again met. 

11B-216.13.3 Conditions of use.

The Cleaner Air Symbol shall be permitted for use to identify a path of travel, and a room or a facility when the following is met

1.      Floor or wall coverings, floor or wall covering adhesives, carpets, formaldehyde-emitting particleboard cabinetry, cupboards or doors have not been installed or replaced in the previous 12 months.

2.      Incandescent lighting provided in lieu of fluorescent or halogen lighting, and electrical systems and equipment shall be operable by or on behalf of the occupant or user of the room, facility or path of travel.

3.      Heating, ventilation, air conditioning and their controls shall be operable by or on behalf of the occupant or user.

4.      To maintain “cleaner air” designation only nonirritating, nontoxic products will be used in cleaning, maintenance, disinfection, pest management or for any minimal touch-ups that are essential for occupancy of the area. Deodorizers or Fragrance Emission Devices and Systems (FEDS) shall not be used in the designated area. Pest control practices for cleaner air areas shall include the use of bait stations using boric acid, sticky traps and silicon caulk for sealing cracks and crevices. Areas shall be routinely monitored for pest problems. Additional nontoxic treatment methods, such as temperature extremes for termites, may be employed in the event of more urgent problems. These pest control practices shall not be used 48 hours prior to placement of the sign, and the facility shall be ventilated with outside air for a minimum of 24 hours following use or application.

5.      Signage shall be posted requesting occupants or users not to smoke or wear perfumes, colognes or scented personal care products. Fragranced products shall not be used in the designated cleaner-air room, facility or path of travel.

6.      A log shall be maintained on site, accessible to the public either in person or by telephone, e-mail, fax or other accessible means as requested. One or more individuals shall be designated to maintain the log. The log shall record any product or practice used in the cleaner air designated room, facility or path of travel, as well as scheduled activities, that may impact the cleaner air designation. The log shall also include the product label as well as the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS).

11B-216.14 Variable message signs.

Where provided in transportation facilities, variable message signs conveying transportation-related information shall comply with Section 11B-703.8. Where provided in buildings that are designed as emergency shelters, variable message signs conveying emergency-related information shall comply with Section 11B-703.8.

ETA Editor's Note

Variable message signs (VMS) were not addressed by the original 2013 CBC.  Scoping requirements for VMS were added by creating a new Subsection 11B-216.14 when the July 1, 2015 Supplement was issued.  This scoping, which is unchanged in 2016 CBC, except for renumbering, only applies to signs conveying transportation-related information at transportation facilities, and signs conveying emergency-related information at emergency shelters, so this Safe Harbor will have extremely narrow pertinence.  The technical requirements for VMS were also added under the July 1, 2015 Supplement by creating new Subsection 11B-703.8, and definitions were added in CBC Chapter 2.  These are also unchanged in 2016 CBC.

11B-217.1 General.

Where coin-operated public pay telephones, coinless public pay telephones, public closed-circuit telephones, public courtesy phones, or other types of public telephones are provided, public telephones shall be provided in accordance with Section 11B-217 for each type of public telephone provided. For purposes of this section, a bank of telephones shall be considered to be two or more adjacent telephones. 

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 217.1 General.  These requirements apply to all types of public telephones including courtesy phones at airports and rail stations that provide a free direct connection to hotels, transportation services, and tourist attractions.
11B-217.2 Wheelchair accessible telephones.

Where public telephones are provided, wheelchair accessible telephones complying with Section 11B-704.2 shall be provided in accordance with Table 11B-217.2.

Exception:  Drive-up only public telephones shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-217.2. 

TABLE 11B-217.2 WHEELCHAIR ACCESSIBLE TELEPHONES

NUMBER OF TELEPHONES PROVIDED ON A FLOOR, LEVEL, OR EXTERIOR SITE

MINIMUM NUMBER OF REQUIRED WHEELCHAIR ACCESSIBLE TELEPHONES

1 or more single units

At least 50 percent of telephone units, but not less than 1 per floor, level, and exterior site

[2010 ADAS] 1 per floor, level, and exterior site

1 bank

At least 50 percent of telephone units per bank, but not less than 1 per floor, level, and exterior site

[2010 ADAS] 1 per floor, level, and exterior site

2 or more banks

At least 50 percent of telephone units per bank, but not less than 1 per bank

At least 1 telephone per floor shall meet the requirements for a forward reach telephone.

[2010 ADAS] 1 per bank

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA requirements included at Table 11B-217.2 are provided for information only. The 2013 CBC scoping requirements are more inclusive.

11B-217.3 Volume controls.

All public telephones shall have volume controls complying with Section 11B-704.3.

[S.H. 1117B.2.8]

11B-217.4 TTYs. TTYs complying with Section 11B-704.4 shall be provided in accordance with Section 11B-217.4. [S.H. 1117B.2.9; See also Safe Harbor link at 11B-217.4.7 - Transportation Facilities.]

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 217.4 TTYs. Separate requirements are provided based on the number of public pay telephones provided at a bank of telephones, within a floor, a building, or on a site. In some instances one TTY can be used to satisfy more than one of these requirements. For example, a TTY required for a bank can satisfy the requirements for a building. However, the requirement for at least one TTY on an exterior site cannot be met by installing a TTY in a bank inside a building. Consideration should be given to phone systems that can accommodate both digital and analog transmissions for compatibility with digital and analog TTYs.
11B-217.4.1 Bank requirement.

Where four or more public pay telephones are provided at a bank of telephones, at least one public TTY complying with Section 11B-704.4 shall be provided at that bank.

Exception:  Reserved.

[2010 ADAS] EXCEPTION:  TTYs shall not be required at banks of telephones located within 200 feet (61 m) of, and on the same floor as, a bank containing a public TTY. 

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA Exception included at Subsection 11B-217.4.1 is provided for information only. Lacking this Exception, the 2013 CBC scoping requirements are more inclusive.

11B-217.4.2 Floor requirement.

TTYs in public buildings shall be provided in accordance with Section 11B-217.4.2.1. TTYs in private buildings shall be provided in accordance with Section 11B-217.4.2.2

11B-217.4.2.1 Public buildings.

Where at least one public pay telephone is provided on a floor of a public building, at least one public TTY shall be provided on that floor. 

11B-217.4.2.2 Private buildings.

Where four or more public pay telephones are provided on a floor of a private building, at least one public TTY shall be provided on that floor. 

11B-217.4.3 Building requirement.

TTYs in public buildings shall be provided in accordance with Section 11B-217.4.3.1. TTYs in private buildings shall be provided in accordance with Section 11B-217.4.3.2

11B-217.4.3.1 Public buildings.

Where at least one public pay telephone is provided in a public building, at least one public TTY shall be provided in the building. Where at least one public pay telephone is provided in a public use area of a public building, at least one public TTY shall be provided in the public building in a public use area. 

11B-217.4.3.2 Private buildings.

Where four or more public pay telephones are provided in a private building, at least one public TTY shall be provided in the building.

Exception:  In a stadium or arena, in a convention center, in a hotel with a convention center or in a covered mall, if an interior public pay telephone is provided at least one interior public TTY shall be provided in the facility.

11B-217.4.4 Exterior site requirement.

Where four or more public pay telephones are provided on an exterior site, at least one public TTY shall be provided on the site.

11B-217.4.5 Rest stops, emergency roadside stops, and service plazas.

Where at least one public pay telephone is provided at a public rest stop, emergency roadside stop, or service plaza, at least one public TTY shall be provided.

11B-217.4.6 Hospitals.

Where at least one public pay telephone is provided serving a hospital emergency room, hospital recovery room, or hospital waiting room, at least one public TTY shall be provided at each location. 

11B-217.4.7 Transportation facilities.

In transportation facilities, in addition to the requirements of Sections 11B-217.4.1 through 11B-217.4.4, where at least one public pay telephone serves a particular entrance to a bus or rail facility, at least one public TTY shall be provided to serve that entrance. In airports, in addition to the requirements of Sections 11B-217.4.1 through 11B-217.4.4, where four or more public pay telephones are located in a terminal outside the security areas, a concourse within the security areas, or a baggage claim area in a terminal, at least one public TTY shall be provided in each location. 

[S.H. 1121B.3.1, Item 12]
11B-217.4.8 Detention and correctional facilities.

In detention and correctional facilities, where at least one pay telephone is provided in a secured area used only by detainees or inmates and security personnel, at least one TTY shall be provided in at least one secured area. 

11B-217.5 Shelves for portable TTYs.

Where a bank of telephones in the interior of a building consists of three or more public pay telephones, at least one public pay telephone at the bank shall be provided with a shelf and an electrical outlet in accordance with Section 11B-704.5.

Exceptions:

1.      Secured areas of detention and correctional facilities where shelves and outlets are prohibited for purposes of security or safety shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-217.5.

2.      The shelf and electrical outlet shall not be required at a bank of telephones with a TTY

11B-218.1 General.

Transportation facilities shall comply with Section 11B-218.

11B-218.2 New and altered fixed guideway stations.

New and altered stations in rapid rail, light rail, commuter rail, intercity rail, high speed rail, and other fixed guideway systems shall comply with Sections 11B-810.5 through 11B-810.10

11B-218.3 Key stations and existing intercity rail stations.

Key stations and existing intercity rail stations shall comply with Sections 11B-810.5 through 11B-810.10

11B-218.4 Bus shelters.

Where provided, bus shelters shall comply with Section 11B-810.3

11B-218.5 Other transportation facilities.

In other transportation facilities, public address systems shall comply with Section 11B-810.7 and clocks shall comply with Section 11B-810.8

11B-219.1 General.

Assistive listening systems shall be provided in accordance with Section 11B-219 and shall comply with Section 11B-706

11B-219.2 Required systems.

An assistive listening system shall be provided in assembly areas, including conference and meeting rooms.

[2010 ADAS] 219.2 Required Systems.  In each assembly area where audible communication is integral to the use of the space, an assistive listening system shall be provided.

Exception:  This section does not apply to systems used exclusively for paging, background music, or a combination of these two uses.

[2010 ADAS] EXCEPTION:  Other than in courtrooms, assistive listening systems shall not be required where audio amplification is not provided

11B-219.3 Receivers.

The minimum number of receivers to be provided shall be equal to 4 percent of the total number of seats, but in no case less than two. Twenty-five percent minimum of receivers provided, but no fewer than two, shall be hearing-aid compatible in accordance with Section 11B-706.3

[2010 ADAS] 219.3 Receivers.  Receivers complying with 706.2 shall be provided for assistive listening systems in each assembly area in accordance with Table 219.3. Twenty-five percent minimum of receivers provided, but no fewer than two, shall be hearing-aid compatible in accordance with 706.3.

Exceptions:

1.      Where a building contains more than one assembly area and the assembly areas required to provide assistive listening systems are under one management, the total number of required receivers shall be permitted to be calculated according to the total number of seats in the assembly areas in the building provided that all receivers are usable with all systems.

2.      Where all seats in an assembly area are served by an induction loop assistive listening system, the minimum number of receivers required by Section 11B-219.3 to be hearing-aid compatible shall not be required to be provided. 

[2010 ADAS] Table 219.3 Receivers for Assistive Listening Systems

Capacity of Seating in Assembly Area

Minimum Number of Required Receivers

Minimum Number of Required Receivers Required to be Hearing-aid Compatible

50 or less

2

2

51 to 200

2, plus 1 per 25 seats over 50 seats  1

2

201 to 500

2, plus 1 per 25 seats over 50 seats  1

1 per 4 receivers  1

501 to 1000

20, plus 1 per 33 seats over 500 seats  1

1 per 4 receivers  1

1001 to 2000

35, plus 1 per 50 seats over 1000 seats  1

1 per 4 receivers  1

2001 and over

55 plus 1 per 100 seats over 2000 seats  1

1 per 4 receivers  1

11B-219.4 Location.

If the assistive-listening system provided is limited to specific areas or seats, then such areas or seats shall be within a 50-foot (15240 mm) viewing distance of the stage or playing area and shall have a complete view of the stage or playing area. 

DSA icon
Advisory 11B-219.4 Location.  Sitting in close proximity to the performing area benefits persons with hearing impairments by allowing them to lip-read and better see the facial expressions of performers. ◼
11B-219.5 Permanent and portable systems.

Permanently installed assistive-listening systems are required in areas if (1) they accommodate at least 50 persons or if they have audio-amplification systems, and (2) they have fixed seating. If portable assistive-listening systems are used for conference or meeting rooms, the system may serve more than one room. An adequate number of electrical outlets or other supplementary wiring necessary to support a portable assistive-listening system shall be provided.

DSA icon
Advisory 11B-219.5 Permanent and portable systems.  The California Building Code (CBC) requires permanently installed assistive listening systems in those assembly areas where audible communication is integral to the use of a space (movie theaters, concert and lecture halls, playhouses, meeting rooms, etc.); where fixed seating is provided and where there may be an audio-amplification system. For other assembly areas, such as those without fixed seating, the CBC requires either a permanently installed system or a portable system. If a portable system is provided an adequate number of electrical outlets or other supplementary wiring to support the system is required. While this provision does not necessarily require the addition of electrical outlets, consideration should be given to locating outlets to support dispersion of seating available for individuals using the assistive listening systems. ◼

Assembly Areas

With Room Occupancy Under 50

(where audible communication is integral to the use of the space)

Audio-Amplification System Provided?

Fixed Seating Provided?

Required:

no

n/a

outlets or wiring

yes

no

outlets or wiring

yes

yes

permanent system

 

Assembly Areas

With Room Occupancy Over 50

(where audible communication is integral to the use of the space)

Fixed Seating Provided?

Required:

yes

permanent system

no

outlets or wiring

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA requirements included at Section 11B-219 are provided for information only. The 2013 CBC scoping requirements are more inclusive.  The 2010 ADAS Exception at Section 219.2 clarifies that, except for courtrooms, the ADA scoping for assistive listening systems is limited to assembly areas where audio amplification is utilized, either permanent or portable, since this type of equipment is necessary to transmit a signal to the receiver (see ASSISTIVE LISTENING SYSTEM definition in Chapter 2).  The 2013 CBC rewording of Section 11B-219.2 and its Exception makes this prerequisite less clear, and therefore the calculation of the required number of receivers may need to be negotiated with the Authority Having Jurisdiction.

11B-220 AUTOMATIC TELLER MACHINES, FARE MACHINES AND POINT-OF-SALE DEVICES.

[2010 ADAS] 220 Automatic Teller Machines and Fare Machines

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA requirements included at Section 11B-220 are provided for information only. The 2013 CBC scoping requirements are more inclusive.

11B-220.1 Automatic teller machines and fare machines.

Where automatic teller machines or self-service fare vending, collection, or adjustment machines are provided they shall comply with Section 11B-220.1. Where bins are provided for envelopes, waste paper, or other purposes, at least one of each type shall comply with Section 11B-811.   

[2010 ADAS] 220.1 General.  Where automatic teller machines or self-service fare vending, collection, or adjustment machines are provided, at least one of each type provided at each location shall comply with 707. Where bins are provided for envelopes, waste paper, or other purposes, at least one of each type shall comply with 811.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 220.1 General.  If a bank provides both interior and exterior ATMs, each such installation is considered a separate location. Accessible ATMs, including those with speech and those that are within reach of people who use wheelchairs, must provide all the functions provided to customers at that location at all times. For example, it is unacceptable for the accessible ATM only to provide cash withdrawals while inaccessible ATMs also sell theater tickets.
11B-220.1.1 One automatic teller machine or fare machine.

Where one automatic teller machine or fare machine is provided at a location, it shall comply with Sections 11B-707.2 through 11B-707.8

11B-220.1.2 Two automatic teller machines or fare machines.

Where two automatic teller machines or fare machines are provided at a location, one shall comply with Sections 11B-707.2 through 11B-707.8 and one shall comply with Sections 11B-309 _|Operable Parts|_, 11B-707.2 _|Clear Floor or Ground Space|_, 11B-707.4 _|Privacy|_, 11B-707.5 _|Speech Output|_, 11B-707.6 _|Input|_, 11B-707.7.2 _|Characters|_ and 11B-707.8 _|Braille Instructions|_. 

11B-220.1.3 Three or more automatic teller machines or fare machines.

Where three or more automatic teller machines or fare machines are provided at a location, at least 50 percent shall comply with Sections 11B-707.2 through 11B-707.8 and the rest shall comply with Sections 11B-309, 11B-707.2, 11B-707.4, 11B-707.5, 11B-707.6, 11B-707.7.2 and 11B-707.8

11B-220.2 Point-of-sale devices.

Where point-of-sale devices are provided, all devices at each location shall comply with Sections 11B-309.4 _|Operation|_, 11B-707.3 _|Operable Parts|_, and 11B-707.7.2 _|Characters|_. In addition, point-of-sale systems that include a video touch screen or any other non-tactile keypad shall comply with either Section 11B-707.9.1.1 _|Tactilely Discernible Numerical Keypad|_ or 11B-707.9.1.2 _|Other Technology|_. Where point-of-sale devices are provided at check stands and sales and service counters, they shall comply with Section 11B-707.9.1, and shall also comply with Sections 11B-707.2 _|Clear Floor or Ground Space|_, 11B-707.3 and 11B-707.4 _|Privacy|_.

Exception: Where a single point-of-sale device is installed for use with any type of motor fuel, it shall comply with Section 11B-220.2 and 11B-309. Where more than one point-of-sale device is installed for use with a specific type of motor fuel, a minimum of two for that type shall comply with Sections 11B-220.2 and 11B-309. Types of motor fuel include, but are not limited to, gasoline, diesel, compressed natural gas, methanol, ethanol or electricity. 

11B-221.1 General.

Assembly areas shall provide wheelchair spaces, companion seats, designated aisle seats and semi-ambulant seats complying with Sections 11B-221 and 11B-802. In addition, lawn seating shall comply with Section 11B-221.5

[2010 ADAS] 221.1 General.  Assembly areas shall provide wheelchair spaces, companion seats, and designated aisle seats complying with 221 and 802 . In addition, lawn seating shall comply with 221.5

DSA icon
Advisory 11B-221.1 General.  Several different types of accessible seating are required in an assembly seating area.

Wheelchair seating areas, integrated into the general seating plan, are required so that people using wheelchairs are not isolated from other spectators or their friends and family. These seating areas must comply with Section 11B-221.2.

Companion seats are required next to each wheelchair seating location. The companion seat is a conventional seat that accommodates a friend or companion. These seats must comply with Section 11B-221.3.

Aisle seating is required to be provided in addition to the wheelchair seating areas. At least five percent of aisle seats (but not less than one) are required to either have no armrest on the aisle side or to have a removable or folding armrest on the aisle side. These seats accommodate people who have a mobility disability but who wish to use a seat that is not in a wheelchair seating location. These seats must comply with Section 11B-221.4.

Semi-ambulant seating is required in addition to the spaces provided for wheelchair users.  At least one percent of all seats (but no fewer than two) are required to provide 24 inches clear leg room from the front edge of the seat to the nearest obstruction or to the back of the seat immediately in front. These seats accommodate people who have a mobility disability but who wish to use a seat that is not in a wheelchair seating location.  These seats must comply with Section 11B-221.6. ◼

ETA Editor's Note

For seating at assembly areas, the ADA scoping requirements are included for information.  The 2013 CBC scoping requirements are more inclusive.

For ADA scoping requirements of Title II §35.151(g) and Title III §36.406(f) Standards for New Construction and Alterations;  Assembly Areas, see U.S. Access Board's Note To Reader after Section 11B-221.6.

11B-221.2 Wheelchair spaces.

Wheelchair spaces complying with Section 11B-221.2 shall be provided in assembly areas with fixed seating. 

DSA icon
Advisory 11B-221.2 Wheelchair spaces. Additional information regarding wheelchair accessible seating in venues that sell tickets for assigned seats is available on the US Department of Justice website at http://www.ada.gov/ticketing_2010.htm. ◼

11B-221.2.1 Number and location.

Wheelchair spaces shall be provided complying with Section 11B-221.2.1. 

11B-221.2.1.1 General seating.

Wheelchair spaces complying with Section 11B-802.1 shall be provided in accordance with Table 11B-221.2.1.1. 

TABLE 11B-221.2.1.1 NUMBER OF WHEELCHAIR SPACES IN ASSEMBLY AREAS

NUMBER OF SEATS

MINIMUM NUMBER OF REQUIRED WHEELCHAIR SPACES

4 to 25

1

26 to 50

2

51 to 150

4

151 to 300

5

301 to 500

6

501 to 5000

6, plus 1 for each  100, or fraction thereof, between 501 through 5000

[2010 ADAS] 6, plus 1 for each 150, or fraction thereof, between 501 through 5000

5001 and over

46, plus 1 for each 200, or fraction thereof, over 5000

[2010 ADAS] 36, plus 1 for each 200, or fraction thereof, over 5000

11B-221.2.1.2 Luxury boxes, club boxes, and suites in arenas, stadiums, and grandstands.

In each luxury box, club box, and suite within arenas, stadiums, and grandstands, wheelchair spaces complying with Section 11B-802.1 shall be provided in accordance with Table 11B-221.2.1.1

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 221.2.1.2 Luxury Boxes, Club Boxes, and Suites in Arenas, Stadiums, and Grandstands.  The number of wheelchair spaces required in luxury boxes, club boxes, and suites within an arena, stadium, or grandstand is to be calculated box by box and suite by suite.

11B-221.2.1.3 Other boxes.

In boxes other than those required to comply with Section 11B-221.2.1.2, the total number of wheelchair spaces required shall be determined in accordance with Table 11B-221.2.1.1. Wheelchair spaces shall be located in not less than 20 percent of all boxes provided. Wheelchair spaces shall comply with Section 11B-802.1.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 221.2.1.3 Other Boxes.  The provision for seating in "other boxes" includes box seating provided in facilities such as performing arts auditoria where tiered boxes are designed for spatial and acoustical purposes. The number of wheelchair spaces required in boxes covered by 221.2.1.3 is calculated based on the total number of seats provided in these other boxes. The resulting number of wheelchair spaces must be located in no fewer than 20% of the boxes covered by this section. For example, a concert hall has 20 boxes, each of which contains 10 seats, totaling 200 seats. In this example, 5 wheelchair spaces would be required, and they must be placed in at least 4 of the boxes. Additionally, because the wheelchair spaces must also meet the dispersion requirements of 221.2.3, the boxes containing these wheelchair spaces cannot all be located in one area unless an exception to the dispersion requirements applies.

11B-221.2.1.4 Team or player seating.

At least one wheelchair space complying with 11B-802.1 shall be provided in team or player seating areas serving areas of sport activity.

Exception:  Wheelchair spaces shall not be required in team or player seating areas serving bowling lanes not required to comply with Section 11B-206.2.11.

11B-221.2.1.5 Stadium-style movie theaters.

In stadium-style movie theaters, the total number of wheelchair spaces required shall be determined in accordance with Table 11B-221.2.1.1. The required wheelchair spaces shall be located on risers or cross-aisles in the stadium section that satisfy at least one of the following criteria:

1.      Located within the rear 60 percent of the seats provided in the theater; or

2.      Located within the area of the theater in which the vertical viewing angles (as measured to the top of the screen) are from the 40th to the 100th percentile of vertical viewing angles for all seats as ranked from the seats in the first row (1st percentile) to seats in the back row (100th percentile). 

11B-221.2.1.6 Specialty seating areas.

In assembly areas, wheelchair spaces shall be provided in each specialty seating area that provides spectators with distinct services or amenities that generally are not available to other spectators. The number of wheelchair spaces provided in specialty seating areas shall be included in, rather than be in addition to, the total number of wheelchair spaces required by Table 11B-221.2.1.1.

Exception:  In existing buildings and facilities, if it is not readily achievable for wheelchair spaces to be placed in each specialty seating area, those services or amenities shall be provided to individuals with disabilities, and their companions, at other designated accessible locations at no additional cost. 

[ADA Title III] §36.308 Seating in assembly areas.

A public accommodation shall ensure that wheelchair spaces and companion seats are provided in each specialty seating area that provides spectators with distinct services or amenities that generally are not available to other spectators. If it is not readily achievable for a public accommodation to place wheelchair spaces and companion seats in each such specialty seating area, it shall provide those services or amenities to individuals with disabilities and their companions at other designated accessible locations at no additional cost. The number of wheelchair spaces and companion seats provided in specialty seating areas shall be included in, rather than in addition to, wheelchair space requirements set forth in table 221.2.1.1 in the 2010 Standards

11B-221.2.2 Integration.

Wheelchair spaces shall be an integral part of the seating plan. 

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 221.2.2 Integration.  The requirement that wheelchair spaces be an "integral part of the seating plan" means that wheelchair spaces must be placed within the footprint of the seating area. Wheelchair spaces cannot be segregated from seating areas. For example, it would be unacceptable to place only the wheelchair spaces, or only the wheelchair spaces and their associated companion seats, outside the seating areas defined by risers in an assembly area.
11B-221.2.3 Lines of sight and dispersion.

Wheelchair spaces shall provide lines of sight complying with Section 11B-802.2 and shall comply with Section 11B-221.2.3. In providing lines of sight, wheelchair spaces shall be dispersed. Wheelchair spaces shall provide spectators with choices of seating locations and viewing angles that are substantially equivalent to, or better than, the choices of seating locations and viewing angles available to all other spectators. When the number of wheelchair spaces required by Section 11B-221.2.1 has been met, further dispersion shall not be required. In stadiums, arenas and grandstands, wheelchair spaces shall be dispersed to all levels that include seating served by an accessible route.

[2010 ADAS] 221.2.3 Lines of Sight and Dispersion.  Wheelchair spaces shall provide lines of sight complying with 802.2 and shall comply with 221.2.3. In providing lines of sight, wheelchair spaces shall be dispersed. Wheelchair spaces shall provide spectators with choices of seating locations and viewing angles that are substantially equivalent to, or better than, the choices of seating locations and viewing angles available to all other spectators. When the number of wheelchair spaces required by 221.2.1 has been met, further dispersion shall not be required.

Exception:  Wheelchair spaces in team or player seating areas serving areas of sport activity shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-221.2.3. 

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 221.2.3 Lines of Sight and Dispersion.  Consistent with the overall intent of the ADA, individuals who use wheelchairs must be provided equal access so that their experience is substantially equivalent to that of other members of the audience. Thus, while individuals who use wheelchairs need not be provided with the best seats in the house, neither may they be relegated to the worst.

11B-221.2.3.1 Horizontal dispersion.

Wheelchair spaces shall be dispersed horizontally. In assembly areas that have seating encircling, in whole or in part, a field of play or performance, wheelchair spaces shall be dispersed horizontally around the field of play or performance area.

[2010 ADAS] 221.2.3.1 Horizontal Dispersion.  Wheelchair spaces shall be dispersed horizontally.

Exceptions:

1.      Horizontal dispersion shall not be required in assembly areas with 300 or fewer seats if the companion seats required by Section 11B-221.3 and wheelchair spaces are located within the 2nd or 3rd quartile of the total row length. Intermediate aisles shall be included in determining the total row length. If the row length in the 2nd and 3rd quartile of a row is insufficient to accommodate the required number of companion seats and wheelchair spaces, the additional companion seats and wheelchair spaces shall be permitted to be located in the 1st and 4th quartile of the row.

2.      In row seating, two wheelchair spaces shall be permitted to be located side-by-side. 

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 221.2.3.1 Horizontal Dispersion.  Horizontal dispersion of wheelchair spaces is the placement of spaces in an assembly facility seating area from side-to-side or, in the case of an arena or stadium, around the field of play or performance area.

11B-221.2.3.2 Vertical dispersion.

Wheelchair spaces shall be dispersed vertically at varying distances from the screen, performance area, or playing field. In addition, wheelchair spaces shall be located in each balcony or mezzanine that is located on an accessible route.

Exceptions:

1.      Vertical dispersion shall not be required in assembly areas with 300 or fewer seats if the wheelchair spaces provide viewing angles that are equivalent to, or better than, the average viewing angle provided in the facility.

2.      In bleachers, wheelchair spaces shall not be required to be provided in rows other than rows at points of entry to bleacher seating.   

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 221.2.3.2 Vertical Dispersion.  When wheelchair spaces are dispersed vertically in an assembly facility they are placed at different locations within the seating area from front-to-back so that the distance from the screen, stage, playing field, area of sports activity, or other focal point is varied among wheelchair spaces.

Advisory 221.2.3.2 Vertical Dispersion Exception 2.  Points of entry to bleacher seating may include, but are not limited to, cross aisles, concourses, vomitories, and entrance ramps and stairs. Vertical, center, or side aisles adjoining bleacher seating that are stepped or tiered are not considered entry points.

DSA icon
Advisory 11B-221.2.3.2 Vertical dispersion Exception 2.  Designing spectator seating for accessibility can be more complicated when folding bleachers are utilized.  The lower rows of bleacher seats in a bank of bleachers often are omitted to allow for wheelchair positions with companion seating provided on the end of the adjacent row or on portable chairs. ◼
11B-221.2.4 Temporary structures.

Wheelchair spaces shall not be located on, or be obstructed by, temporary platforms or other movable structures.

Exception:  When an entire seating section is placed on temporary platforms or other movable structures in an area where fixed seating is not provided, in order to increase seating for an event, wheelchair spaces may be placed in that section.

Note:  When required wheelchair spaces are not occupied by persons eligible for those spaces, individual, removable seats may be placed in those spaces.

11B-221.3 Companion seats.

At least one companion seat complying with Section 11B-802.3 shall be provided immediately adjacent to each wheelchair space required by Section 11B-221.2.1

DSA icon
Advisory 11B-221.3 Companion seats. The following advisory language clarifies the operational requirements of 28 CFR Part 36, Section 36.302(f)(4)(i).

People purchasing a ticket for an accessible seat may purchase up to three additional seats for their companions in the same row and these seats must be contiguous with the accessible seat. If contiguous seats have already been sold and are not available, the venue must offer other seats as close as possible to the accessible seat. If those seats are in a different price category, the venue is not required to modify the price and may charge the same price as it charges others for those seats. When designing, best practice is to locate wheelchair spaces in rows where seating for a  minimum of four is provided. Where two wheelchair spaces are provided adjacent to one another, one can be used as a companion seat.

Where a venue limits ticket sales to fewer than four tickets, those limits also apply to tickets for accessible seats. Similarly, when a venue allows the purchase of more than four tickets, that policy also applies to tickets for accessible seats, but only three companion seats must be contiguous with the accessible seat.

Many venues offer a group sales rate for groups of a pre-determined size. If a group includes one or more individuals who need accessible seating, the entire group should be seated together in an area that includes accessible seating. If it is not possible to seat the entire group together and the group must be split, the tickets should be allocated so that the individuals with disabilities are not isolated from others in their group.

Additional information regarding wheelchair accessible seating in venues that sell tickets for assigned seats is available on the US Department of Justice website at http://www.ada.gov/ticketing_2010.htm. ◼

11B-221.4 Designated aisle seats.

At least 5 percent of the total number of aisle seats provided shall comply with Section 11B-802.4 and shall be the aisle seats located closest to accessible routes.

Exception:  Team or player seating areas serving areas of sport activity shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-221.4. 

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 221.4 Designated Aisle Seats.  When selecting which aisle seats will meet the requirements of 802.4, those aisle seats which are closest to, not necessarily on, accessible routes must be selected first. For example, an assembly area has two aisles (A and B) serving seating areas with an accessible route connecting to the top and bottom of Aisle A only. The aisle seats chosen to meet 802.4 must be those at the top and bottom of Aisle A, working toward the middle. Only when all seats on Aisle A would not meet the five percent minimum would seats on Aisle B be designated.
11B-221.5 Lawn seating.

Lawn seating areas and exterior overflow seating areas, where fixed seats are not provided, shall connect to an accessible route.

11B-221.6 Semi-ambulant seats.

At least 1 percent of the total number of seats, and no fewer than two, shall be semi-ambulant seats complying with Section 11B-802.5

ETA Editor's Note

This Access Board Note was taken from ADA Title II §35.151(g) New Construction and Alterations; Assembly Areas, and from ADA Title III §36.406(f) Standards for New Construction and Alterations; Assembly Areas:

[ADA Titles II & III] U.S. Access Board's Note to Reader:

The Department of Justice’s ADA standards also require the following:

Assembly areas.  Assembly areas that are subject to this part _|of the Title III regulation or to this section of the Title II regulation|_ shall comply with the provisions of the 2010 Standards applicable to assembly areas, including, but not limited to, sections 221 and 802. In addition, assembly areas shall ensure that —

         (1) In stadiums, arenas, and grandstands, wheelchair spaces and companion seats are dispersed to all levels that include seating served by an accessible route;

         (2) Assembly areas that are required to horizontally disperse wheelchair spaces and companion seats by section 221.2.3.1 of the 2010 Standards and have seating encircling, in whole or in part, a field of play or performance area shall disperse wheelchair spaces and companion seats around that field of play or performance area;

         (3) Wheelchair spaces and companion seats are not located on (or obstructed by) temporary platforms or other movable structures, except that when an entire seating section is placed on temporary platforms or other movable structures in an area where fixed seating is not provided, in order to increase seating for an event, wheelchair spaces and companion seats may be placed in that section. When wheelchair spaces and companion seats are not required to accommodate persons eligible for those spaces and seats, individual, removable seats may be placed in those spaces and seats;

         (4) Stadium-style movie theaters shall locate wheelchair spaces and companion seats on a riser or cross-aisle in the stadium section that satisfies at least one of the following criteria —

                  (i) It is located within the rear 60% of the seats provided in an auditorium; or

                  (ii) It is located within the area of an auditorium in which the vertical viewing angles (as measured to the top of the screen) are from the 40th to the 100th percentile of vertical viewing angles for all seats as ranked from the seats in the first row (1st percentile) to seats in the back row (100th percentile).

11B-222.1 General.

Where dressing rooms, fitting rooms, or locker rooms are provided, at least 5 percent, but no fewer than one, of each type of use in each cluster provided shall comply with Section 11B-803.

Exception:  In alterations, where it is technically infeasible to provide rooms in accordance with Section 11B-222.1, one room for each sex on each level shall comply with Section 11B-803. Where only unisex rooms are provided, unisex rooms shall be permitted. 

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 222.1 General.  A "cluster" is a group of rooms proximate to one another. Generally, rooms in a cluster are within sight of, or adjacent to, one another. Different styles of design provide users varying levels of privacy and convenience. Some designs include private changing facilities that are close to core areas of the facility, while other designs use space more economically and provide only group dressing facilities. Regardless of the type of facility, dressing, fitting, and locker rooms should provide people with disabilities rooms that are equally private and convenient to those provided others. For example, in a physician's office, if people without disabilities must traverse the full length of the office suite in clothing other than their street clothes, it is acceptable for people with disabilities to be asked to do the same.
11B-222.2 Coat hooks and shelves.

Where coat hooks or shelves are provided in dressing, fitting or locker rooms without individual compartments, at least one of each type shall comply with Section 11B-803.5. Where coat hooks or shelves are provided in individual compartments at least one of each type complying with Section 11B-803.5 shall be provided in individual compartments in dressing, fitting, or locker rooms required to comply with Section 11B-222.1

11B-222.3 Mirrors.

Where mirrors are provided in dressing, fitting or locker rooms without individual compartments, at least one of each type shall comply with Section 11B-803.6. Where mirrors are provided in individual compartments at least one of each type complying with Section 11B-803.6 shall be provided in individual compartments in dressing, fitting, or locker rooms required to comply with Section 11B-222.1

11B-223.1 General.

In licensed medical care facilities and licensed long-term care facilities where the period of stay exceeds twenty-four hours, patient bedrooms or resident sleeping rooms shall be provided in accordance with Sections 11B-223 and 11B-805.

[2010 ADAS] 223.1 General.  In licensed medical care facilities and licensed long-term care facilities where the period of stay exceeds twenty-four hours, patient or resident sleeping rooms shall be provided in accordance with 223.

Exception:  Toilet rooms that are part of critical or intensive care patient sleeping rooms shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-603

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 223.1 General.  Because medical facilities frequently reconfigure spaces to reflect changes in medical specialties, 223.1 does not include a provision for dispersion of accessible patient or resident sleeping rooms. The lack of a design requirement does not mean that covered entities are not required to provide services to people with disabilities where accessible rooms are not dispersed in specialty areas. Locate accessible rooms near core areas that are less likely to change over time. While dispersion is not required, the flexibility it provides can be a critical factor in ensuring cost effective compliance with applicable civil rights laws, including titles II and III of the ADA and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended. Additionally, all types of features and amenities should be dispersed among accessible sleeping rooms to ensure equal access to and a variety of choices for all patients and residents.
11B-223.1.1 Alterations.

Where patient bedrooms or resident sleeping rooms are altered or added, the requirements of Section 11B-223 shall apply only to the patient bedrooms or resident sleeping rooms being altered or added until the number of patient bedrooms or resident sleeping rooms complies with the minimum number required for new construction. 

[2010 ADAS] 223.1.1 Alterations.  Where sleeping rooms are altered or added, the requirements of 223 shall apply only to the sleeping rooms being altered or added until the number of sleeping rooms complies with the minimum number required for new construction. 

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 223.1.1 Alterations.  In alterations and additions, the minimum required number is based on the total number of sleeping rooms altered or added instead of on the total number of sleeping rooms provided in a facility. As a facility is altered over time, every effort should be made to disperse accessible sleeping rooms among patient care areas such as pediatrics, cardiac care, maternity, and other units. In this way, people with disabilities can have access to the full-range of services provided by a medical care facility.

11B-223.1.1.1 Area alterations.

Patient bedrooms or resident sleeping rooms added or altered as part of a planned renovation of an entire wing, a department, or other discrete area of an existing medical facility shall comply with Section 11B-805.2 until the number of patient bedrooms or resident sleeping rooms provided within the area of renovation complies with the minimum number required for new construction by Section 11B-223.2 or 11B-223.3.

11B-223.1.1.2 Individual alterations.

Patient bedrooms or resident sleeping rooms added or altered individually, and not as part of an alteration of an entire area, shall comply with Section 11B-805.2, until either: a) the number of patient bedrooms or resident sleeping rooms provided in the department or area containing the individually altered or added patient bedrooms or resident sleeping rooms complies with the minimum number required if the percentage requirements of Section 11B-223.2 or 11B-223.3 were applied to that department or area; or b) the overall number of patient bedrooms or resident sleeping rooms in the facility complies with the minimum number required for new construction by Section 11B-223.2 or 11B-223.3.

11B-223.1.1.3 Toilet and bathing facilities.

Toilet/ bathing rooms which are part of patient bedrooms added or altered and required to be accessible shall comply with Section 11B-805.2.4

11B-223.2 Hospitals, rehabilitation facilities, psychiatric facilities and detoxification facilities.

Hospitals, rehabilitation facilities, psychiatric facilities and detoxification facilities shall comply with Section 11B-223.2. All public use and common use areas shall be accessible in compliance with this chapter

[2010 ADAS] 223.2 Hospitals, Rehabilitation Facilities, Psychiatric Facilities and Detoxification Facilities.  Hospitals, rehabilitation facilities, psychiatric facilities and detoxification facilities shall comply with 223.2.

11B-223.2.1 Facilities not specializing in treating conditions that affect mobility.

In facilities not specializing in treating conditions that affect mobility, including hospitals, psychiatric and detoxification facilities, at least 10 percent, but no fewer than one, of the patient bedrooms or resident sleeping rooms shall provide mobility features complying with Section 11B-805. Accessible patient bedrooms or resident sleeping rooms shall be dispersed in a manner that is proportionate by type of medical specialty.

[2010 ADAS] 223.2.1 Facilities Not Specializing in Treating Conditions That Affect Mobility.  In facilities not specializing in treating conditions that affect mobility, at least 10 percent, but no fewer than one, of the patient sleeping rooms shall provide mobility features complying with 805.

11B-223.2.2 Facilities specializing in treating conditions that affect mobility.

In facilities specializing in treating conditions that affect mobility, 100 percent of the patient bedrooms shall provide mobility features complying with Section 11B-805.

[2010 ADAS] 223.2.2 Facilities Specializing in Treating Conditions That Affect Mobility.  In facilities specializing in treating conditions that affect mobility, 100 percent of the patient sleeping rooms shall provide mobility features complying with 805.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 223.2.2 Facilities Specializing in Treating Conditions That Affect Mobility.  Conditions that affect mobility include conditions requiring the use or assistance of a brace, cane, crutch, prosthetic device, wheelchair, or powered mobility aid; arthritic, neurological, or orthopedic conditions that severely limit one's ability to walk; respiratory diseases and other conditions which may require the use of portable oxygen; and cardiac conditions that impose significant functional limitations. Facilities that may provide treatment for, but that do not specialize in treatment of such conditions, such as general rehabilitation hospitals, are not subject to this requirement but are subject to 223.2.1.
11B-223.2.3 On-call rooms.

Where physician or staff on-call sleeping rooms are provided, at least 10 percent, but no fewer than one, of the on-call rooms shall provide mobility features complying with Sections 11B-806.2.3, 11B-806.2.4 and 11B-806.2.6

11B-223.3 Long-term care facilities.

In licensed long-term care facilities, including skilled nursing facilities, intermediate care facilities and nursing homes, at least 50 percent, but no fewer than one, of each type of patient bedroom or resident sleeping room shall provide mobility features complying with Section 11B-805.

[2010 ADAS] 223.3 Long-Term Care Facilities.  In licensed long-term care facilities, at least 50 percent, but no fewer than one, of each type of resident sleeping room shall provide mobility features complying with 805.

11B-223.4 Professional offices of health care providers.

Professional offices of health care providers shall comply with Section 11B-805.

11B-224.1 General.

Hotels, motels, inns, dormitories, resorts and similar transient lodging facilities shall provide guest rooms in accordance with Sections 11B-224.1 through 11B-224.6.

[2010 ADAS] 224.1 General.  Transient lodging facilities shall provide guest rooms in accordance with 224.

ETA Editor's Note

For transient lodging guest rooms, the ADA scoping requirements are included for information.  The 2013 CBC scoping requirements are more inclusive.

For ADA scoping requirements of Title III §36.406(c) Standards for New Construction and Alterations;  Places of Lodging, and also Title II §35.151(f) and Title III §36.406(e) Standards for New Construction and Alterations;  Housing at a Place of Education, see U.S. Access Board's Note To Reader after Section 224.5.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 224.1 General.  Certain facilities used for transient lodging, including time shares, dormitories, and town homes may be covered by both these requirements and the Fair Housing Amendments Act. The Fair Housing Amendments Act requires that certain residential structures having four or more multi-family dwelling units, regardless of whether they are privately owned or federally assisted, include certain features of accessible and adaptable design according to guidelines established by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). This law and the appropriate regulations should be consulted before proceeding with the design and construction of residential housing.
11B-224.1.1 Alterations.

Where guest rooms are altered or added, the requirements of Section 11B-224 shall apply only to the guest rooms being altered or added until the number of guest rooms complies with the minimum number required for new construction.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 224.1.1 Alterations.  In alterations and additions, the minimum required number of accessible guest rooms is based on the total number of guest rooms altered or added instead of the total number of guest rooms provided in a facility. Typically, each alteration of a facility is limited to a particular portion of the facility. When accessible guest rooms are added as a result of subsequent alterations, compliance with 224.5 (Dispersion) is more likely to be achieved if all of the accessible guest rooms are not provided in the same area of the facility.
11B-224.1.2 Guest room doors and doorways.

Entrances, doors, and doorways providing user passage into and within guest rooms that are not required to provide mobility features complying with Section 11B-806.2 shall comply with Section 11B-404.2.3 _|Doors, Doorways, and Gates; Clear Width|_. Bathrooms doors shall be either sliding or hung to swing in the direction of egress from the bathroom.

[2010 ADAS] 224.1.2 Guest Room Doors and Doorways.  Entrances, doors, and doorways providing user passage into and within guest rooms that are not required to provide mobility features complying with 806.2 shall comply with 404.2.3.

Exception:  Shower and sauna doors in guest rooms that are not required to provide mobility features complying with Section 11B-806.2 shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-404.2.3.   

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 224.1.2 Guest Room Doors and Doorways.  Because of the social interaction that often occurs in lodging facilities, an accessible clear opening width is required for doors and doorways to and within all guest rooms, including those not required to be accessible. This applies to all doors, including bathroom doors, that allow full user passage. Other requirements for doors and doorways in Section 404 do not apply to guest rooms not required to provide mobility features.
11B-224.1.3 Range of accommodations.

Accessible guest rooms or suites shall be dispersed among the various classes of sleeping accommodations to provide a range of options applicable to room sizes, costs, and amenities provided. 

11B-224.1.4 Guest room toilet and bathing rooms.

Where toilet and bathing rooms are provided in guest rooms that are not required to provide mobility features complying with Section 11B-806.2, toilet and bathing fixtures shall only be required to comply with Section 11B-603.6.

11B-224.2 Guest rooms with mobility features.

In transient lodging facilities, guest rooms with mobility features complying with Section 11B-806.2 shall be provided in accordance with Table 11B-224.2, as follows

[2010 ADAS] 224.2 Guest Rooms with Mobility Features.  In transient lodging facilities, guest rooms with mobility features complying with 806.2 shall be provided in accordance with Table 224.2

11B-224.2.1 Fifty or less guest room facilities.

Facilities that are subject to the same permit application on a common site that each have fifty or fewer guest rooms may be combined for the purposes of determining the required number of accessible rooms and type of accessible bathing facility.

11B-224.2.2 More than fifty guest room facilities.

Facilities with more than fifty guest rooms shall be treated separately for the purposes of determining the required number of accessible rooms and type of accessible bathing facility. 

TABLE 11B-224.2

GUEST ROOMS WITH MOBILITY FEATURES

TOTAL NUMBER OF GUEST ROOMS PROVIDED

MINIMUM

NUMBER OF REQUIRED ROOMS WITHOUT

ROLL-IN SHOWERS

MINIMUM

NUMBER OF REQUIRED ROOMS WITH

ROLL-IN SHOWERS

TOTAL NUMBER OF REQUIRED ROOMS

1 to 25

0

[2010 ADAS] 1

1

[2010 ADAS] 0

1

26 to 50

1

[2010 ADAS] 2

1

[2010 ADAS] 0

2

51 to 75

3

1

4

76 to 100

4

1

5

101 to 150

5

2

7

151 to 200

6

2

8

201 to 300

7

3

10

301 to 400

8

4

12

401 to 500

9

4

13

501 to 1000

2 percent of total

1 percent of total

3 percent of total

1001 and over

 20, plus 1 for each 100, or fraction thereof, over 1000

 10, plus 1 for each 100, or fraction thereof, over 1000

 30, plus 2 for each 100, or fraction thereof, over 1000

DSA icon
Advisory 11B-224.2 Guest rooms with mobility features.  In hotels, motels or other transient lodging facilities, Table 11B-224.2 indicates the required total number of mobility accessible rooms, including both rooms without roll-in showers and with roll-in showers. All of these rooms are required to comply with the technical requirements of Section 11B-806.2. Not more than 10 percent of guest rooms required to provide mobility features by Table 11B-224.2 may be used to satisfy the minimum number of guest rooms required to provide communication features by Table 11B-224.4.
 

For example, a new 275-room hotel must have a total of ten mobility accessible guest rooms; a minimum of three of the ten must have roll-in showers per Table 11B-224.2. In addition to those ten mobility accessible rooms, 17 guest rooms are required to provide communication features per Table 11B-224.4. Only 10 percent of the rooms required to provide mobility features, or one mobility accessible room, may also be used to satisfy the requirements of Table 11B-224.4. Sixteen additional communication accessible rooms must be provided. ◼

11B-224.3 Beds.

In guest rooms having more than 25 beds, 5 percent minimum of the beds shall have clear floor space complying with Section 11B-806.2.3.

11B-224.4 Guest rooms with communication features.

In transient lodging facilities, guest rooms with communication features complying with Section 11B-806.3 shall be provided in accordance with Table 11B-224.4. 

TABLE 11B-224.4

GUEST ROOMS WITH COMMUNICATION FEATURES

TOTAL NUMBER OF GUEST ROOMS PROVIDED

MINIMUM NUMBER OF REQUIRED GUEST ROOMS WITH COMMUNICATION FEATURES

1

1

2 to 25

2

26 to 50

4

51 to 75

7

76 to 100

9

101 to 150

12

151 to 200

14

201 to 300

17

301 to 400

20

401 to 500

22

501 to 1000

5 percent of total

1001 and over

50, plus 3 for each 100 over 1000

11B-224.5 Dispersion.

Guest rooms required to provide mobility features complying with Section 11B-806.2 and guest rooms required to provide communication features complying with Section 11B-806.3 shall be dispersed among the various classes of guest rooms, and shall provide choices of types of guest rooms, number of beds, and other amenities comparable to the choices provided to other guests. Where the minimum number of guest rooms required to comply with Section 11B-806 is not sufficient to allow for complete dispersion, guest rooms shall be dispersed in the following priority: guest room type, number of beds, and amenities. At least one guest room required to provide mobility features complying with Section 11B-806.2 shall also provide communication features complying with Section 11B-806.3. Not more than 10 percent of guest rooms required to provide mobility features complying with Section 11B-806.2 shall be used to satisfy the minimum number of guest rooms required to provide communication features complying with Section 11B-806.3

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 224.5 Dispersion.  Factors to be considered in providing an equivalent range of options may include, but are not limited to, room size, bed size, cost, view, bathroom fixtures such as hot tubs and spas, smoking and nonsmoking, and the number of rooms provided.

ETA Editor's Note

This Access Board Note was taken from ADA Title III §36.406(c) Standards for New Construction and Alterations; Places of Lodging:

[ADA Title III] U.S. Access Board's Note to Reader:

The Department of Justice’s ADA standards also require the following:

Places of lodging.  Places of lodging subject to this part _|of the Title III regulation|_ shall comply with the provisions of the 2010 Standards applicable to transient lodging, including, but not limited to, the requirements for transient lodging guest rooms in sections 224 and 806.

         (1) Guest rooms.  Guest rooms with mobility features in places of lodging subject to the transient lodging requirements of 2010 Standards shall be provided as follows--

                  (i) Facilities that are subject to the same permit application on a common site that each have 50 or fewer guest rooms may be combined for the purposes of determining the required number of accessible rooms and type of accessible bathing facility in accordance with table 224.2 to section 224.2 of the 2010 Standards.

                  (ii) Facilities with more than 50 guest rooms shall be treated separately for the purposes of determining the required number of accessible rooms and type of accessible bathing facility in accordance with table 224.2 to section 224.2 of the 2010 Standards.

         (2) Exception.  Alterations to guest rooms in places of lodging where the guest rooms are not owned or substantially controlled by the entity that owns, leases, or operates the overall facility and the physical features of the guest room interiors are controlled by their individual owners are not required to comply with § 36.402 or the alterations requirements in section 224.1.1 of the 2010 Standards.

         (3) Facilities with residential units and transient lodging units.  Residential dwelling units that are designed and constructed for residential use exclusively are not subject to the transient lodging standards.

The Department of Justice's title II and title III regulations include requirements for social service center establishments which are noted in section 233 (Residential Facilities).

ETA Editor's Note

This Access Board Note was taken from ADA Title II §35.151(f) New Construction and Alterations; Housing at a Place of Education, and from ADA Title III §36.406(e) Standards for New Construction and Alterations; Housing at a Place of Education:

[ADA Titles II & III] U.S. Access Board's Note to Reader:

The Department of Justice’s ADA standards also require the following:

Housing at a place of education.  Housing at a place of education that is subject to this part _|of the Title III regulation or to this section of the Title II regulation|_ shall comply with the provisions of the 2010 Standards applicable to transient lodging, including, but not limited to, the requirements for transient lodging guest rooms in sections 224 and 806, subject to the following exceptions. For the purposes of the application of this section, the term "sleeping room" is intended to be used interchangeably with the term "guest room" as it is used in the transient lodging standards.

         (1) Kitchens within housing units containing accessible sleeping rooms with mobility features (including suites and clustered sleeping rooms) or on floors containing accessible sleeping rooms with mobility features shall provide turning spaces that comply with section 809.2.2 of the 2010 Standards and kitchen work surfaces that comply with section 804.3 of the 2010 Standards.

         (2) Multi-bedroom housing units containing accessible sleeping rooms with mobility features shall have an accessible route throughout the unit in accordance with section 809.2 of the 2010 Standards.

         (3) Apartments or townhouse facilities that are provided by or on behalf of a place of education, which are leased on a year-round basis exclusively to graduate students or faculty and do not contain any public use or common use areas available for educational programming, are not subject to the transient lodging standards and shall comply with the requirements for residential facilities in sections 233 and 809 of the 2010 Standards.

The Department of Justice's Title II and Title III regulations include requirements for social service center establishments which are noted in section 233 (Residential Facilities).

11B-224.6 Storage.

Fixed or built-in storage facilities within guest rooms required to provide mobility features shall comply with Section 11B-225

11B-224.7 Housing at a place of education.

Housing at a place of education subject to this section shall comply with Sections 11B-224.1 through 11B-224.6 and 11B-806 for transient lodging guest rooms. For the purposes of the application of this section, the term “sleeping room” is interchangeable with “guest room” as used in the transient lodging standards.

Exceptions:

  1. Kitchens within housing units containing accessible sleeping rooms with mobility features (including suites and clustered sleeping rooms) or on floors containing accessible sleeping rooms with mobility features shall provide turning spaces that comply with Section 11B-809.2.2 and kitchen work surfaces that comply with Section 11B-804.3.

  2. Multi-bedroom housing units containing accessible sleeping rooms with mobility features shall have an accessible route throughout the unit in compliance with Section 11B-809.2.

  3. Housing facilities that are provided by or on behalf of a place of education, with residential dwelling units leased on a year round basis exclusively to graduate students or faculty, and that do not contain any public use or common use areas available for educational programming, are not subject to Section 11B-224 and shall comply with Section 11B-233.

11B-224.7.1 Multi-bedroom housing units with mobility features.

Multi-bedroom housing units containing accessible sleeping rooms with mobility features shall have an accessible route throughout the unit in compliance with Section 11B-809.2. Kitchens, when provided, within housing units containing accessible sleeping rooms with mobility features shall comply with Section 11B-804.

11B-224.7.2 Multi-bedroom housing units with adaptable features.

Multi-bedroom housing units with adaptable features shall be provided as required by Section 11B-233.3.1.2. The number of required multi-bedroom housing units with adaptable features shall be reduced by the number of multi-bedroom housing units with mobility features required by Section 11B-224.2.

11B-224.8 Social service center establishments.

Group homes, halfway houses, shelters, or similar social service center establishments that provide either temporary sleeping accommodations or residential dwelling units subject to this section shall comply with Sections 11B-224.1 through 11B-224.6 and Section 11B-233.3.

11B-224.8.1 More than 25-bed sleeping rooms.

In sleeping rooms with more than 25 beds, a minimum of 5 percent of the beds shall have clear floor space complying with Section 11B-806.2.3.

11B-224.8.2 More than 50-bed facilities.

Facilities with more than 50 beds that provide common use bathing facilities, shall provide at least one roll-in shower with a seat that complies with Section 11B-608. When separate shower facilities are provided for men and women, at least one roll-in shower shall be provided for each group.

11B-225.1 General.

Storage facilities shall comply with Section 11B-225.

11B-225.2 Storage.

Where storage is provided in accessible spaces, at least one of each type shall comply with Section 11B-811

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 225.2 Storage.  Types of storage include, but are not limited to, closets, cabinets, shelves, clothes rods, hooks, and drawers. Where provided, at least one of each type of storage must be within the reach ranges specified in 308; however, it is permissible to install additional storage outside the reach ranges.
11B-225.2.1 Lockers.

Where lockers are provided, at least 5 percent, but no fewer than one of each type, shall comply with Section 11B-811

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 225.2.1 Lockers.  Different types of lockers may include full-size and half-size lockers, as well as those specifically designed for storage of various sports equipment.
11B-225.2.2 Self-service shelving.

Self-service shelves shall be located on an accessible route complying with Section 11B-402. Self-service shelving shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-308 _|Reach Ranges|_. 

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 225.2.2 Self-Service Shelving.  Self-service shelves include, but are not limited to, library, store, or post office shelves.
11B-225.2.3 Library book stacks.

Book stacks available for public use shall be 54 inches (1372 mm) maximum above the finish floor.                                                            

Exceptions:

1.      Book stacks available for public use may be higher than 54 inches (1372 mm) maximum above the finish floor when an attendant is available to assist persons with disabilities.

2.      Book stacks restricted to employee use are not required to comply with these requirements.

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA Advisory identifies library shelving as self-service shelving, which does not have a height limitation. Therefore, the height limitation imposed by 2013 CBC where no attendant is available is more restrictive.  Otherwise, the storage requirements imposed by ADA are essentially identical to 2013 CBC.  See also 11B-227.4 and 11B-904.5.1 pertaining to Self-Service Shelves and Dispensing Devices at Food Service Lines.

11B-225.3 Self-service storage facilities.

Self-service storage facilities shall provide individual self-service storage spaces complying with these requirements in accordance with Table 11B-225.3. 

TABLE 11B-225.3 SELF-SERVICE STORAGE FACILITIES

TOTAL SPACES IN FACILITY

MINIMUM NUMBER OF SPACES REQUIRED TO BE ACCESSIBLE

1 to 200

5 percent, but no fewer than 1

201 and over

10, plus 2 percent of total number of units over 200

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 225.3 Self-Service Storage Facilities.  Although there are no technical requirements that are unique to self-service storage facilities, elements and spaces provided in facilities containing self-service storage spaces required to comply with these requirements must comply with this document where applicable. For example: the number of storage spaces required to comply with these requirements must provide Accessible Routes complying with 206; Accessible Means of Egress complying with 207; Parking Spaces complying with 208; and, where provided, other public use or common use elements and facilities such as toilet rooms, drinking fountains, and telephones must comply with the applicable requirements of this document.
11B-225.3.1 Dispersion.

Individual self-service storage spaces shall be dispersed throughout the various classes of spaces provided. Where more classes of spaces are provided than the number required to be accessible, the number of spaces shall not be required to exceed that required by Table 11B-225.3. Self-service storage spaces complying with Table 11B-225.3 shall not be required to be dispersed among buildings in a multi-building facility. 

11B-226.1 General.

Where dining surfaces are provided for the consumption of food or drink, at least 5 percent of the seating spaces and standing spaces at the dining surfaces shall comply with Section 11B-902. In addition, where work surfaces are provided for use by other than employees, at least 5 percent shall comply with Section 11B-902.

Exceptions:

1.      Sales counters and service counters shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-902. See Section 11B-227.

2.      Check writing surfaces provided at check-out aisles not required to comply with Section 11B-904.3 shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-902

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 226.1 General.  In facilities covered by the ADA, this requirement does not apply to work surfaces used only by employees. However, the ADA and, where applicable, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, provide that employees are entitled to "reasonable accommodations." With respect to work surfaces, this means that employers may need to procure or adjust work stations such as desks, laboratory and work benches, fume hoods, reception counters, teller windows, study carrels, commercial kitchen counters, and conference tables to accommodate the individual needs of employees with disabilities on an "as needed" basis. Consider work surfaces that are flexible and permit installation at variable heights and clearances.
11B-226.2 Dispersion.

Dining surfaces required to comply with Section 11B-902 shall be dispersed throughout the space or facility containing dining surfaces for each type of seating in a functional area. Work surfaces required to comply with Section 11B-902 shall be dispersed throughout the space or facility containing work surfaces. 

[2010 ADAS] 226.2 Dispersion.  Dining surfaces and work surfaces required to comply with 902 shall be dispersed throughout the space or facility containing dining surfaces and work surfaces.

11B-226.3 Dining surfaces exceeding 34 inches in height.

Where food or drink is served for consumption at a counter exceeding 34 inches (864 mm) in height, a portion of the main counter 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum in length shall be provided in compliance with Section 11B-902.3 _|Height|_

11B-226.4 Baby changing tables.

Baby changing tables shall comply with Sections 11B-309 and 11B-902. Baby changing tables when deployed shall not obstruct the required width of an accessible route except as allowed by Section 11B-307.2. Baby changing tables shall not be located in toilet compartments complying with Section 11B-604.8 within a multiple accommodation toilet facility.

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA requirements included at Section 11B-226 are provided for information only. The 2013 CBC scoping requirements are more inclusive.

Baby changing tables were not specifically addressed by the original 2013 CBC.  If located in a toilet room required to be accessible, they were indirectly addressed by the requirement to make at least one of each accessory accessible.  This has been generally understood to include the technical requirements for accessible routes, clear floor space, reach ranges, knee and toe space, worksurface heights, operable parts and protruding objects.

Although a 2010 ADAS Advisory strongly cautions otherwise, there was no prohibition in the original 2013 CBC or 2010 ADAS against installing baby changing tables in accessible water closet compartments, provided that all of the technical requirements were met.  There was also no specification that baby changing tables could not intrude into the accessible routes when deployed.  Therefore, existing baby changing tables that are installed in accessible water closet compartments, or that protrude more than 4" into accessible routes when deployed, are not presently subject to path of travel barrier removal obligations if, and only if, they meet all other technical requirements for accessibility.  If they must be modified, for example, to comply with the maximum work surface height of 34 inches, their noncompliant location (i.e., inside an accessible water closet compartment, or obstructing an accessible route when deployed) would also require correction.

When evaluating whether to take advantage of this Safe Harbor, Pocket Guide users are urged to consider:

  1. If alterations are performed in an area served by the subject toilet room in the future, permitted under a subsequent edition of CBC, the baby changing table in a noncompliant location will have to be relocated at that time;

  2. When a baby changing table in an accessible toilet compartment is being used, that compartment becomes unavailable for its intended use;

  3. Parents dealing with a young child's needs are not always mindful of the needs of others, and poorly located baby changing tables that are left in the deployed position can limit door movement, blocking access for anyone who cannot negotiate tight spaces, a circumstance prohibited under CBC 11B-108, Maintenance of accessible features;  and,

  4. Baby changing tables left in the deployed position in a circulation path can be a hazard to persons with vision impairment, also prohibited under CBC 11B-108.

11B-227.1 General.

Where provided, check-out aisles, sales counters, service counters, food service lines, queues, and waiting lines shall comply with Sections 11B-227 and 11B-904.

11B-227.2 Check-out aisles .

Where check-out aisles are provided, check-out aisles complying with Section 11B-904.3 shall be provided in accordance with Table 11B-227.2. Where check-out aisles serve different functions, check-out aisles complying with Section 11B-904.3 shall be provided in accordance with Table 11B-227.2 for each function. Where check-out aisles are dispersed throughout the building or facility, check-out aisles complying with Section 11B-904.3 shall be dispersed. When check-out aisles are open for customer use, a minimum of one accessible check-out aisle shall always be available. When not all check-out aisles are accessible, accessible check-out aisles shall be identified by a sign complying with Section 11B-904.3.4

Note: Operational procedures are often necessary to ensure the Americans with Disabilities Act accessibility requirements are met. When check-out aisles are open for customer use, the business should ensure that a minimum of one accessible check-out aisle is always available for use by persons with disabilities. As check-out aisles are opened and closed based on fluctuating customer levels, the business should ensure that the number of accessible check-out aisles available complies with Table 11B-227.2.

[2010 ADAS] 227.2 Check-Out Aisles.  Where check-out aisles are provided, check-out aisles complying with 904.3 shall be provided in accordance with Table 227.2. Where check-out aisles serve different functions, check-out aisles complying with 904.3 shall be provided in accordance with Table 227.2 for each function. Where check-out aisles are dispersed throughout the building or facility, check-out aisles complying with 904.3 shall be dispersed.

Exception:  In existing buildings, where the selling space is under 5000 square feet (465 m2) no more than one check-out aisle complying with Section 11B-904.3 shall be required. 

[2010 ADAS] EXCEPTION:  Where the selling space is under 5000 square feet (465 m2) no more than one check-out aisle complying with 904.3 shall be required. 

TABLE 11B-227.2 CHECK-OUT AISLES

NUMBER OF CHECK-OUT AISLES OF EACH FUNCTION

MINIMUM NUMBER OF CHECK-OUT AISLES OF EACH FUNCTION REQUIRED TO COMPLY WITH 11B-904.3

1 to 4

1

5 to 8

2

9 to 15

3

16 and over

3, plus 20 percent of additional aisles

DSA icon
Advisory 11B-227.2 Check-out aisles.  Where check-out aisles are provided, accessible check-out aisles are required. This section provides requirements specific to check-out aisle design and construction. In addition to the requirements of this section, operational procedures are often necessary to ensure the Americans with Disabilities Act accessibility requirements are met. When check-out aisles are open for customer use, business owners should ensure that a minimum of one accessible check-out aisle is always available for use by persons with disabilities. As check-out aisles are opened and closed based on fluctuating customer levels, business owners should ensure that the number of accessible check-out aisles available complies with Table 11B-227.2.◼
11B-227.2.1 Altered check-out aisles.

Where check-out aisles are altered, at least one of each check-out aisle serving each function shall comply with Section 11B-904.3 until the number of check-out aisles complies with Section 11B-227.2

11B-227.3 Counters.

Where provided, at least one of each type of sales counter and service counter shall comply with Section 11B-904.4. Where counters are dispersed throughout the building or facility, counters complying with Section 11B-904.4 also shall be dispersed. 

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 227.3 Counters.  Types of counters that provide different services in the same facility include, but are not limited to, order, pick-up, express, and returns. One continuous counter can be used to provide different types of service. For example, order and pick-up are different services. It would not be acceptable to provide access only to the part of the counter where orders are taken when orders are picked-up at a different location on the same counter. Both the order and pick-up section of the counter must be accessible.
11B-227.4 Food service lines.

Food service lines shall comply with Section 11B-904.5. Where self-service shelves are provided, at least 50 percent, but no fewer than one, of each type provided shall comply with Section 11B-308 _|Reach Ranges|_. 

11B-227.5 Queues and Waiting Lines.

Queues and waiting lines servicing counters or check-out aisles required to comply with Sections 11B-904.3 or 11B-904.4 shall comply with Section 11B-403 _|Walking Surfaces|_

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA requirements included at Section 11B-227 are provided for information only. The 2013 CBC scoping requirements are more inclusive.

11B-228.1 General.

Where provided, at least one of each type of depository, vending machine, change machine, and fuel dispenser shall comply with Section 11B-309 _|Operable Parts|_.

Exception:  Drive-up only depositories shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-309

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 228.1 General.  Depositories include, but are not limited to, night receptacles in banks, post offices, video stores, and libraries.
11B-228.2 Mail boxes.

Where mail boxes are provided in an interior location, at least 5 percent, but no fewer than one, of each type shall comply with Section 11B-309. In residential facilities, where mail boxes are provided for each residential dwelling unit, mail boxes complying with Section 11B-309 shall be provided for each residential dwelling unit required to provide mobility features complying with Sections 11B-809.2 through 11B-809.4 and adaptable features complying with Chapter 11A, Division IV

[2010 ADAS] 228.2 Mail Boxes.  Where mail boxes are provided in an interior location, at least 5 percent, but no fewer than one, of each type shall comply with 309. In residential facilities, where mail boxes are provided for each residential dwelling unit, mail boxes complying with 309 shall be provided for each residential dwelling unit required to provide mobility features complying with 809.2 through 809.4

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA requirements included at Section 11B-228 are provided for information only. The 2013 CBC scoping requirements are more inclusive.

11B-229.1 General.

Where glazed openings are provided in accessible rooms or spaces for operation by occupants, at least one opening shall comply with Section 11B-309 _|Operable Parts|_. Each glazed opening required by an administrative authority to be operable shall comply with Section 11B-309.

Exception:

1.      Glazed openings in residential dwelling units required to comply with Section 11B-809 shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-229.

2.      Glazed openings in guest rooms required to provide communication features and in guest rooms required to comply with Section 11B-206.5.3 shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-229

11B-230.1 General.

Where a two-way communication system is provided to gain admittance to a building or facility or to restricted areas within a building or facility, the system shall comply with Section 11B-708.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 230.1 General.  This requirement applies to facilities such as office buildings, courthouses, and other facilities where admittance to the building or restricted spaces is dependent on two-way communication systems.
11B-231.1 General.

Judicial facilities shall comply with Section 11B-231

11B-231.2 Courtrooms.

Each courtroom shall comply with Section 11B-808

11B-231.3 Holding cells.

Where provided, central holding cells and court-floor holding cells shall comply with Section 11B-231.3. 

11B-231.3.1 Central holding cells.

Where separate central holding cells are provided for adult male, juvenile male, adult female, or juvenile female, one of each type shall comply with Section 11B-807.2 _|Cells with Mobility Features|_. Where central holding cells are provided and are not separated by age or sex, at least one cell complying with Section 11B-807.2 shall be provided.

11B-231.3.2 Court-floor holding cells.

Where separate court-floor holding cells are provided for adult male, juvenile male, adult female, or juvenile female, each courtroom shall be served by one cell of each type complying with Section 11B-807.2 _|Cells with Mobility Features|_. Where court-floor holding cells are provided and are not separated by age or sex, courtrooms shall be served by at least one cell complying with Section 11B-807.2. Cells may serve more than one courtroom.

11B-231.4 Visiting areas.

Visiting areas shall comply with 11B-231.4. 

11B-231.4.1 Cubicles and counters.

At least 5 percent, but no fewer than one, of cubicles shall comply with Section 11B-902 on both the visitor and detainee sides. Where counters are provided, at least one shall comply with Section 11B-904.4.2 _|Forward Approach|_ on both the visitor and detainee sides.

Exception:  The detainee side of cubicles or counters at non-contact visiting areas not serving holding cells required to comply with Section 11B-231 shall not be required to comply with Sections 11B-902 or 11B-904.4.2

11B-231.4.2 Partitions.

Where solid partitions or security glazing separate visitors from detainees at least one of each type of cubicle or counter partition shall comply with Section 11B-904.6.

11B-232.1 General.

Buildings, facilities, or portions thereof, in which people are detained for penal or correction purposes, or in which the liberty of the inmates is restricted for security reasons shall comply with Section 11B-232.

[2010 ADAS] 232.1 General.  Buildings, facilities, or portions thereof, in which people are detained for penal or correction purposes, or in which the liberty of the inmates is restricted for security reasons shall comply with 232.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 232.1 General.  Detention facilities include, but are not limited to, jails, detention centers, and holding cells in police stations. Correctional facilities include, but are not limited to, prisons, reformatories, and correctional centers.

ETA Editor's Note

This Access Board Note was taken from ADA Title II §35.151(k) New Construction and Alterations; Detention and Correctional Facilities:

[ADA Title II] U.S. Access Board's Note to Reader:

The Department of Justice’s ADA standards also require the following:

Detention and correctional facilities.

(1) New construction of jails, prisons, and other detention and correctional facilities shall comply with the 2010 Standards except that public entities shall provide accessible mobility features complying with section 807.2 of the 2010 Standards for a minimum of 3%, but no fewer than one, of the total number of cells in a facility. Cells with mobility features shall be provided in each classification level.

(2) Alterations to detention and correctional facilities.  Alterations to jails, prisons, and other detention and correctional facilities shall comply with the 2010 Standards except that public entities shall provide accessible mobility features complying with section 807.2 of the 2010 Standards for a minimum of 3%, but no fewer than one, of the total number of cells being altered until at least 3%, but no fewer than one, of the total number of cells in a facility shall provide mobility features complying with section 807.2.  Altered cells with mobility features shall be provided in each classification level.  However, when alterations are made to specific cells, detention and correctional facility operators may satisfy their obligation to provide the required number of cells with mobility features by providing the required mobility features in substitute cells (cells other than those where alterations are originally planned), provided that each substitute cell—

         (i) Is located within the same prison site;

         (ii) Is integrated with other cells to the maximum extent feasible;

         (iii) Has, at a minimum, equal physical access as the altered cells to areas used by inmates or detainees for visitation, dining, recreation, educational programs, medical services, work programs, religious services, and participation in other programs that the facility offers to inmates or detainees; and,

         (iv) If it is technically infeasible to locate a substitute cell within the same prison site, a substitute cell must be provided at another prison site within the corrections system.

(3) With respect to medical and long-term care facilities in jails, prisons, and other detention and correctional facilities, public entities shall apply the 2010 Standards technical and scoping requirements for those facilities irrespective of whether those facilities are licensed.

11B-232.2 General holding cells and general housing cells.

General holding cells and general housing cells shall be provided in accordance with Section 11B-232.2.

Exception:  Reserved.  

[2010 ADAS] EXCEPTION:  Alterations to cells shall not be required to comply except to the extent determined by the _|U.S.|_ Attorney General. 

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 232.2 General Holding Cells and General Housing Cells.  Accessible cells or rooms should be dispersed among different levels of security, housing categories, and holding classifications (e.g., male/female and adult/juvenile) to facilitate access. Many detention and correctional facilities are designed so that certain areas (e.g., "shift" areas) can be adapted to serve as different types of housing according to need. For example, a shift area serving as a medium-security housing unit might be re-designated for a period of time as a high-security housing unit to meet capacity needs. Placement of accessible cells or rooms in shift areas may allow additional flexibility in meeting requirements for dispersion of accessible cells or rooms.

Advisory 232.2 General Holding Cells and General Housing Cells Exception.  Although these requirements do not specify that cells be accessible as a consequence of an alteration, title II of the ADA requires that each service, program, or activity conducted by a public entity, when viewed in its entirety, be readily accessible to and usable by individuals with disabilities. This requirement must be met unless doing so would fundamentally alter the nature of a service, program, or activity or would result in undue financial and administrative burdens.

11B-232.2.1 Cells with mobility features.

At least 3 percent, but no fewer than one, of the total number of cells in a facility shall provide mobility features complying with Section 11B-807.2.

11B-232.2.1.1 Beds.

In cells having more than 25 beds, at least 5 percent of the beds shall have clear floor space complying with Section 11B-807.2.3.

11B-232.2.1.2 Dispersion.

Cells with mobility features shall be provided in each classification level. 

11B-232.2.1.3 Substitute cells.

When alterations are made to specific cells, detention and correctional facility operators may satisfy their obligation to provide the required number of cells with mobility features by providing the required mobility features in substitute cells (cells other than those where alterations are originally planned), provided that each substitute cell meets the following conditions:

1.      Located within the same prison site.

2.      Integrated with the other cells to the maximum extent feasible.

3.      Has equal physical access as the altered cells to areas used by inmates or detainees for visitation, dining, recreation, educational programs, medical services, work programs, religious services, and participation in other programs that the facility offers to inmates or detainees.

11B-232.2.1.4 Technically infeasible.

Where it is technically infeasible to locate a substitute cell within the same prison site in compliance with Section 11B-232.2.1.3, a substitute cell shall be provided at another prison site within the correctional system. 

11B-232.2.2 Cells with communication features.

At least 2 percent, but no fewer than one, of the total number of general holding cells and general housing cells equipped with audible emergency alarm systems and permanently installed telephones within the cell shall provide communication features complying with Section 11B-807.3.

11B-232.3 Special holding cells and special housing cells.

Where special holding cells or special housing cells are provided, at least one cell serving each purpose shall provide mobility features complying with Section 11B-807.2. Cells subject to this requirement include, but are not limited to, those used for purposes of orientation, protective custody, administrative or disciplinary detention or segregation, detoxification, and medical isolation.

Exception: Reserved.

[2010 ADAS] EXCEPTION:  Alterations to cells shall not be required to comply except to the extent determined by the _|U.S.|_ Attorney General.

11B-232.4 Medical care facilities.

Patient bedrooms or cells required to comply with Section 11B-223 shall be provided in addition to any medical isolation cells required to comply with Section 11B-232.3.

11B-232.5 Visiting areas.

Visiting areas shall comply with Section 11B-232.5.

11B-232.5.1 Cubicles and counters.

At least 5 percent, but no fewer than one, of cubicles shall comply with Section 11B-902 on both the visitor and detainee sides. Where counters are provided, at least one shall comply with Section 11B-904.4.2 _|Forward Approach|_ on both the visitor and detainee or inmate sides.

Exception: The inmate or detainee side of cubicles or counters at non-contact visiting areas not serving holding cells or housing cells required to comply with Section 11B-232 shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-902 or 11B-904.4.2.

11B-232.5.2 Partitions.

Where solid partitions or security glazing separate visitors from detainees or inmates at least one of each type of cubicle or counter partition shall comply with Section 11B-904.6.

ETA Editor's Note

The ADA requirements included at Section 11B-232 are provided for information only. The 2013 CBC scoping requirements are more inclusive.

11B-233.1 General.

Public housing facilities with residential dwelling units available for public use shall comply with Section 11B-233. See Chapter 2, Section 202 of this code for the definition of Public Housing.

[2010 ADAS] 233.1 General.  Facilities with residential dwelling units shall comply with 233.

ETA Editor's Note

For residential facilities, the ADA scoping requirements are included for information.  The 2013 CBC scoping requirements are more inclusive.  Many of the 2013 CBC accessibility requirements relating to residential facilities are located in Chapter 11A, administered by the California Department of Housing and Community Development (HCD), rather than Division of the State Architect - Access Compliance (DSA-AC), which only has jurisdiction over public housing and private housing available for public use.

For ADA scoping requirements of Title II §35.151(e) New Construction and Alterations; Social Service Center Establishments, Title III §36.406(d) Standards for New Construction and Alterations; Social Service Center Establishments, and also Title II §35.151(f) New Construction and Alterations; Housing at a Place of Education, and Title III §36.406(e) Standards for New Construction and Alterations; Housing at a Place of Education, see U.S. Access Board's Note To Reader after Section 233.3.6.

DSA icon
Advisory 11B-233.1 General.  This section addresses long-term living (non-transient), public housing dwelling units.

In public housing projects, the accessibility requirements of Chapter 11B are triggered when there are one or more units.  In contrast, in privately funded housing projects, the accessibility requirements of Chapter 11A are triggered when there are three or more apartments or four or more condominiums within a single building. ◼

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 233.1 General.  Section 233 outlines the requirements for residential facilities subject to the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. The facilities covered by Section 233, as well as other facilities not covered by this section, may still be subject to other Federal laws such as the Fair Housing Act and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended. For example, the Fair Housing Act requires that certain residential structures having four or more multi-family dwelling units, regardless of whether they are privately owned or federally assisted, include certain features of accessible and adaptable design according to guidelines established by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). These laws and the appropriate regulations should be consulted before proceeding with the design and construction of residential facilities.

Residential facilities containing residential dwelling units provided by entities subject to HUD's Section 504 regulations and residential dwelling units covered by Section 233.3 must comply with the technical and scoping requirements in Chapters 1through 10 included in this document. Section 233 is not a stand-alone section; this section only addresses the minimum number of residential dwelling units within a facility required to comply with Chapter 8. However, residential facilities must also comply with the requirements of this document. For example: Section 206.5.4 requires all doors and doorways providing user passage in residential dwelling units providing mobility features to comply with Section 404; Section 206.7.6 permits platform lifts to be used to connect levels within residential dwelling units providing mobility features; Section 208 provides general scoping for accessible parking and Section 208.2.3.1 specifies the required number of accessible parking spaces for each residential dwelling unit providing mobility features; Section 228.2 requires mail boxes to be within reach ranges when they serve residential dwelling units providing mobility features; play areas are addressed in Section 240; and swimming pools are addressed in Section 242. There are special provisions applicable to facilities containing residential dwelling units at: Exception 3 to 202.3; Exception to 202.4; 203.8; and Exception 4 to 206.2.3.

11B-233.2 Reserved.

 

[2010 ADAS] 233.2 Residential Dwelling Units Provided by Entities Subject to HUD Section 504 Regulations.  Where facilities with residential dwelling units are provided by entities subject to regulations issued by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, such entities shall provide residential dwelling units with mobility features complying with 809.2 through 809.4 in a number required by the applicable HUD regulations. Residential dwelling units required to provide mobility features complying with 809.2 through 809.4 shall be on an accessible route as required by 206. In addition, such entities shall provide residential dwelling units with communication features complying with 809.5 in a number required by the applicable HUD regulations. Entities subject to 233.2 shall not be required to comply with 233.3.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 233.2 Residential Dwelling Units Provided by Entities Subject to HUD Section 504 Regulations.  Section 233.2 requires that entities subject to HUD's regulations implementing Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, provide residential dwelling units containing mobility features and residential dwelling units containing communication features complying with these regulations in a number specified in HUD's Section 504 regulations. Further, the residential dwelling units provided must be dispersed according to HUD's Section 504 criteria. In addition, Section 233.2 defers to HUD the specification of criteria by which the technical requirements of this document will apply to alterations of existing facilities subject to HUD's Section 504 regulations.
11B-233.3 Residential dwelling units provided by entities not subject to HUD Section 504 Regulations.

Public housing facilities with residential dwelling units provided by entities not subject to regulations issued by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, shall comply with Section 11B-233.3.

ETA Editor's Note

In conjunction with modifications to the definition of PUBLIC HOUSING in Chapter 2 and modifications to Section 11B-233.2, DSA-AC has modified Section 11B-233.3 above as follows (deleted text not shown;  added text indicated by underline), effective July 1, 2015:

11B-233.3 Public housing facilities.  Public housing facilities with residential dwelling units shall comply with Section 11B-233.3.

[2010 ADAS] 233.3 Residential Dwelling Units Provided by Entities Not Subject to HUD Section 504 Regulations.  Facilities with residential dwelling units provided by entities not subject to regulations issued by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, shall comply with 233.3.

11B-233.3.1 Minimum number: new construction.

Newly constructed public housing facilities with residential dwelling units shall comply with Section 11B-233.3.1.

[2010 ADAS] 233.3.1 Minimum Number: New Construction.  Newly constructed facilities with residential dwelling units shall comply with 233.3.1.

Exception:  Where facilities contain 15 or fewer residential dwelling units, the requirements of Sections 11B-233.3.1.1 and 11B-233.3.1.3 _|Residential Dwelling Units with Communication Features|_ shall apply to the total number of residential dwelling units that are constructed under a single contract, or are developed as a whole, whether or not located on a common site.

11B-233.3.1.1 Residential dwelling units with mobility features.

In public housing facilities with residential dwelling units, at least 5 percent, but no fewer than one unit, of the total number of residential dwelling units shall provide mobility features complying with Sections 11B-809.2 through 11B-809.4 and shall be on an accessible route as required by Section 11B-206

[2010 ADAS] 233.3.1.1 Residential Dwelling Units with Mobility Features.  In facilities with residential dwelling units, at least 5 percent, but no fewer than one unit, of the total number of residential dwelling units shall provide mobility features complying with 809.2 through 809.4 and shall be on an accessible route as required by 206.

ETA Editor's Note

At this point, the alignment of 2013 CBC section numbering with 2010 ADAS becomes inconsistent.  Since ADA does not require residential units with adaptable features, the 2010 ADAS section pertaining to Residential Dwelling Units with Communication Features is numbered 233.3.1.2.

11B-233.3.1.2 Residential dwelling units with adaptable features.

In public housing facilities with residential dwelling units, adaptable residential dwelling units complying with Chapter 11A, Division IV – Dwelling Unit Features shall be provided as required by Sections 11B-233.3.1.2.1 through 11B-233.3.1.2.5 _|Public Housing Facility Site Impracticability|_. Adaptable residential dwelling units shall be on an accessible route as required by Section 11B-206.

Exception:  The number of required adaptable residential dwelling units shall be reduced by the number of units required by Section 11B-233.3.1.1.

11B-233.3.1.2.1 Elevator buildings.

Residential dwelling units on floors served by an elevator shall be adaptable.

11B-233.3.1.2.2 Non-elevator buildings.

Ground floor residential dwelling units in non-elevator buildings shall be adaptable.

11B-233.3.1.2.3 Ground floors above grade.

Where the first floor in a building containing residential dwelling units is a floor above grade, all units on that floor shall be adaptable.

11B-233.3.1.2.4 Multi-story residential dwelling units.

 In elevator buildings, public housing facilities with multi-story residential dwelling units shall comply with the following:

Exception: In non-elevator buildings, a minimum of 10 percent but not less than one of the ground floor multi-story residential dwelling units shall comply with Section 11B-233.3.1.2.4, calculated using the total number of multi-story residential dwelling units in buildings on a site.

1.      The primary entry of the multi-story residential dwelling unit shall be on an accessible route. In buildings with elevators the primary entry shall be on the floor served by the elevator.

2.      At least one powder room or bathroom shall be located on the primary entry level.

3.      Rooms or spaces located on the primary entry level shall be served by an accessible route and comply with Chapter 11A, Division IV – Dwelling Unit Features. 

11B-233.3.1.2.5 Public housing facility site impracticality.

The number of adaptable residential dwelling units required in non-elevator building public housing facilities shall be determined in accordance with Chapter 11A, Section 1150A.1. The remaining ground floor residential dwelling units shall comply with the following requirements:

1.      Grab bar reinforcement complying with Section 11B-609.

2.      Doors complying with Section 11B-404.

3.      Communication features complying with Section 11B-809.5.5.

4.      Electrical receptacle and switches complying with Section 11B-308.1.

5.      Toilet and bathing facilities complying with Section 11B-809.4.

6.      Kitchen sink removable cabinets complying with Section 11B-606.2, Exception 3.

11B-233.3.1.3 Residential dwelling units with communication features.

In public housing facilities with residential dwelling units, at least 2 percent, but no fewer than one unit, of the total number of residential dwelling units shall provide communication features complying with Section 11B-809.5

11B-233.3.2 Residential dwelling units for sale.

Residential dwelling units designed and constructed or altered by public entities that will be offered for sale to individuals shall provide accessible features to the extent required by this chapter.

[2010 ADAS] 233.3.2 Residential Dwelling Units for Sale.  Residential dwelling units offered for sale shall provide accessible features to the extent required by regulations issued by Federal agencies under the Americans with Disabilities Act or Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended. 

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 233.3.2 Residential Dwelling Units For Sale.  A public entity that conducts a program to build housing for purchase by individual home buyers must provide access according to the requirements of the ADA regulations and a program receiving Federal financial assistance must comply with the applicable Section 504 regulation.

Exception:  Existing residential dwellings or residential dwelling units acquired by public entities that will be offered for resale to individuals without additions or alterations shall not be required to comply with this chapter. 

ETA Editor's Note

This Access Board Note was taken from ADA Title II §35.151(j) New Construction and Alterations; Facilities with Residential Dwelling Units for Sale to Individual Owners:

[ADA Title II] U.S. Access Board's Note to Reader:

The Department of Justice’s ADA standards also require the following:

Facilities with residential dwelling units for sale to individual owners.

(1) Residential dwelling units designed and constructed or altered by public entities that will be offered for sale to individuals shall comply with the requirements for residential facilities in the 2010 Standards including sections 233 and 809.

(2) The requirements of paragraph (1) also apply to housing programs that are operated by public entities where design and construction of particular residential dwelling units takes place only after a specific buyer has been identified. In such programs, the covered entity must provide the units that comply with the requirements for accessible features to those pre-identified buyers with disabilities who have requested such a unit.

11B-233.3.3 Additions.

Where an addition to an existing public housing facility results in an increase in the number of residential dwelling units, the requirements of Section 11B-233.3.1 shall apply only to the residential dwelling units that are added until the total number of residential dwelling units complies with the minimum number required by Section 11B-233.3.1. Residential dwelling units required to comply with Sections 11B-233.3.1.1 _|Residential Dwelling Units with Mobility Features|_ and 11B-233.3.1.2 _|Residential Dwelling Units with Adaptable Features|_ shall be on an accessible route as required by Section 11B-206

[2010 ADAS] 233.3.3 Additions.  Where an addition to an existing building results in an increase in the number of residential dwelling units, the requirements of 233.3.1 shall apply only to the residential dwelling units that are added until the total number of residential dwelling units complies with the minimum number required by 233.3.1. Residential dwelling units required to comply with 233.3.1.1 shall be on an accessible route as required by 206.

11B-233.3.4 Alterations.

Alterations to a public housing facility shall comply with Section 11B-233.3.4. 

[2010 ADAS] 233.3.4 Alterations.  Alterations shall comply with 233.3.4.

Exception:  Where compliance with Sections 11B-809.2,11B-809.3, or 11B-809.4 is technically infeasible, or where it is technically infeasible to provide an accessible route to a residential dwelling unit, the entity shall be permitted to alter or construct a comparable residential dwelling unit to comply with Sections 11B-809.2 through 11B-809.4 provided that the minimum number of residential dwelling units required by Sections 11B-233.3.1.1, 11B-233.3.1.2 and 11B-233.3.1.3, as applicable, is satisfied.

[2010 ADAS] EXCEPTION:  Where compliance with 809.2, 809.3, or 809.4 is technically infeasible, or where it is technically infeasible to provide an accessible route to a residential dwelling unit, the entity shall be permitted to alter or construct a comparable residential dwelling unit to comply with 809.2 through 809.4 provided that the minimum number of residential dwelling units required by 233.3.1.1 and 233.3.1.2, as applicable, is satisfied. 

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 233.3.4 Alterations Exception.  A substituted dwelling unit must be comparable to the dwelling unit that is not made accessible. Factors to be considered in comparing one dwelling unit to another should include the number of bedrooms; amenities provided within the dwelling unit; types of common spaces provided within the facility; and location with respect to community resources and services, such as public transportation and civic, recreational, and mercantile facilities.

11B-233.3.4.1 Alterations to vacated buildings.

Where a building is vacated for the purposes of alteration for use as public housing, and the altered building contains more than 15 residential dwelling units, at least 5 percent of the residential dwelling units shall comply with Sections 11B-809.2 through 11B-809.4 and shall be on an accessible route as required by Section 11B-206. Residential dwelling units with adaptable features shall be provided in compliance with Section 11B-233.3.1.2. In addition, at least 2 percent of the residential dwelling units shall comply with Section 11B-809.5 _|Residential Dwelling Units with Communication Features|_

[2010 ADAS] 233.3.4.1 Alterations to Vacated Buildings.  Where a building is vacated for the purposes of alteration, and the altered building contains more than 15 residential dwelling units, at least 5 percent of the residential dwelling units shall comply with 809.2 through 809.4 and shall be on an accessible route as required by 206. In addition, at least 2 percent of the residential dwelling units shall comply with 809.5.

Exception:  Where any portion of a building’s exterior is preserved, but the interior of the building is removed, including all structural portions of floors and ceilings and a new building intended for use as public housing is constructed behind the existing exterior, the building is considered a new building for determining the application of this chapter.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 233.3.4.1 Alterations to Vacated Buildings.  This provision is intended to apply where a building is vacated with the intent to alter the building. Buildings that are vacated solely for pest control or asbestos removal are not subject to the requirements to provide residential dwelling units with mobility features or communication features.

11B-233.3.4.2 Alterations to individual residential dwelling units.

In public housing facilities with individual residential dwelling units, where a bathroom or a kitchen is substantially altered, and at least one other room is altered, the requirements of Section 11B-233.3.1 shall apply to the altered residential dwelling units until the total number of residential dwelling units complies with the minimum number required by Sections 11B-233.3.1.1, 11B-233.3.1.2 and 11B-233.3.1.3. Residential dwelling units required to comply with Sections 11B-233.3.1.1 and 11B-233.3.1.2 shall be on an accessible route as required by Section 11B-206

[2010 ADAS] 233.3.4.2 Alterations to Individual Residential Dwelling Units.  In individual residential dwelling units, where a bathroom or a kitchen is substantially altered, and at least one other room is altered, the requirements of 233.3.1 shall apply to the altered residential dwelling units until the total number of residential dwelling units complies with the minimum number required by 233.3.1.1 and 233.3.1.2. Residential dwelling units required to comply with 233.3.1.1 shall be on an accessible route as required by 206.

Exception:  Where public housing facilities contain 15 or fewer residential dwelling units, the requirements of Sections 11B-233.3.1.1, 11B-233.3.1.2, and 11B-233.3.1.3 shall apply to the total number of residential dwelling units that are altered under a single contract, or are developed as a whole, whether or not located on a common site.

[2010 ADAS] EXCEPTION:  Where facilities contain 15 or fewer residential dwelling units, the requirements of 233.3.1.1 and 233.3.1.2 shall apply to the total number of residential dwelling units that are altered under a single contract, or are developed as a whole, whether or not located on a common site.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 233.3.4.2 Alterations to Individual Residential Dwelling Units.  Section 233.3.4.2 uses the terms "substantially altered" and "altered." A substantial alteration to a kitchen or bathroom includes, but is not limited to, alterations that are changes to or rearrangements in the plan configuration or replacement of cabinetry. Substantial alterations do not include normal maintenance or appliance and fixture replacement, unless such maintenance or replacement requires changes to or rearrangements in the plan configuration or replacement of cabinetry. The term "alteration" is defined both in Section 106 of these requirements and in the Department of Justice ADA regulations.
11B-233.3.5 Dispersion.

In public housing facilities, residential dwelling units required to provide mobility features complying with Sections 11B-809.2 through 11B-809.4 and residential dwelling units required to provide communication features complying with Section 11B-809.5, and adaptable features complying with Chapter 11A, Division IV shall be dispersed among the various types of residential dwelling units in the facility and shall provide choices of residential dwelling units comparable to, and integrated with, those available to other residents. 

[2010 ADAS] 233.3.5 Dispersion.  Residential dwelling units required to provide mobility features complying with 809.2 through 809.4 and residential dwelling units required to provide communication features complying with 809.5 shall be dispersed among the various types of residential dwelling units in the facility and shall provide choices of residential dwelling units comparable to, and integrated with, those available to other residents.

Exception:  In public housing facilities where multi-story residential dwelling units are one of the types of residential dwelling units provided, one-story residential dwelling units shall be permitted as a substitute for multi-story residential dwelling units where equivalent spaces and amenities are provided in the one-story residential dwelling unit.

[2010 ADAS] EXCEPTION:  Where multi-story residential dwelling units are one of the types of residential dwelling units provided, one-story residential dwelling units shall be permitted as a substitute for multi-story residential dwelling units where equivalent spaces and amenities are provided in the one-story residential dwelling unit.

11B-233.3.6 Graduate student and faculty housing at a place of education.

Housing facilities that are provided by or on behalf of a place of education, with residential dwelling units leased on a year round basis exclusively to graduate students or faculty, and that do not contain any public use or common use areas available for educational programming, are not subject to Section 11B-224 and shall comply with Section 11B-233.

ETA Editor's Note

This Access Board Note was taken from ADA Title II §35.151(e) New Construction and Alterations; Social Service Center Establishments, and ADA Title III §36.406(d) Standards for New Construction and Alterations; Social Service Center Establishments:

[ADA Titles II & III] U.S. Access Board's Note to Reader:

The Department of Justice’s ADA standards also require the following:

Social service center establishments.  Group homes, halfway houses, shelters, or similar social service center establishments that provide either temporary sleeping accommodations or residential dwelling units that are subject to this part _|of the Title III regulation or to this section of the Title II regulation|_ shall comply with the provisions of the 2010 Standards applicable to residential facilities, including, but not limited to, the provisions in sections 233 and 809.

(1) In sleeping rooms with more than 25 beds covered by this part _|of the Title III regulation or to this section of the title II regulation|_, a minimum of 5% of the beds shall have clear floor space complying with section 806.2.3 of the 2010 Standards.

(2) Facilities with more than 50 beds covered by this part _|of the Title III regulation or to this section of the Title II regulation|_ that provide common use bathing facilities shall provide at least one roll-in shower with a seat that complies with the relevant provisions of section 608 of the 2010 Standards.  Transfer-type showers are not permitted in lieu of a roll-in shower with a seat, and the exceptions in sections 608.3 and 608.4 for residential dwelling units are not permitted.  When separate shower facilities are provided for men and for women, at least one roll-in shower shall be provided for each group.

ETA Editor's Note

This Access Board Note was taken from ADA Title II §35.151(f) New Construction and Alterations; Housing at a Place of Education, and ADA Title III §36.406(e) Standards for New Construction and Alterations; Housing at a Place of Education:

[ADA Titles II & III] U.S. Access Board's Note to Reader:

The Department of Justice’s ADA standards also require the following:

Housing at a place of education.  Housing at a place of education that is subject to this part _|of the Title III regulation or to this section of the Title II regulation|_ shall comply with the provisions of the 2010 Standards applicable to transient lodging, including, but not limited to, the requirements for transient lodging guest rooms in sections 224 and 806, subject to the following exceptions. For the purposes of the application of this section, the term "sleeping room" is intended to be used interchangeably with the term "guest room" as it is used in the transient lodging standards.

(1) Kitchens within housing units containing accessible sleeping rooms with mobility features (including suites and clustered sleeping rooms) or on floors containing accessible sleeping rooms with mobility features shall provide turning spaces that comply with section 809.2.2 of the 2010 Standards and kitchen work surfaces that comply with section 804.3 of the 2010 Standards.

(2) Multi-bedroom housing units containing accessible sleeping rooms with mobility features shall have an accessible route throughout the unit in accordance with section 809.2 of the 2010 Standards.

(3) Apartments or townhouse facilities that are provided by or on behalf of a place of education, which are leased on a year-round basis exclusively to graduate students or faculty and do not contain any public use or common use areas available for educational programming, are not subject to the transient lodging standards and shall comply with the requirements for residential facilities in sections 233 and 809 of the 2010 Standards.

11B-234.1 General.

Amusement Rides shall comply with Section 11B-234.

Exception:  Mobile or portable amusement rides shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-234.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 234.1 General.  These requirements apply generally to newly designed and constructed amusement rides and attractions. A custom designed and constructed ride is new upon its first use, which is the first time amusement park patrons take the ride. With respect to amusement rides purchased from other entities, new refers to the first permanent installation of the ride, whether it is used off the shelf or modified before it is installed. Where amusement rides are moved after several seasons to another area of the park or to another park, the ride would not be considered newly designed or newly constructed.

Some amusement rides and attractions that have unique designs and features are not addressed by these requirements. In those situations, these requirements are to be applied to the extent possible. An example of an amusement ride not specifically addressed by these requirements includes "virtual reality" rides where the device does not move through a fixed course within a defined area. An accessible route must be provided to these rides. Where an attraction or ride has unique features for which there are no applicable scoping provisions, then a reasonable number, but at least one, of the features must be located on an accessible route. Where there are appropriate technical provisions, they must be applied to the elements that are covered by the scoping provisions.

Advisory 234.1 General Exception. Mobile or temporary rides are those set up for short periods of time such as traveling carnivals, State and county fairs, and festivals. The amusement rides that are covered by 234.1 are ones that are not regularly assembled and disassembled.

11B-234.2 Load and unload areas.

Load and unload areas serving amusement rides shall comply with Section 11B-1002.3.

11B-234.3 Minimum number.

Amusement rides shall provide at least one wheelchair space complying with Section 11B-1002.4, or at least one amusement ride seat designed for transfer complying with Section 11B-1002.5, or at least one transfer device complying with Section 11B-1002.6.

Exceptions:

1.      Amusement rides that are controlled or operated by the rider shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-234.3.

2.      Amusement rides designed primarily for children, where children are assisted on and off the ride by an adult, shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-234.3.

3.      Amusement rides that do not provide amusement ride seats shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-234.3

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 234.3 Minimum Number Exceptions 1 through 3.  Amusement rides controlled or operated by the rider, designed for children, or rides without ride seats are not required to comply with 234.3. These rides are not exempt from the other provisions in 234 requiring an accessible route to the load and unload areas and to the ride. The exception does not apply to those rides where patrons may cause the ride to make incidental movements, but where the patron otherwise has no control over the ride.

Advisory 234.3 Minimum Number Exception 2.  The exception is limited to those rides designed "primarily" for children, where children are assisted on and off the ride by an adult. This exception is limited to those rides designed for children and not for the occasional adult user. An accessible route to and turning space in the load and unload area will provide access for adults and family members assisting children on and off these rides.

11B-234.4 Existing amusement rides.

Where existing amusement rides are altered, the alteration shall comply with Section 11B-234.4.  

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 234.4 Existing Amusement Rides.  Routine maintenance, painting, and changing of theme boards are examples of activities that do not constitute an alteration subject to this section.
11B-234.4.1 Load and unload areas.

Where load and unload areas serving existing amusement rides are newly designed and constructed, the load and unload areas shall comply with Section 11B-1002.3.

11B-234.4.2 Minimum number.

Where the structural or operational characteristics of an amusement ride are altered to the extent that the amusement ride’s performance differs from that specified by the manufacturer or the original design, the amusement ride shall comply with Section 11B-234.3.

11B-235.1 General.

Recreational boating facilities shall comply with Section 11B-235

11B-235.2 Boat slips.

Boat slips complying with Section 11B-1003.3.1 shall be provided in accordance with Table 11B-235.2. Where the number of boat slips is not identified, each 40 feet (12192 mm) of boat slip edge provided along the perimeter of the pier shall be counted as one boat slip for the purpose of this section.

TABLE 11B-235.2 BOAT SLIPS

TOTAL NUMBER OF BOAT SLIPS PROVIDED IN FACILITY

MINIMUM NUMBER OF REQUIRED ACCESSIBLE BOAT SLIPS

1 to 25

1

26 to 50

2

51 to 100

3

101 to 150

4

151 to 300

5

301 to 400

6

401 to 500

7

501 to 600

8

601 to 700

9

701 to 800

10

801 to 900

11

901 to 1000

12

1001 and over

12, plus 1 for every 100, or fraction thereof, over 1000

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 235.2 Boat Slips.  The requirement for boat slips also applies to piers where boat slips are not demarcated. For example, a single pier 25 feet (7620 mm) long and 5 feet (1525 mm) wide (the minimum width specified by 1003.3) allows boats to moor on three sides. Because the number of boat slips is not demarcated, the total length of boat slip edge (55 feet, 17 m) must be used to determine the number of boat slips provided (two). This number is based on the specification in 235.2 that each 40 feet (12 m) of boat slip edge, or fraction thereof, counts as one boat slip. In this example, Table 235.2 would require one boat slip to be accessible.
11B-235.2.1 Dispersion.

Boat slips complying with Section 11B-1003.3.1 shall be dispersed throughout the various types of boat slips provided. Where the minimum number of boat slips required to comply with Section 11B-1003.3.1 has been met, no further dispersion shall be required.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 235.2.1 Dispersion.  Types of boat slips are based on the size of the boat slips; whether single berths or double berths, shallow water or deep water, transient or longer-term lease, covered or uncovered; and whether slips are equipped with features such as telephone, water, electricity or cable connections. The term "boat slip" is intended to cover any pier area other than launch ramp boarding piers where recreational boats are moored for purposes of berthing, embarking, or disembarking. For example, a fuel pier may contain boat slips, and this type of short term slip would be included in determining compliance with 235.2.
11B-235.3 Boarding piers at boat launch ramps.

Where boarding piers are provided at boat launch ramps, at least 5 percent, but no fewer than one, of the boarding piers shall comply with Section 11B-1003.3.2.

11B-236.1 General.

At least one of each type of exercise machine and equipment shall comply with Section 11B-1004

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 236.1 General.  Most strength training equipment and machines are considered different types. Where operators provide a biceps curl machine and cable-cross-over machine, both machines are required to meet the provisions in this section, even though an individual may be able to work on their biceps through both types of equipment.

Similarly, there are many types of cardiovascular exercise machines, such as stationary bicycles, rowing machines, stair climbers, and treadmills. Each machine provides a cardiovascular exercise and is considered a different type for purposes of these requirements.

11B-237.1 General.

Fishing  piers and platforms shall comply with Section 11B-1005

11B-238.1 General.

Golf facilities shall comply with Section 11B-238

11B-238.2 Golf courses.

Golf courses shall comply with Section 11B-238.2.

11B-238.2.1 Teeing grounds.

Where one teeing ground is provided for a hole, the teeing ground shall be designed and constructed so that a golf car can enter and exit the teeing ground. Where two teeing grounds are provided for a hole, the forward teeing ground shall be designed and constructed so that a golf car can enter and exit the teeing ground. Where three or more teeing grounds are provided for a hole, at least two teeing grounds, including the forward teeing ground, shall be designed and constructed so that a golf car can enter and exit each teeing ground.

Exception: In existing golf courses, the forward teeing ground shall not be required to be one of the teeing grounds on a hole designed and constructed so that a golf car can enter and exit the teeing ground where compliance is not feasible due to terrain. 

11B-238.2.2 Putting greens.

Putting greens shall be designed and constructed so that a golf car can enter and exit the putting green. 

11B-238.2.3 Weather shelters.

Where provided, weather shelters shall be designed and constructed so that a golf car can enter and exit the weather shelter and shall comply with Section 11B-1006.4.

11B-238.3 Practice putting greens, practice teeing grounds, and teeing stations at driving ranges.

At least 5 percent, but no fewer than one, of practice putting greens, practice teeing grounds, and teeing stations at driving ranges shall be designed and constructed so that a golf car can enter and exit the practice putting greens, practice teeing grounds, and teeing stations at driving ranges. 

11B-239.1 General.

Miniature golf facilities shall comply with Section 11B-239

11B-239.2 Minimum number.

At least 50 percent of holes on miniature golf courses shall comply with Section 11B-1007.3

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 239.2 Minimum Number.  Where possible, providing access to all holes on a miniature golf course is recommended. If a course is designed with the minimum 50 percent accessible holes, designers or operators are encouraged to select holes which provide for an equivalent experience to the maximum extent possible.         
11B-239.3 Miniature golf course configuration.

Miniature golf courses shall be configured so that the holes complying with Section 11B-1007.3 are consecutive. Miniature golf courses shall provide an accessible route from the last hole complying with Section 11B-1007.3 to the course entrance or exit without requiring travel through any other holes on the course.

Exception:  One break in the sequence of consecutive holes shall be permitted provided that the last hole on the miniature golf course is the last hole in the sequence. 

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 239.3 Miniature Golf Course Configuration.  Where only the minimum 50 percent of the holes are accessible, an accessible route from the last accessible hole to the course exit or entrance must not require travel back through other holes. In some cases, this may require an additional accessible route. Other options include increasing the number of accessible holes in a way that limits the distance needed to connect the last accessible hole with the course exit or entrance.
11B-240.1 General.

Play areas for children ages 2 and over shall comply with Section 11B-240. Where separate play areas are provided within a site for specific age groups, each play area shall comply with Section 11B-240.

Exceptions:

1.      Play areas located in family child care facilities where the proprietor actually resides shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-240.

2.      In existing play areas, where play components are relocated for the purposes of creating safe use zones and the ground surface is not altered or extended for more than one use zone, the play area shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-240.

3.      Amusement attractions shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-240.

4.      Where play components are altered and the ground surface is not altered, the ground surface shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-1008.2.6 unless required by Section 11B-202.4 _|Alterations; Path of Travel Requirements|_. 

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 240.1 General.  Play areas may be located on exterior sites or within a building. Where separate play areas are provided within a site for children in specified age groups (e.g., preschool (ages 2 to 5) and school age (ages 5 to 12)), each play area must comply with this section. Where play areas are provided for the same age group on a site but are geographically separated (e.g., one is located next to a picnic area and another is located next to a softball field), they are considered separate play areas and each play area must comply with this section.
11B-240.1.1 Additions.

Where play areas are designed and constructed in phases, the requirements of Section 11B-240 shall apply to each successive addition so that when the addition is completed, the entire play area complies with all the applicable requirements of Section 11B-240.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 240.1.1 Additions.  These requirements are to be applied so that when each successive addition is completed, the entire play area complies with all applicable provisions. For example, a play area is built in two phases. In the first phase, there are 10 elevated play components and 10 elevated play components are added in the second phase for a total of 20 elevated play components in the play area. When the first phase was completed, at least 5 elevated play components, including at least 3 different types, were to be provided on an accessible route. When the second phase is completed, at least 10 elevated play components must be located on an accessible route, and at least 7 ground level play components, including 4 different types, must be provided on an accessible route. At the time the second phase is complete, ramps must be used to connect at least 5 of the elevated play components and transfer systems are permitted to be used to connect the rest of the elevated play components required to be located on an accessible route.
11B-240.2 Play components.

Where provided, play components shall comply with Section 11B-240.2.

11B-240.2.1 Ground level play components.

Ground level play components shall be provided in the number and types required by Section 11B-240.2.1. Ground level play components that are provided to comply with Section 11B-240.2.1.1 shall be permitted to satisfy the additional number required by Section 11B-240.2.1.2 if the minimum required types of play components are satisfied. Where two or more required ground level play components are provided, they shall be dispersed throughout the play area and integrated with other play components. 

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 240.2.1 Ground Level Play Components.  Examples of ground level play components may include spring rockers, swings, diggers, and stand-alone slides. When distinguishing between the different types of ground level play components, consider the general experience provided by the play component. Examples of different types of experiences include, but are not limited to, rocking, swinging, climbing, spinning, and sliding.  A spiral slide may provide a slightly different experience from a straight slide, but sliding is the general experience and therefore a spiral slide is not considered a different type of play component from a straight slide.

Ground level play components accessed by children with disabilities must be integrated into the play area. Designers should consider the optimal layout of ground level play components accessed by children with disabilities to foster interaction and socialization among all children. Grouping all ground level play components accessed by children with disabilities in one location is not considered integrated.

Where a stand-alone slide is provided, an accessible route must connect the base of the stairs at the entry point to the exit point of the slide. A ramp or transfer system to the top of the slide is not required. Where a sand box is provided, an accessible route must connect to the border of the sand box. Accessibility to the sand box would be enhanced by providing a transfer system into the sand or by providing a raised sand table with knee clearance complying with 1008.4.3.

Ramps are preferred over transfer systems since not all children who use wheelchairs or other mobility devices may be able to use, or may choose not to use, transfer systems. Where ramps connect elevated play components, the maximum rise of any ramp run is limited to 12 inches (305 mm). Where possible, designers and operators are encouraged to provide ramps with a slope less than the 1:12 maximum. Berms or sculpted dirt may be used to provide elevation and may be part of an accessible route to composite play structures.

Platform lifts are permitted as a part of an accessible route. Because lifts must be independently operable, operators should carefully consider the appropriateness of their use in unsupervised settings.

11B-240.2.1.1 Minimum number and types.

Where ground level play components are provided, at least one of each type shall be on an accessible route and shall comply with Section 11B-1008.4

11B-240.2.1.2 Additional number and types.

Where elevated play components are provided, ground level play components shall be provided in accordance with Table 11B-240.2.1.2 and shall comply with Section 11B-1008.4.

Exception: If at least 50 percent of the elevated play components are connected by a ramp and at least 3 of the elevated play components connected by the ramp are different types of play components, the play area shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-240.2.1.2

TABLE 11B-240.2.1.2

NUMBER AND TYPES OF GROUND LEVEL PLAY COMPONENTS REQUIRED TO BE ON ACCESSIBLE ROUTES

NUMBER OF ELEVATED PLAY

COMPONENTS PROVIDED

MINIMUM NUMBER OF GROUND LEVEL PLAY COMPONENTS REQUIRED TO BE ON AN ACCESSIBLE ROUTE

MINIMUM NUMBER OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF GROUND LEVEL PLAY COMPONENTS REQUIRED TO BE ON AN ACCESSIBLE ROUTE

1

Not applicable

Not applicable

2 to 4

1

1

5 to 7

2

2

8 to 10

3

3

11 to 13

4

3

14 to 16

5

3

17 to 19

6

3

20 to 22

7

4

23 to 25

8

4

26 and over

8, plus 1 for each additional 3,

or fraction thereof, over 25

5

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 240.2.1.2 Additional Number and Types.  Where a large play area includes two or more composite play structures designed for the same age group, the total number of elevated play components on all the composite play structures must be added to determine the additional number and types of ground level play components that must be provided on an accessible route.
11B-240.2.2 Elevated play components.

Where elevated play components are provided, at least 50 percent shall be on an accessible route and shall comply with Section 11B-1008.4

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 240.2.2 Elevated Play Components.  A double or triple slide that is part of a composite play structure is one elevated play component. For purposes of this section, ramps, transfer systems, steps, decks, and roofs are not considered elevated play components. Although socialization and pretend play can occur on these elements, they are not primarily intended for play.

Some play components that are attached to a composite play structure can be approached or exited at the ground level or above grade from a platform or deck. For example, a climber attached to a composite play structure can be approached or exited at the ground level or above grade from a platform or deck on a composite play structure.  Play components that are attached to a composite play structure and can be approached from a platform or deck (e.g., climbers and overhead play components) are considered elevated play components. These play components are not considered ground level play components and do not count toward the requirements in 240.2.1.2 regarding the number of ground level play components that must be located on an accessible route.

11B-241.1 General.

Where provided, saunas and steam rooms shall comply with Section 11B-612.

Exception:  Where saunas or steam rooms are clustered at a single location, no more than 5 percent of the saunas and steam rooms, but no fewer than one, of each type in each cluster shall be required to comply with Section 11B-612

11B-242.1 General.

Swimming pools, wading pools, and spas shall comply with Section 11B-242.

11B-242.2 Swimming pools.

At least two accessible means of entry shall be provided for swimming pools. Accessible means of entry shall be swimming pool lifts complying with Section 11B-1009.2; sloped entries complying with Section 11B-1009.3; transfer walls complying with Section 11B-1009.4; transfer systems complying with Section 11B-1009.5; and pool stairs complying with Section 11B-1009.6. At least one accessible means of entry provided shall comply with Section 11B-1009.2 _|Pool Lifts|_ or Section 11B-1009.3 _|Sloped Entries|_.

Exceptions:

1.      Where a swimming pool has less than 300 linear feet (91 m) of swimming pool wall, no more than one accessible means of entry shall be required provided that the accessible means of entry is a swimming pool lift complying with Section 11B-1009.2 or sloped entry complying with Section 11B-1009.3.

2.      Wave action pools, leisure rivers, sand bottom pools, and other pools where user access is limited to one area shall not be required to provide more than one accessible means of entry provided that the accessible means of entry is a swimming pool lift complying with Section 11B-1009.2, a sloped entry complying with Section 11B-1009.3, or a transfer system complying with Section 11B-1009.5.

3.      Catch pools shall not be required to provide an accessible means of entry provided that the catch pool edge is on an accessible route

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 242.2 Swimming Pools.  Where more than one means of access is provided into the water, it is recommended that the means be different. Providing different means of access will better serve the varying needs of people with disabilities in getting into and out of a swimming pool. It is also recommended that where two or more means of access are provided, they not be provided in the same location in the pool. Different locations will provide increased options for entry and exit, especially in larger pools.

Advisory 242.2 Swimming Pools Exception 1.  Pool walls at diving areas and areas along pool walls where there is no pool entry because of landscaping or adjacent structures are to be counted when determining the number of accessible means of entry required.

11B-242.3 Wading pools.

At least one accessible means of entry shall be provided for wading pools. Accessible means of entry shall comply with sloped entries complying with Section 11B-1009.3

11B-242.4 Spas.

At least one accessible means of entry shall be provided for spas. Accessible means of entry shall comply with swimming pool lifts complying with Section 11B-1009.2; transfer walls complying with Section 11B-1009.4; or transfer systems complying with Section 11B-1009.5.

Exception:  Where spas are provided in a cluster, no more than 5 percent, but no fewer than one, spa in each cluster shall be required to comply with Section 11B-242.4.

11B-243.1 General.

Where shooting facilities with firing positions are designed and constructed at a site, at least 5 percent, but no fewer than one, of each type of firing position shall comply with Section 11B-1010

11B-244.1 General.

Religious facilities shall be accessible in accordance with the provisions of this code. Where specific areas within religious facilities contain more than one use, each portion shall comply with the applicable requirements for that use. 

DSA icon
Advisory 11B-244.1 General.  Religious facilities are exempt from federal ADA requirements, however no exception is provided for these types of facilities under the California Building Code (CBC) due to pre-existing and more stringent state regulations. Religious practice may restrict general access to specific areas, for example a raised altar area; however access for persons with disabilities to these areas may be required. The CBC requires raised areas of the facility to provide access by ramp, special access lift or elevator.  Religious beliefs and practices notwithstanding, architectural barriers are not permitted at participation areas. ◼
11B-245.1 General.

Commercial facilities located in private residences shall comply with Section 11B-245.

11B-245.2 Application.

When a commercial facility is located in a private residence, that portion used exclusively in the operation of the commercial facility or that portion used both for the commercial facility and for residential purposes is covered by the new construction and alterations requirements of this chapter.

Exception: The portion of the residence used exclusively as a residence is not required to be accessible in accordance with this chapter.

11B-245.3 Accessible elements required.

The accessible portion of the residence extends to those elements used to enter the commercial facility, including the front sidewalk, if any, the door or entryway, and hallways; and those portions of the residence, interior or exterior, available to or used by employees or visitors of the commercial facility, including restrooms.

11B-246.1 General.

Outdoor developed areas shall comply with Section 11B-246.

Exceptions:

1.      Where the enforcing agency finds that, in specific areas, the natural environment would be materially damaged by compliance with these regulations, such areas shall be subject to these regulations only to the extent that such material damage would not occur.

2.      Automobile access or accessible routes are not required when the enforcing agency determines compliance with this chapter would create an unreasonable hardship as defined in Chapter 2, Section 202.

DSA icon
Advisory 11B-246.1 General.  Additional information regarding accessibility best practices for outdoor occupancies can be found in the California State Parks Accessibility Guidelines available on the California State Parks website and the Draft Final Guidelines for Outdoor Developed Areas on the U.S. Access Board website.◼
11B-246.2 Camping facilities.

In camping facilities where campsites are provided, at least two campsites and one additional campsite for each 100 campsites or fraction thereof, shall be accessed by and connected to sanitary facilities by travel routes with a maximum slope of 1:12. Permanent toilet and bathing facilities serving campsites shall comply with Section 11B-603

11B-246.3 Beaches.

Beaches shall be accessible.

11B-246.4 Day use areas and vista points.

Day use areas, vista points, and similar areas shall be accessible.

11B-246.5 Picnic areas.

Where picnic tables are provided, at least one picnic table, and one additional table for each 20 tables or fraction thereof, shall be accessible and comply with Section 11B-902 _|Dining Surfaces and Work Surfaces|_

11B-246.6 Parking lots.

Parking lots shall comply with Sections 11B-208 and 11B-502 and shall be provided with curb cuts leading to adjacent walks, paths or trails. 

11B-246.7 Trails and paths.

Trails, paths and nature walk areas, or portions of them, shall be constructed with gradients permitting at least partial use by wheelchair occupants. Buildings and other functional areas shall be served by paths or walks with firm and stable surfaces.

11B-246.8 Nature trails.

Nature trails and similar educational and informational areas shall be accessible to individuals with vision impairments by the provision of rope guidelines, raised Arabic numerals and symbols, or other similar guide and assistance devices.

11B-247.1.1 General.

Detectable warnings shall be provided in accordance with Section 11B-247.1 and shall comply with Section 11B-705.1.

DSA icon
Advisory 11B-247.1.1 General.  Detectable warnings are provided for the benefit of persons with visual impairments to indicate transitions to potentially hazardous areas. ◼
11B-247.1.2 Where required.

Detectable warnings shall be provided where required by Section 11B-247.1.2. 

11B-247.1.2.1 Platform edges.

Platform boarding edges shall have detectable warnings complying with Sections 11B-705.1.1 and 11B-705.1.2.1

11B-247.1.2.2 Curb ramps.

Curb ramps shall have detectable warnings complying with Sections 11B-705.1.1 and 11B-705.1.2.2

11B-247.1.2.3 Islands or cut-through medians.

Islands or cut-through medians shall have detectable warnings complying with Sections 11B-705.1.1 and 11B-705.1.2.3

11B-247.1.2.4 Bus stops.

Where detectable warnings are provided at bus stop boarding and alighting areas in compliance with Section 11B-810.2.3, detectable warnings shall comply with Sections 11B-705.1.1 and 11B-705.1.2.4.

11B-247.1.2.5 Hazardous vehicular areas.

If a walk crosses or adjoins a vehicular way, and the walking surfaces are not separated by curbs, railings or other elements between the pedestrian areas and vehicular areas, the boundary between the areas shall be defined by a continuous detectable warning complying with Sections 11B-705.1.1 and 11B-705.1.2.5

11B-247.1.2.6 Reflecting pools.

The edges of reflecting pools shall be protected by railings, walls, warning curbs or detectable warnings complying with Sections 11B-705.1.1 and 11B-705.1.2.6

11B-247.1.2.7 Track crossings .

Where it is necessary to cross tracks to reach transit boarding platforms, detectable warnings complying with Sections 11B-705.1.1 and 11B-705.1.2.7 shall be provided. 

11B-247.2 Detectable directional texture.

At transit boarding platforms, the pedestrian access shall be identified with a detectable directional texture complying with Section 11B-705.2

11B-301.1 Scope.

The provisions of Division 3 shall apply where required by Division 2 or where referenced by a requirement in this chapter.

11B-302.1 General.

Floor and ground surfaces shall be stable, firm, and slip resistant and shall comply with 11B-302.

Exceptions:

1.      Within animal containment areas, floor and ground surfaces shall not be required to be stable, firm, and slip resistant.

2.      Areas of sport activity shall not be required to comply with 11B-302.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 302.1 General.  A stable surface is one that remains unchanged by contaminants or applied force, so that when the contaminant or force is removed, the surface returns to its original condition. A firm surface resists deformation by either indentations or particles moving on its surface. A slip-resistant surface provides sufficient frictional counterforce to the forces exerted in walking to permit safe ambulation.

DSA icon
Advisory 11B-302.1 General.  Outdoor walking surfaces are often constructed of concrete or asphalt.  Where permeable surfaces such as compacted decomposed granite or similar material are part of the accessible route, stabilizing admixtures or binders can help to provide a firm, stable and slip-resistant surface. Such surfaces should be edged or otherwise contained to provide stability. The maintenance required to keep these surfaces firm and stable should be considered when selecting such materials.

Additional information regarding accessible exterior surfaces is available on the US Access Board website at http://www.access-board.gov/research/completed-research/accessible-exterior-surfaces. ◼

11B-302.2 Carpet.

Carpet or carpet tile shall be securely attached and shall have a firm cushion, pad, or backing or no cushion or pad. Carpet or carpet tile shall have a level loop, textured loop, level cut pile, or level cut/uncut pile texture. Pile height shall be ½ inch (12.7 mm) maximum. Exposed edges of carpet shall be fastened to floor surfaces and shall have trim on the entire length of the exposed edge. Carpet edge trim shall comply with Section 11B-303 _|Changes in Level|_.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 302.2 Carpet.  Carpets and permanently affixed mats can significantly increase the amount of force (roll resistance) needed to propel a wheelchair over a surface. The firmer the carpeting and backing, the lower the roll resistance. A pile thickness up to ½ inch (13 mm) (measured to the backing, cushion, or pad) is allowed, although a lower pile provides easier wheelchair maneuvering. If a backing, cushion or pad is used, it must be firm. Preferably, carpet pad should not be used because the soft padding increases roll resistance.

DSA icon
Advisory 11B-302.2 Carpet.  The accessibility provisions of the California Building Code apply only to the design, alteration, and new construction of buildings and facilities, not to movable floor mats. However, if floor mats are built-in as part of new construction or alterations, and are part of an accessible route, they must comply with the accessibility provisions of this section and Section 11B-302.1 which requires firm, stable and slip-resistant surfaces along accessible routes.

However, in addition to circumstances in which the California Building Code applies to built-in floor mats, there may also be circumstances in which Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) requirements apply to floor mats that are not built in. If movable floor mats impede access for people with disabilities, they may need to be moved or removed under Section 36.304 of the ADA Title III regulations. That section requires that a public accommodation remove barriers in existing facilities where removing them is "readily achievable," that is, easily accomplishable and able to be carried out without much difficulty or expense. Even though the requirements of this chapter would not apply to the mats themselves, the ADA regulations can provide helpful guidance in ensuring that mats do not constitute barriers.◼

Carpet is shown in cross section with a pile height of 1/2 inch maximum, measured from the backing.

FIGURE 11B-302.2

CARPET PILE HEIGHT

11B-302.3 Openings.

Openings in floor or ground surfaces shall not allow passage of a sphere more than ½ inch (12.7 mm) diameter except as allowed in Sections 11B-407.4.3 _|Platform to Hoistway Clearance|_, 11B-409.4.3 _|Platform to Hoistway Clearance|_, 11B-410.4 _|Platform to Runway Clearance|_, 11B-810.5.3 _|Platform and Vehicle Floor Coordination|_ and 11B-810.10 _|Track Crossings|_. Elongated openings shall be placed so that the long dimension is perpendicular to the dominant direction of travel.

Elongated openings, such as in a grating, are shown in plan view with openings 1/2 inch maximum in one dimension.  The other dimension is longer (unspecified) and is perpendicular to the dominant direction of travel.

FIGURE 11B-302.3

ELONGATED OPENINGS IN FLOOR OR GROUND SURFACES

11B-303.1 General.

Where changes in level are permitted in floor or ground surfaces, they shall comply with Section 11B-303.

Exceptions:

1.      Animal containment areas shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-303.

2.      Areas of sport activity shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-303.

11B-303.2 Vertical.

Changes in level of ¼ inch (6.4 mm) high maximum shall be permitted to be vertical and without edge treatment.

[2010 ADAS] 303.2 Vertical.  Changes in level of ¼ inch high maximum shall be permitted to be vertical.

Elevation drawing of a change in level between the surfaces of two parallel planes with a vertical edge that is 1/4 inch high maximum.

FIGURE 11B-303.2

VERTICAL CHANGE IN LEVEL

11B-303.3 Beveled.

Changes in level between ¼ inch (6.4 mm) high minimum and ½ inch (12.7 mm) high maximum shall be beveled with a slope not steeper than 1:2.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 303.3 Beveled.  A change in level of ½ inch (13 mm) is permitted to be ¼ inch (6.4 mm) vertical plus ¼ inch (6.4 mm) beveled. However, in no case may the combined change in level exceed ½ inch (13 mm). Changes in level exceeding ½ inch (13 mm) must comply with 405 (Ramps) or 406 (Curb Ramps).
Elevation drawing of a change in level 1/4 to 2 inches high that is beveled with a slope of 1:2.

FIGURE 11B-303.3

BEVELED CHANGE IN LEVEL

11B-303.4 Ramps.

Changes in level greater than ½ inch (12.7 mm) high shall be ramped, and shall comply with Section 11B-405 or 11B-406.

11B-303.5 Warning curbs.

Abrupt changes in level exceeding 4 inches (102 mm) in a vertical dimension between walks, sidewalks or other pedestrian ways and adjacent surfaces or features shall be identified by warning curbs at least 6 inches (152 mm) in height above the walk or sidewalk surface.

Exceptions:

1.      A warning curb is not required between a walk or sidewalk and an adjacent street or driveway.

2.      A warning curb is not required when a guard or handrail is provided with a guide rail centered 2 inches (51 mm) minimum and 4 inches (102 mm) maximum above the surface of the walk or sidewalk.

11B-304.1 General.

Turning space shall comply with Section 11B-304.

11B-304.2 Floor or Ground Surfaces.

Floor or ground surfaces of a turning space shall comply with Section 11B-302. Changes in level are not permitted. 

Exception:  Slopes not steeper than 1:48 shall be permitted.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 304.2 Floor or Ground Surfaces Exception.  As used in this section, the phrase "changes in level" refers to surfaces with slopes and to surfaces with abrupt rise exceeding that permitted in 303.3. Such changes in level are prohibited in required clear floor and ground spaces, turning spaces, and in similar spaces where people using wheelchairs and other mobility devices must park their mobility aids such as in wheelchair spaces, or maneuver to use elements such as at doors, fixtures, and telephones. The exception permits slopes not steeper than 1:48.
11B-304.3 Size.

Turning space shall comply with Section 11B-304.3.1 or 11B-304.3.2.

11B-304.3.1 Circular space.

The turning space shall be a space of 60 inches (1524 mm) diameter minimum. The space shall be permitted to include knee and toe clearance complying with Section 11B-306.

11B-304.3.2 T-Shaped space.

The turning space shall be a T-shaped space within a 60 inch (1524 mm) square minimum with arms and base 36 inches (914 mm) wide minimum. Each arm of the T shall be clear of obstructions 12 inches (305 mm) minimum in each direction and the base shall be clear of obstructions 24 inches (610 mm) minimum. The space shall be permitted to include knee and toe clearance complying with Section 11B-306 only at the end of either the base or one arm.  

The T shape space is 36 inches wide at the top and stem within a 60 inch by 60 inch square.

FIGURE 11B-304.3.2

T-SHAPED TURNING SPACE

11B-304.4 Door swing.

Doors shall be permitted to swing into turning spaces.

11B-305.1 General.

Clear floor or ground space shall comply with Section 11B-305.

11B-305.2 Floor or ground surfaces.

Floor or ground surfaces of a clear floor or ground space shall comply with Section 11B-302. Changes in level are not permitted. 

Exception:  Slopes not steeper than 1:48 shall be permitted

11B-305.3 Size.

The clear floor or ground space shall be 30 inches (762 mm) minimum by 48 inches (1219 mm) minimum.

Clear floor or ground space is 30 inches by 48 inches minimum.

FIGURE 11B-305.3

CLEAR FLOOR OR GROUND SPACE

11B-305.4 Knee and toe clearance.

Unless otherwise specified, clear floor or ground space shall be permitted to include knee and toe clearance complying with Section 11B-306.

11B-305.5 Position.

Unless otherwise specified, clear floor or ground space shall be positioned for either forward or parallel approach to an element.

For a forward approach to an element, a clear floor or ground space, 30 inches by 48 inches minimum, is shown with the shorter dimension parallel to the wall or element. For a parallel approach to an element, a clear floor or ground space, 30 inches by 48 inches minimum, is shown with the longer dimension parallel to the wall or element.

FIGURE 11B-305.5

POSITION OF CLEAR FLOOR OR GROUND SPACE

11B-305.6 Approach.

One full unobstructed side of the clear floor or ground space shall adjoin an accessible route or adjoin another clear floor or ground space.  Clear floor or ground space may overlap an accessible route, unless specifically prohibited elsewhere in this chapter.

11B-305.7 Maneuvering clearance.

Where a clear floor or ground space is located in an alcove or otherwise confined on all or part of three sides, additional maneuvering clearance shall be provided in accordance with Sections 11B-305.7.1 and 11B-305.7.2.

11B-305.7.1 Forward approach.

Alcoves shall be 36 inches (914 mm) wide minimum where the depth exceeds 24 inches (610 mm).

For a forward approach, if the depth of the alcove is greater than 24 inches, the clear floor or ground space within the alcove must be 36 inches wide minimum.

FIGURE 11B-305.7.1

MANEUVERING CLEARANCE IN AN ALCOVE, FORWARD APPROACH

11B-305.7.2 Parallel approach.

Alcoves shall be 60 inches (1524 mm) wide minimum where the depth exceeds 15 inches (381 mm).

For a parallel approach, if the depth of the alcove is greater than 15 inches, then the length of the clear floor or ground space within the alcove must be 60 inches minimum.

FIGURE 11B-305.7.2

MANEUVERING CLEARANCE IN AN ALCOVE, PARALLEL APPROACH

11B-306.1 General.

Where space beneath an element is included as part of clear floor or ground space or turning space, the space shall comply with Section 11B-306. Additional space shall not be prohibited beneath an element but shall not be considered as part of the clear floor or ground space or turning space.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 306.1 General.  Clearances are measured in relation to the usable clear floor space, not necessarily to the vertical support for an element. When determining clearance under an object for required turning or maneuvering space, care should be taken to ensure the space is clear of any obstructions.
11B-306.2.1 General.

Space under an element between the finish floor or ground and 9 inches (229 mm) above the finish floor or ground shall be considered toe clearance and shall comply with Section 11B-306.2.

11B-306.2.2 Maximum depth.

Toe clearance shall extend 25 inches (635 mm) maximum under an element.

Exception:  Toe clearance shall extend 19 inches (483 mm) maximum under lavatories required to be accessible by Section 11B-213.3.4.

11B-306.2.3 Minimum required depth.

Where toe clearance is required at an element as part of a clear floor space, the toe clearance shall extend 17 inches (432 mm) minimum under the element.

Exceptions:

1.      The toe clearance shall extend 19 inches (483 mm) minimum under sinks required to be accessible by Section 11B-212.3.

2.      The toe clearance shall extend 19 inches (483 mm) minimum under built-in dining and work surfaces required to be accessible by Section 11B-226.1.

11B-306.2.4 Additional clearance.

Space extending greater than 6 inches (152 mm) beyond the available knee clearance at 9 inches (229 mm) above the finish floor or ground shall not be considered toe clearance.

11B-306.2.5 Width.

Toe clearance shall be 30 inches (762 mm) wide minimum.

306.2(a): Toes of a person in a wheelchair are shown extending for a maximum depth of 6 inches under an object that is 9 inches high minimum. 
306.2(b): Toe clearance at an element, as part of clear floor space, shall extend 17 to 25 inches under the element. The clear floor space is 30 inches wide minimum.

FIGURE 11B-306.2

TOE CLEARANCE

11B-306.3.1 General.

Space under an element between 9 inches (229 mm) and 27 inches (686 mm) above the finish floor or ground shall be considered knee clearance and shall comply with Section 11B-306.3.

Exception:  At lavatories required to be accessible by Section 11B-213.3.4, space between 9 inches (229 mm) and 29 inches (737 mm) above the finish floor or ground, shall be considered knee clearance.

11B-306.3.2 Maximum depth.

Knee clearance shall extend 25 inches (635 mm) maximum under an element at 9 inches (229 mm) above the finish floor or ground.

11B-306.3.3 Minimum required depth.

Where knee clearance is required under an element as part of a clear floor space, the knee clearance shall be 11 inches (279 mm) deep minimum at 9 inches (229 mm) above the finish floor or ground, and 8 inches (203 mm) deep minimum at 27 inches (686 mm) above the finish floor or ground.

Exceptions:

1.      At lavatories required to be accessible by Section 11B-213.3.4, the knee clearance shall be 27 inches (686 mm) high minimum above the finish floor or ground at a depth of 8 inches (203 mm) minimum increasing to 29 inches (737 mm) high minimum above the finish floor or ground at the front edge of a counter with a built-in lavatory or at the front edge of a wall-mounted lavatory fixture.

2.      At dining and work surfaces required to be accessible by Section 11B-226.1, knee clearance shall extend 19 inches (483 mm) deep minimum at 27 inches (686 mm) above the finish floor or ground.

11B-306.3.4 Clearance reduction.

Between 9 inches (229 mm) and 27 inches (686 mm) above the finish floor or ground, the knee clearance shall be permitted to reduce at a rate of 1 inch (25 mm) in depth for each 6 inches (152 mm) in height.

Exception:  The knee clearance shall not be reduced at built-in dining and work surfaces required to be accessible by Section 11B-226.1.

11B-306.3.5 Width.

Knee clearance shall be 30 inches (762 mm) wide minimum.

Figure 306.3(a) Knee Clearance: Elevation. Knee clearance is 27 inches high minimum above the floor or ground for a minimum depth of 8 inches, measured from the leading edge of the element. The vertical clearance decreases beyond this depth to a height of 9 inches minimum at depth of 11 inches minimum measured from the leading edge of the element. Figure 306.3(b) Knee Clearance: Plan. Combined knee and toe clearance can extend 25 inches maximum under an element. Figure 306.3(c) Knee Clearance Elevation at Lavatory: knee clearance is 29 " high minimum above floor at the front edge of the lavatory, 27" high minimum above the floor for a minimum depth of 8 inches, measured from the leading edge of the lavatory. The vertical clearance decreases beyond this depth to a height of 9 inches minimum at a depth of 11 inches minimum measured from the leading edge of the element.

FIGURE 11B-306.3 ‡‡
KNEE CLEARANCE

11B-307.1 General.

Protruding objects shall comply with Section 11B-307.

11B-307.2 Protrusion limits.

Objects with leading edges more than 27 inches (686 mm) and not more than 80 inches (2032 mm) above the finish floor or ground shall protrude 4 inches (102 mm) maximum horizontally into the circulation path.

Exception: Handrails shall be permitted to protrude 4½ inches (114 mm) maximum.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 307.2 Protrusion Limits.  When a cane is used and the element is in the detectable range, it gives a person sufficient time to detect the element with the cane before there is body contact. Elements located on circulation paths, including operable elements, must comply with requirements for protruding objects. For example, awnings and their supporting structures cannot reduce the minimum required vertical clearance. Similarly, casement windows, when open, cannot encroach more than 4 inches (100 mm) into circulation paths above 27 inches (685 mm).

 

A frontal view shows a person using a cane walking along a wall. A wall-mounted object more than 27 inches from the floor protrudes no more than 4 inches from the wall surface. An object overhead provides vertical clearance that is greater than 80 inches.

FIGURE 11B-307.2

LIMITS OF PROTRUDING OBJECTS

11B-307.3 Post-mounted objects.

Free-standing objects mounted on posts or pylons shall overhang circulation paths 12 inches (305 mm) maximum when located 27 inches (686 mm) minimum and 80 inches (2032 mm) maximum above the finish floor or ground. Where a sign or other obstruction is mounted between posts or pylons and the clear distance between the posts or pylons is greater than 12 inches (305 mm), the lowest edge of such sign or obstruction shall be 27 inches (686 mm) maximum or 80 inches (2032 mm) minimum above the finish floor or ground.

Exception:  The sloping portions of handrails serving stairs and ramps shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-307.3.

11B-307.3.1 Edges and corners.

Where signs or other objects are mounted on posts or pylons, and their bottom edges are less than 80 inches (2032 mm) above the floor or ground surface, the edges of such signs and objects shall be rounded or eased and the corners shall have a minimum radius of 1/8 inch (3.2 mm).

Elevation drawing (a) shows an object mounted more than 27 inches high on a post. The object protrudes 12 inches maximum from the post on both sides. Elevation (b) shows signs or other obstructions mounted between posts or pylons. One object has its lowest edge mounted 27 inches high maximum between posts that are more than 12 inches apart. Another object is mounted with its lowest edge 80 inches high minimum between posts that are more than 12 inches apart.

FIGURE 11B-307.3
POST-MOUNTED PROTRUDING OBJECTS

11B-307.4 Vertical clearance.

Vertical clearance shall be 80 inches (2032 mm) high minimum. Guardrails or other barriers shall be provided where the vertical clearance is less than 80 inches (2032 mm) high. The leading edge of such guardrail or barrier shall be located 27 inches (686 mm) maximum above the finish floor or ground. Where a guy support is used parallel to a circulation path, including but not limited to sidewalks, a guy brace, sidewalk guy or similar device shall be used to prevent an overhanging obstruction.

Exception:  Door closers and door stops shall be permitted to be 78 inches (1981 mm) minimum above the finish floor or ground.

11B-307.4.1 Guy braces.

Where a guy support is used within either the width of a circulation path or 24 inches maximum outside of a circulation path, a vertical guy brace, sidewalk guy or similar device shall be used to prevent a hazard or an overhead obstruction.

A person using a long cane is shown approaching a guy brace shown at 80" minimum above the floor.

FIGURE 11B-307.4.1

GUY BRACES

A person using a long cane is shown approaching the sloped underside of a staircase. A portion of the area below the stairs in front of the person has a vertical clearance less than 80 inches. A railing 27 inches high maximum separates this space from the areas where a vertical clearance at or above 80 inches is maintained.

FIGURE 11B-307.4

VERTICAL CLEARANCE

11B-307.5 Required clear width.

Protruding objects shall not reduce the clear width required for accessible routes.

11B-308.1 General.

Reach ranges shall comply with Section 11B-308.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 308.1 General.  The following table provides guidance on reach ranges for children according to age where building elements such as coat hooks, lockers, or operable parts are designed for use primarily by children. These dimensions apply to either forward or side reaches. Accessible elements and operable parts designed for adult use or children over age 12 can be located outside these ranges but must be within the adult reach ranges required by 308

Children's Reach Ranges

Forward or Side Reach

Ages 3 and 4

Ages 5 through 8

Ages 9 through 12

High (maximum)

36 in

(915 mm)

40 in (1015 mm)

44 in

(1120 mm)

Low

(minimum)

20 in

(510 mm)

18 in

(455 mm)

16 in

(405 mm)

11B-308.1.1 Electrical switches.

Controls and switches intended to be used by the occupant of a room or area to control lighting and receptacle outlets, appliances or cooling, heating and ventilating equipment, shall comply with Section 11B-308 except the low reach shall be measured to the bottom of the outlet box and the high reach shall be measured to the top of the outlet box.

11B-308.1.2 Electrical receptacle outlets.

Electrical receptacle outlets on branch circuits of 30 amperes or less and communication system receptacles shall comply with Section 11B-308 except the low reach shall be measured to the bottom of the outlet box and the high reach shall be measured to the top of the outlet box.

11B-308.2.1 Unobstructed.

Where a forward reach is unobstructed, the high forward reach shall be 48 inches (1219 mm) maximum and the low forward reach shall be 15 inches (381 mm) minimum above the finish floor or ground.

A side view is shown of a person suing a wheelchair reaching toward a wall. The lowest vertical reach point is 15 inches minimum and the highest is 48 inches maximum.

FIGURE 11B-308.2.1

UNOBSTRUCTED FORWARD REACH

11B-308.2.2 Obstructed high reach.

Where a high forward reach is over an obstruction, the clear floor space shall extend beneath the element for a distance not less than the required reach depth over the obstruction. The high forward reach shall be 48 inches (1219 mm) maximum where the reach depth is 20 inches (508 mm) maximum. Where the reach depth exceeds 20 inches (508 mm), the high forward reach shall be 44 inches (1118 mm) maximum and the reach depth shall be 25 inches (635 mm) maximum.

Figure (a) shows a person seated in a wheelchair reaching a point on a wall above a protrusion, such as a wall-mounted counter, which is 20 inches deep maximum. The maximum reach height is 48 inches. In figure (b), the obstruction is more than 20 inches deep, with 25 inches the maximum depth. The maximum reach height is 44 inches.

FIGURE 11B-308.2.2

OBSTRUCTED HIGH FORWARD REACH

11B-308.3.1 Unobstructed.

Where a clear floor or ground space allows a parallel approach to an element and the side reach is unobstructed, the high side reach shall be 48 inches (1219 mm) maximum and the low side reach shall be 15 inches (381 mm) minimum above the finish floor or ground. 

Exceptions:

1.      An obstruction shall be permitted between the clear floor or ground space and the element where the depth of the obstruction is 10 inches (254 mm) maximum.

2.      Operable parts of fuel dispensers shall be permitted to be 54 inches (1372 mm) maximum measured from the surface of the vehicular way where fuel dispensers are installed on existing curbs.

The drawing shows a frontal view of a person using a wheelchair making a side reach to a wall. The depth of reach is 10 inches maximum. The vertical reach range is 15 inches minimum to 48 inches maximum.

FIGURE 11B-308.3.1

UNOBSTRUCTED SIDE REACH

11B-308.3.2 Obstructed high reach.

Where a clear floor or ground space allows a parallel approach to an element and the high side reach is over an obstruction, the height of the obstruction shall be 34 inches (864 mm) maximum and the depth of the obstruction shall be 24 inches (610 mm) maximum. The high side reach shall be 48 inches (1219 mm) maximum for a reach depth of 10 inches (254 mm) maximum. Where the reach depth exceeds 10 inches (254 mm), the high side reach shall be 46 inches (1168 mm) maximum for a reach depth of 24 inches (610 mm) maximum. 

Exceptions:

1.      The top of washing machines and clothes dryers shall be permitted to be 36 inches (914 mm) maximum above the finish floor.

2.      Operable parts of fuel dispensers shall be permitted to be 54 inches (1372 mm) maximum measured from the surface of the vehicular way where fuel dispensers are installed on existing curbs.

Figure (a) shows a person seated in a wheelchair reaching a point on a wall above a protrusion, such as a wall-mounted counter, which is 20 inches deep maximum. The maximum reach height is 48 inches. In figure (b), the obstruction is more than 20 inches deep, with 25 inches the maximum depth. The maximum reach height is 44 inches.

FIGURE 11B-308.3.2

OBSTRUCTED HIGH SIDE REACH
 

11B-308.4 Suggested reach ranges for children.

Where building elements such as coat hooks, lockers, or operable parts are designed for use primarily by children, the suggested dimensions of Table 11B-308.4 shall be permitted. These dimensions apply to either forward or side reaches.

TABLE 11B-308.4  SUGGESTED DIMENSIONS FOR CHILDREN'S USE

SUGGESTED REACH RANGES FOR CHILDREN AGES 3 THROUGH 12

Forward or Side Reach

Ages 3 and 4

Ages 5 through 8

Ages 9 through 12

High (maximum)

36 inches (914 mm)

40 inches (1016 mm)

44 inches (1118 mm)

Low (minimum)

20 inches (508 mm)

18 inches (457 mm)

16 inches (406 mm)

11B-309.1 General.

Operable parts shall comply with Section 11B-309.

11B-309.2 Clear floor space.

A clear floor or ground space complying with Section 11B-305 shall be provided.

11B-309.3 Height.

Operable parts shall be placed within one or more of the reach ranges specified in Section 11B-308.

11B-309.4 Operation.

Operable parts shall be operable with one hand and shall not require tight grasping, pinching, or twisting of the wrist. The force required to activate operable parts shall be 5 pounds (22.2 N) maximum.

Exception:  Gas pump nozzles shall not be required to provide operable parts that have an activating force of 5 pounds (22.2 N) maximum.

11B-401.1 Scope.

The provisions of Division 4 shall apply where required by Division 2 or where referenced by a requirement in this chapter.

11B-402.1 General.

Accessible routes shall comply with Section 11B-402.

11B-402.2 Components.

Accessible routes shall consist of one or more of the following components: walking surfaces with a running slope not steeper than 1:20, doorways, ramps, curb ramps excluding the flared sides, elevators, and platform lifts. All components of an accessible route shall comply with the applicable requirements of Division 4.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 402.2 Components.  Walking surfaces must have running slopes not steeper than 1:20, see 403.3. Other components of accessible routes, such as ramps (405) and curb ramps (406), are permitted to be more steeply sloped.
11B-403.1 General.

Walking surfaces that are a part of an accessible route shall comply with Section 11B-403.

11B-403.2 Floor or ground surface.

Floor or ground surfaces shall comply with Section 11B-302.

11B-403.3 Slope.

The running slope of walking surfaces shall not be steeper than 1:20. The cross slope of walking surfaces shall not be steeper than 1:48.

Exception:  The running slope of sidewalks shall not exceed the general grade established for the adjacent street or highway.

DSA icon
Advisory 11B-403.3 Slope.  There is an important distinction between a “sidewalk” and a “walk”, and they are treated differently under the California Building Code.  A sidewalk is contiguous to a street while a walk is not.

When the running slope of a walking surface exceeds 5%, it must comply with the accessibility requirements for ramps.

A sloping sidewalk with a running slope in excess of 5% is excluded from ramp requirements for landings and handrails but it must comply with cross-slope and width requirements.◼

ETA Editor's Note

The 2013 CBC Exception at 11B-403.3 is not present in 2010 ADAS.  Therefore, technically, 2010 ADAS are more stringent with regard to the slope of sidewalks at streets or highways. CBC does not define street or highway, but does define sidewalk as " ... contiguous to a street used by the public."  It is inferable, whether intended or not, that sidewalks serving as accessible routes alongside private roadways are not excepted from the slope limitation.

In 2011, the U.S. Access Board published in the Federal Register its Proposed Guidelines for Pedestrian Facilities in the Public Right-Of-Way, along with a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking.  The public comment period was concluded in 2012, and the guidelines are in the Final Rulemaking stage now.  Until these become law, the Access Board is offering guidance on its website, where one can also request technical assistance and/or sign up for updates as to the rulemaking status: http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/streets-sidewalks/public-rights-of-way/

In 2013, in response to feedback, the U.S. Access Board issued a proposed Supplemental Rule to address accessibility for Shared Use Paths (used by pedestrians, bicyclists and others for transportation or recreation), distinguished from sidewalks, as well as from trails.

News regarding these regulations is also available, and regularly updated, on ETA's website: http://www.evanterry.com/

11B-403.4 Changes in level.

Changes in level shall comply with Section 11B-303.

11B-403.5 Clearances.

Walking surfaces shall provide clearances complying with Section 11B-403.5.

Exception:  Within employee work areas, clearances on common use circulation paths shall be permitted to be decreased by work area equipment provided that the decrease is essential to the function of the work being performed.

11B-403.5.1 Clear width.

Except as provided in Sections 11B-403.5.2 and 11B-403.5.3, the clear width of walking surfaces shall be 36 inches (914 mm) minimum.

Exceptions:

1.      The clear width shall be permitted to be reduced to 32 inches (813 mm) minimum for a length of 24 inches (610 mm) maximum provided that reduced width segments are separated by segments that are 48 inches (1219 mm) long minimum and 36 inches (914 mm) wide minimum.

2.      The clear width for walking surfaces in corridors serving an occupant load of 10 or more shall be 44 inches (1118 mm) minimum.

3.      The clear width for sidewalks and walks shall be 48 inches (1219 mm) minimum. When, because of right-of-way restrictions, natural barriers or other existing conditions, the enforcing agency determines that compliance with the 48-inch (1219 mm) clear sidewalk width would create an unreasonable hardship, the clear width may be reduced to 36 inches (914 mm).

4.      The clear width for aisles shall be 36 inches (914 mm) minimum if serving elements on only one side, and 44 inches (1118 mm) minimum if serving elements on both sides.

5.      The clear width for accessible routes to accessible toilet compartments shall be 44 inches (1118 mm) except for door-opening widths and door swings.

ETA Editor's Note

The 2013 CBC Exceptions 2, 3 and 4 at 11B-403.5.1 are not present in 2010 ADAS.  Therefore, 2013 CBC requirements related to the clear width of accessible routes are more stringent.

 

Shown in plan view, the minimum clear width of walking surfaces is 36 inches minimum, but can be reduced to 32 inches for a length of 24 inches maximum, provided that the reduced width segments are at least 48 inches apart.

FIGURE 11B-403.5.1

CLEAR WIDTH OF AN ACCESSIBLE ROUTE

11B-403.5.2 Clear width at turn.

Where the accessible route makes a 180 degree turn around an element which is less than 48 inches (1219 mm)  wide, clear width shall be 42 inches (1067 mm)  minimum approaching the turn, 48 inches (1219 mm)  minimum at the turn and 42 inches (1067 mm)  minimum leaving the turn.

Exception: Where the clear width at the turn is 60 inches (1524 mm) minimum compliance with Section 11B-403.5.2 shall not be required.

Two alternative plan views are shown of an accessible route that has a 180 degree turn about an object less than 48 inches wide. In figure (a), the clear width is 42 inches minimum approaching the turn, 48 inches minimum at the turn, and 42 inches minimum leaving the turn.  In figure (b), the clear width is 36 inches minimum approaching the turn, 60 inches minimum at the turn, and 36 inches minimum leaving the turn.

FIGURE 11B-403.5.2

CLEAR WIDTH AT TURN

11B-403.5.3 Passing spaces.

An accessible route with a clear width less than 60 inches (1524 mm) shall provide passing spaces at intervals of 200 feet (60,960 mm) maximum. Passing spaces shall be either: a space 60 inches (1524 mm) minimum by 60 inches (1524 mm) minimum; or, an intersection of two walking surfaces providing a T-shaped space complying with Section 11B-304.3.2 where the base and arms of the T-shaped space extend 48 inches (1219 mm) minimum beyond the intersection.

[S.H. 1133B.7.1]
11B-403.6 Handrails.

Where handrails are provided along walking surfaces with running slopes not steeper than 1:20 they shall comply with Section 11B-505.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 403.6 Handrails.  Handrails provided in elevator cabs and platform lifts are not required to comply with the requirements for handrails on walking surfaces.
11B-403.7 Continuous gradient.

All walks with continuous gradients shall have resting areas, 60 inches (1524 mm) in length, at intervals of 400 feet (121,920 mm) maximum. The resting area shall be at least as wide as the walk. The slope of the resting area in all directions shall be 1:48 maximum.

ETA Editor's Note

2013 CBC requirement 11B-403.7 is not present in 2010 ADAS.  Therefore, 2013 CBC requirements related to continuous gradients are more stringent.

11B-404.1 General.

Doors, doorways, and gates that are part of an accessible route shall comply with Section 11B-404.

Exceptions:

1.      Doors, doorways, and gates designed to be operated only by security personnel shall not be required to comply with Sections 11B-404.2.7, 11B-404.2.8, 11B-404.2.9, 11B-404.3.2 and 11B-404.3.4 through 11B-404.3.7A sign visible from the approach side complying with Section 11B-703.5 _|Signs; Visual Characters|_ shall be posted stating “Entry restricted and controlled by security personnel”.

2.      At detention and correctional facilities, doors, doorways, and gates designed to be operated only by security personnel shall not be required to comply with Sections 11B-404.2.7, 11B-404.2.8, 11B-404.2.9, 11B-404.3.2 and 11B-404.3.4 through 11B-404.3.7.

[2010 ADAS] EXCEPTION:  Doors, doorways, and gates designed to be operated only by security personnel shall not be required to comply with 404.2.7, 404.2.8, 404.2.9, 404.3.2 and 404.3.4 through 404.3.7.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 404.1 General Exception.  Security personnel must have sole control of doors that are eligible for the Exception at 404.1. It would not be acceptable for security personnel to operate the doors for people with disabilities while allowing others to have independent access.

ETA Editor's Note

2013 CBC provides a second exception at 11B-404.1 to distinguish doors that are operated only by security personnel at detention and correctional facilities vs. other facility types.  The latter are required to have an informational sign, while the former are not.

11B-404.2 Manual doors, doorways, and manual gates.

Manual doors and doorways and manual gates intended for user passage shall comply with Section 11B-404.2.

11B-404.2.1 Revolving doors, gates, and turnstiles.

Revolving doors, revolving gates, and turnstiles shall not be part of an accessible route.

11B-404.2.2 Double-leaf doors and gates.

At least one of the active leaves of doorways with two leaves shall comply with Sections 11B-404.2.3 and 11B-404.2.4.

11B-404.2.3 Clear width.

Door openings shall provide a clear width of 32 inches (813 mm) minimum. Clear openings of doorways with swinging doors shall be measured between the face of the door and the stop, with the door open 90 degrees. Openings more than 24 inches (610 mm) deep shall provide a clear opening of 36 inches (914 mm) minimum. There shall be no projections into the required clear opening width lower than 34 inches (864 mm) above the finish floor or ground. Projections into the clear opening width between 34 inches (864 mm) and 80 inches (2032 mm) above the finish floor or ground shall not exceed 4 inches (102 mm).

Exceptions:

1.      In alterations, a projection of 5/8 inch (15.9 mm) maximum into the required clear width shall be permitted for the latch side stop.

2.      Door closers and door stops shall be permitted to be 78 inches (1981 mm) minimum above the finish floor or ground.

 

Figure (a) shows in plan view a hinged door open 90 degrees with a clear opening width 32 inches minimum, measured from the face of the door to the opposite stop. Figure (b) shows an open sliding door with a clear opening width 32 inches minimum. Figure (c) shows an open folding door with a clear opening width 32 inches minimum.

FIGURE 11B-404.2.3

CLEAR WIDTH OF DOORWAYS

11B-404.2.4 Maneuvering clearances.

Minimum maneuvering clearances at doors and gates shall comply with Section 11B-404.2.4. Maneuvering clearances shall extend the full width of the doorway and the required latch side or hinge side clearance. 

Exception:  Reserved.

[2010 ADAS] EXCEPTION:  Entry doors to hospital patient rooms shall not be required to provide the clearance beyond the latch side of the door.

ETA Editor's Note

2013 CBC does not include the 2010 ADAS Exception at 404.2.4.  Therefore, 2013 CBC requirements related to entry doors at patient rooms are more stringent.

11B-404.2.4.1 Swinging doors and gates.

Swinging doors and gates shall have maneuvering clearances complying with Table 11B-404.2.4.1.

TABLE 11B-404.2.4.1

MANEUVERING CLEARANCES AT MANUAL SWINGING DOORS AND GATES

TYPE OF USE

MINIMUM MANEUVERING CLEARANCE

Approach direction

Door or gate side

Perpendicular to doorway

Parallel to doorway (beyond latch side unless noted)

From front

Pull

60 inches (1524 mm)

18 inches (457 mm)5

From front

Push

48 inches (1219 mm)

0 inches (0 mm)1

From hinge side

Pull

60 inches (1524 mm)

36 inches (914 mm)

From hinge side

Push

44 inches (1118 mm)[2010 ADAS] 42 inches, add 6 inches if closer and latch provided

22 inches (559 mm)3

From latch side

Pull

60 inches (1524 mm) [2010 ADAS] 48 inches, add 6" if closer provided

24 inches (610 mm)

From latch side

Push

44 inches (1118 mm)4 [2010 ADAS] 42 inches, add 6" if closer provided

24 inches (610 mm)

1.  Add 12 inches (305 mm) if closer and latch are provided.

2.  Add 4 inches (102 mm) if closer and latch are provided.

3.  Beyond hinge side.

4.  Add 4 inches (102 mm) if closer is provided.

5.  Add 6 inches (152 mm) at exterior side of exterior doors.

Figure (a) Front approach, pull side. Maneuvering space on the pull side extends 18 inches minimum beyond the latch side of the door and 60 inches minimum perpendicular to the doorway.
Figure (b) Front approach, push side. Maneuvering space on the push side of doors not equipped with a closer or latch is the same width as the door opening and extends 48 inches minimum perpendicular to the doorway.

FIGURE 11B-404.2.4.1 ‡‡

MANEUVERING CLEARANCES AT MANUAL SWINGING DOORS AND GATES

 

Figure (c) Front approach, push side, door with both closer and latch. Maneuvering space on the push side of doors equipped with both a closer and a latch extends 12 inches minimum beyond the latch side of the door and 48 inches minimum perpendicular to the doorway.
Figure (d) Hinge approach, pull side. Maneuvering space on the pull side extends 36 inches minimum beyond the latch side of the door and 60 inches minimum perpendicular to the doorway.

FIGURE 11B-404.2.4.1 ‡‡

MANEUVERING CLEARANCES AT MANUAL SWINGING DOORS AND GATES

 

Reserved - model code figure not applicable
Figure (f) Hinge approach, push side. Maneuvering space extends 22 inches from the hinge side of the doorway and 44 inches minimum perpendicular to the doorway.

FIGURE 11B-404.2.4.1 ‡‡

MANEUVERING CLEARANCES AT MANUAL SWINGING DOORS AND GATES

 

Figure (g) Hinge approach, push side, door with both closer and latch. Maneuvering space extends 22 inches from the hinge side of the doorway and 48 inches minimum perpendicular to the doorway at doors with both a closer and a latch.
Figure (h) Latch approach, pull side. Maneuvering space on the pull side extends 24 inches minimum beyond the latch side of the door and 60 inches minimum perpendicular to the doorway.

FIGURE 11B-404.2.4.1 ‡‡

MANEUVERING CLEARANCES AT MANUAL SWINGING DOORS AND GATES

 

Reserved - model code figure not applicable
Figure (j) Latch approach, push side. Maneuvering space extends 24 inches from the latch side of the doorway and 44 inches minimum perpendicular to the doorway.
Figure (k) Latch approach, push side, door provided with closer. Maneuvering space extends 24 inches from the latch side of the doorway and 48 inches minimum perpendicular to the doorway if the door has a closer.

FIGURE 11B-404.2.4.1 ‡‡

MANEUVERING CLEARANCES AT MANUAL SWINGING DOORS AND GATES

11B-404.2.4.2 Doorways without doors or gates, sliding doors, and folding doors .

Doorways less than 36 inches (914 mm) wide without doors or gates, sliding doors, or folding doors shall have maneuvering clearances complying with Table 11B-404.2.4.2.

TABLE 11B-404.2.4.2

MANEUVERING CLEARANCES AT DOORWAYS WITHOUT DOORS OR GATES, MANUAL SLIDING DOORS, AND MANUAL FOLDING DOORS

 

MINIMUM MANEUVERING CLEARANCE

Approach direction

Perpendicular to doorway

Parallel to doorway (beyond stop/latch side unless noted)

From Front

48 inches (1219 mm)

0 inches (0 mm)

From side1

42 inches (1067 mm)

0 inches (0 mm)

From pocket/hinge side

42 inches (1067 mm)

22 inches (559 mm)2

From stop/latch side

42 inches (1067 mm)

24 inches (610 mm)

1.  Doorway with no door only.
2.  Beyond pocket/hinge side.

Figure (a) shows a front approach to a sliding or folding (accordion) door. Maneuvering clearance is as wide as the door opening and 48 inches minimum perpendicular to the opening.
Figure (b) shows a doorway without a door. For a side approach, maneuvering clearance is as wide as the doorway and 42 inches minimum perpendicular to the doorway.

FIGURE 11B-404.2.4.2

MANEUVERING CLEARANCES AT DOORWAYS WITHOUT DOORS, SLIDING DOORS, GATES, AND FOLDING DOORS

Figure (c) shows a pocket or hinge approach. Maneuvering clearance extends 22 inches from the pocket or hinge side and is 42 inches minimum perpendicular to the doorway.
Figure (d) shows a stop or latch approach. Maneuvering clearance extends 24 inches from the stop or latch side and is 42 inches minimum perpendicular to the doorway.

FIGURE 11B-404.2.4.2

MANEUVERING CLEARANCES AT DOORWAYS WITHOUT DOORS, SLIDING DOORS, GATES, AND FOLDING DOORS

11B-404.2.4.3 Recessed doors and gates .

Maneuvering clearances for forward approach shall be provided when any obstruction within 18 inches (457 mm) of the latch side at an interior doorway, or within 24 inches (610 mm) of the latch side of an exterior doorway, projects more than 8 inches (203 mm) beyond the face of the door, measured perpendicular to the face of the door or gate.

[2010 ADAS] 404.2.4.3 Recessed Doors and Gates.  Maneuvering clearances for forward approach shall be provided when any obstruction within 18 inches (455 mm) of the latch side of a doorway projects more than 8 inches (205 mm) beyond the face of the door, measured perpendicular to the face of the door or gate.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 404.2.4.3 Recessed Doors and Gates.  A door can be recessed due to wall thickness or because of the placement of casework and other fixed elements adjacent to the doorway. This provision must be applied wherever doors are recessed.

ETA Editor's Note

2013 CBC latch side clearance at exterior doors is more stringent than 2010 ADAS.

Figure (a) shows front approach at doors recessed more than 8 inches. Maneuvering space on the pull side extends 18 inches minimum beyond the latch side of interior doors, 24 inches minimum beyond the latch side of exterior doors, and 60 inches minimum perpendicular to the plane of the doorway.
Figure (b) shows front approaches at doors recessed more than 8 inches. On the push side of doors not equipped with a closer or latch, the maneuvering space is the same width as the door opening and extends 48 inches minimum perpendicular to the plane of the doorway.
Figure (c) shows front approach at doors recessed more than 8 inches. On the push side of doors equipped with both a closer and a latch, the maneuvering space extends 12 inches minimum beyond the latch side of the door and 48 inches minimum measured perpendicular to the plane of the doorway.

FIGURE 11B-404.2.4.3 ‡‡

MANEUVERING CLEARANCES AT RECESSED DOORS AND GATES

11B-404.2.4.4 Floor or ground surface.

Floor or ground surface within required maneuvering clearances shall comply with Section 11B-302. Changes in level are not permitted.

Exceptions:

1.      Slopes not steeper than 1:48 shall be permitted.

2.      Changes in level at thresholds complying with Section 11B-404.2.5 shall be permitted.

11B-404.2.5 Thresholds.

Thresholds, if provided at doorways, shall be ½ inch (12.7 mm) high maximum. Raised thresholds and changes in level at doorways shall comply with Sections 11B-302 and 11B-303.

Exception:  Reserved.

[2010 ADAS] EXCEPTION:  Existing or altered thresholds ¾ inch (19 mm) high maximum that have a beveled edge on each side with a slope not steeper than 1:2 shall not be required to comply with 404.2.5.

11B-404.2.6 Doors in series and gates in series .

The distance between two hinged or pivoted doors in series and gates in series shall be 48 inches (1219 mm) minimum plus the width of doors or gates swinging into the space.

Figure (a) shows two doors in series which swing in the same direction. Space between the doors must be at least 48 inches minimum plus the width of the in-swinging door. Figure (b) shows two doors in series which swing away from the space between the doors. The space separating the doors must be at least 48 inches long.

FIGURE 11B-404.2.6

DOORS IN SERIES AND GATES IN SERIES

11B-404.2.7 Door and gate hardware.

Handles, pulls, latches, locks, and other operable parts on doors and gates shall comply with Section 11B-309.4. Operable parts of such hardware shall be 34 inches (864 mm) minimum and 44 inches (1118 mm) maximum above the finish floor or ground. Where sliding doors are in the fully open position, operating hardware shall be exposed and usable from both sides. 

Exceptions:

1.      Existing locks shall be permitted in any location at existing glazed doors without stiles, existing overhead rolling doors or grilles, and similar existing doors or grilles that are designed with locks that are activated only at the top or bottom rail.

2.      Access gates in barrier walls and fences protecting pools, spas, and hot tubs shall be permitted to have operable parts of the release of latch on self-latching devices at 54 inches (1372 mm) maximum above the finish floor or ground provided the self-latching devices are not also self-locking devices and operated by means of a key, electronic opener, or integral combination lock.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 404.2.7 Door and Gate Hardware.  Door hardware that can be operated with a closed fist or a loose grip accommodates the greatest range of users. Hardware that requires simultaneous hand and finger movements require greater dexterity and coordination and is not recommended.

DSA icon
Advisory 11B-404.2.7 Door and gate hardware.  In addition to the requirements of this section, designers should be aware of the Part 12, Section 12-10-202(f) requirement for lever hardware as adopted by the State Fire Marshal.  The lever of lever actuated latches or locks must be curved with a return to within ½ inch of the door to prevent catching on the clothing of persons during egress. ◼

11B-404.2.8 Closing speed.

Door and gate closing speed shall comply with Section 11B-404.2.8.

11B-404.2.8.1 Door closers and gate closers.

Door closers and gate closers shall be adjusted so that from an open position of 90 degrees, the time required to move the door to a position of 12 degrees from the latch is 5 seconds minimum. 

11B-404.2.8.2 Spring hinges.

Door and gate spring hinges shall be adjusted so that from the open position of 70 degrees, the door or gate shall move to the closed position in 1.5 seconds minimum.

ETA Editor's Note

In previous editions of CBC, the door closing speed limitation differed from ADA, but in 2013 CBC and 2010 ADAS, they are aligned.  Also, there was no provision for spring hinges in previous CBC editions.

11B-404.2.9 Door and gate opening force .

The force for pushing or pulling open a door or gate shall be as follows:

[2010 ADAS] 404.2.9 Door and Gate Opening Force.  Fire doors shall have a minimum opening force allowable by the appropriate Administrative Authority. The force for pushing or pulling open a door or gate other than fire doors shall be as follows:

1.      Interior hinged doors and gates: 5 pounds (22.2 N) maximum.

2.      Sliding or folding doors: 5 pounds (22.2 N) maximum.

3.      Required fire doors: the minimum opening force allowable by the appropriate administrative authority, not to exceed 15 pounds (66.7 N).

4.      Exterior hinged doors: 5 pounds (22.2 N) maximum.

These forces do not apply to the force required to retract latch bolts or disengage other devices that hold the door or gate in a closed position.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 404.2.9 Door and Gate Opening Force.  The maximum force pertains to the continuous application of force necessary to fully open a door, not the initial force needed to overcome the inertia of the door. It does not apply to the force required to retract bolts or to disengage other devices used to keep the door in a closed position

Exceptions:

1.      Exterior doors to machinery spaces including, but not limited to, elevator pits or elevator penthouses; mechanical, electrical or communications equipment rooms; piping or equipment catwalks; electric substations and transformer vaults; and highway and tunnel utility facilities.

2.      When, at a single location, one of every eight exterior door leafs, or fraction of eight, is a powered door, other exterior doors at the same location, serving the same interior space, may have a maximum opening force of 8.5 pounds (37.8 N). The powered leaf(s) shall be located closest to the accessible route.

a.      Powered doors shall comply with Section 11B-404.3. Powered doors shall be fully automatic doors complying with Builders Hardware Manufacturers’ Association (BHMA) A156.10 or low energy operated doors complying with BHMA A156.19.

b.      Powered doors serving a building or facility with an occupancy of 150 or more shall be provided with a back-up battery or back-up generator. The back-up power source shall be able to cycle the door a minimum of 100 cycles.

c.      Powered doors shall be controlled on both the interior and exterior sides of the doors by sensing devices, push plates, vertical actuation bars or other similar operating devices complying with Sections 11B-304 _|Turning Space|_, 11B-305 _|Clear Floor or Ground Space|_ and 11B-308 _|Reach Ranges|_.

At each location where push plates are provided there shall be two push plates; the centerline of one push plate shall be 7 inches (178 mm) minimum and 8 inches (203 mm) maximum above the floor or ground surface and the centerline of the second push plate shall be 30 inches (762 mm) minimum and 44 inches (1118 mm) maximum above the floor or ground surface. Each push plate shall be a minimum of 4 inches (102 mm) diameter or a minimum of 4 inches by 4 inches (102 mm by 102 mm) square and shall display the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with Section 11B-703.7.

At each location where vertical actuation bars are provided the operable portion shall be located so the bottom is 5 inches (127 mm) maximum above the floor or ground surface and the top is 35 inches (889 mm) minimum above the floor or ground surface. The operable portion of each vertical actuation bar shall be a minimum of 2 inches (51 mm) wide and shall display the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with Section 11B-703.7.

Where push plates, vertical actuation bars or other similar operating devices are provided, they shall be placed in a conspicuous location. A level and clear floor or ground space for forward or parallel approach complying with Section 11B-305 shall be provided, centered on the operating device. Doors shall not swing into the required clear floor or ground space.

d.      Signage identifying the accessible entrance required by Section 11B-216.6 shall be placed on, or immediately adjacent to, each powered door. Signage shall be provided in compliance with BHMA A156.10 or BHMA 156.19, as applicable.

e.      In addition to the requirements of Item d, where a powered door is provided in buildings or facilities containing assembly occupancies of 300 or more, a sign displaying the International Symbol of Accessibility measuring 6 inches by 6 inches (152 mm by 152 mm), complying with Section 11B-703.7, shall be provided above the door on both the interior and exterior sides of each powered door.

ETA Editor's Note

The 2013 CBC limitation for opening force at non-rated exterior doors is more stringent than 2010 ADAS, and can be difficult to meet without a powered device at exterior doors exposed to wind, or leading from spaces that operate at negative pressure with respect to the exterior environment.  That is the principle reason for the preceding Exceptions to 11B-404.2.9 that do not appear in 2010 ADAS.

11B-404.2.10 Door and gate surfaces.

Swinging door and gate surfaces within 10 inches (254 mm) of the finish floor or ground measured vertically shall have a smooth surface on the push side extending the full width of the door or gate. Parts creating horizontal or vertical joints in these surfaces shall be within 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) of the same plane as the other and be free of sharp or abrasive edges. Cavities created by added kick plates shall be capped.

Exceptions:

1.      Sliding doors shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-404.2.10.

2.      Tempered glass doors without stiles and having a bottom rail or shoe with the top leading edge tapered at 60 degrees minimum from the horizontal shall not be required to meet the 10 inch (254 mm) bottom smooth surface height requirement.

3.      Doors and gates that do not extend to within 10 inches (254 mm) of the finish floor or ground shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-404.2.10.

4.      Reserved.

[2010 ADAS] 4.  Existing doors and gates without smooth surfaces within 10 inches (255 mm) of the finish floor or ground shall not be required to provide smooth surfaces complying with 404.2.10 provided that if added kick plates are installed, cavities created by such kick plates are capped.

ETA Editor's Note

Lacking Exception 4 at 11B-404.2.10, 2013 CBC is more stringent at existing doors than 2010 ADAS.

11B-404.2.11 Vision lights.

Doors, gates, and side lights adjacent to doors or gates, containing one or more glazing panels that permit viewing through the panels shall have the bottom of at least one glazed panel located 43 inches (1092 mm) maximum above the finish floor.

Exception:  Glazing panels with the lowest part more than 66 inches (1676 mm) from the finish floor or ground shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-404.2.11.

ETA Editor's Note

The vision light requirement of 2013 CBC 11B-404.2.11 is new, derived from 2010 ADAS 404.2.11.  An existing door with a noncompliant vision light is a Safe Harbored element for path of travel and barrier removal purposes, but will have to comply when the door is replaced, and may not be relocated elsewhere on an accessible route.

11B-404.3 Automatic and power-assisted doors and gates.

 Automatic doors and automatic gates shall comply with Section 11B-404.3. Full-powered automatic doors shall comply with ANSI/BHMA A156.10 . Low-energy and power-assisted doors shall comply with ANSI/BHMA A156.19. 

DSA icon
Advisory 11B-404.3 Automatic and power-assisted doors and gates.  Automatic and power-assisted doors are often used by designers to provide accessibility when door closer pressure would exceed the allowable opening force for interior or exterior doors.  Heavy doors  are difficult to open for persons using wheelchairs because holding the door open with one hand requires the user to let go of one wheel – not enough control remains to prevent the chair from twisting out of the intended direction.  An automatic door may be used as equivalent facilitation when it is technically infeasible to provide sufficient strike-side clearance for code compliance, but a power-assisted door may not. ◼

11B-404.3.1 Clear width.

Doorways shall provide a clear opening of 32 inches (813 mm) minimum in power-on and power-off mode. The minimum clear width for automatic door systems in a doorway shall provide a clear, unobstructed opening of 32 inches (813 mm) with one leaf positioned at an angle of 90 degrees from its closed position.

[2010 ADAS] 404.3.1 Clear Width.  Doorways shall provide a clear opening of 32 inches (815 mm) minimum in power-on and power-off mode. The minimum clear width for automatic door systems in a doorway shall be based on the clear opening provided by all leaves in the open position.

ETA Editor's Note

2013 CBC clear width requirement is more stringent at multi-leaf automatic and power-assisted doors than 2010 ADAS, since it must be provided by one door leaf.

11B-404.3.2 Maneuvering clearance.

Clearances at power-assisted doors and gates shall comply with Section 11B-404.2.4. Clearances at automatic doors and gates without standby power and serving an accessible means of egress shall comply with Section 11B-404.2.4.

Exception:  Where automatic doors and gates remain open in the power-off condition, compliance with Section 11B-404.2.4 shall not be required.

ETA Editor's Note

Implications of 11B-404.3.2:  Power-assist devices (ANSI/BHMA A156.19) cannot substitute for required door maneuvering clearances, even if standby power is provided.  Automatic door operators (ANSI/BHMA A156.10) can substitute for required door maneuvering clearances under one of the following conditions:  a)  standby power is provided;  or,  b)  the door or gate remains open during power failure or cessation.  See also DSA Advisory 11B-404.3.

11B-404.3.3 Thresholds.

Thresholds and changes in level at doorways shall comply with Section 11B-404.2.5.

11B-404.3.4 Doors in series and gates in series.

Doors in series and gates in series shall comply with Section 11B-404.2.6.

11B-404.3.5 Controls.

Manually operated controls shall comply with Section 11B-309. The clear floor space adjacent to the control shall be located beyond the arc of the door swing.

DSA icon
Advisory 11B-404.3.5 Controls.  Where push plates, vertical actuation bars or other similar operating devices are provided, they shall be placed in a conspicuous location.  A level and clear floor or ground space for forward or parallel approach complying with Section 11B-305 should be provided, centered on the operating device.  Doors should not swing into the required clear floor or ground space for the operating device. ◼

11B-404.3.6 Break out opening.

Where doors and gates without standby power are a part of a means of egress, the clear break out opening at swinging or sliding doors and gates shall be 32 inches (813 mm) minimum when operated in emergency mode.

Exception: Where manual swinging doors and gates comply with Section 11B-404.2 and serve the same means of egress compliance with Section 11B-404.3.6 shall not be required.

11B-404.3.7 Revolving doors, revolving gates, and turnstiles.

Revolving doors, revolving gates, and turnstiles shall not be part of an accessible route.

11B-405.1 General.

Ramps on accessible routes shall comply with Section 11B-405.

Exception:  In assembly areas, aisle ramps adjacent to seating and not serving elements required to be on an accessible route shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-405.

11B-405.2 Slope.

Ramp runs shall have a running slope not steeper than 1:12.

Exception:  Reserved.

[2010 ADAS] EXCEPTION:  In existing sites, buildings, and facilities, ramps shall be permitted to have running slopes steeper than 1:12 complying with Table 405.2 where such slopes are necessary due to space limitations.

Table 405.2 Maximum Ramp Slope and Rise for Existing Sites, Buildings, and Facilities

Slope1

Maximum Rise

Steeper than 1:10 but
not steeper than 1:8

3 inches (75 mm)

Steeper than 1:12 but
not steeper than 1:10

6 inches (150 mm)

1. A slope steeper than 1:8 is prohibited.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 405.2 Slope.  To accommodate the widest range of users, provide ramps with the least possible running slope and, wherever possible, accompany ramps with stairs for use by those individuals for whom distance presents a greater barrier than steps, e.g., people with heart disease or limited stamina.

ETA Editor's Note

Lacking the Exception at 11B-405.2, 2013 CBC is more stringent at existing ramps than 2010 ADAS.

11B-405.3 Cross slope.

Cross slope of ramp runs shall not be steeper than 1:48.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 405.3 Cross Slope.  Cross slope is the slope of the surface perpendicular to the direction of travel. Cross slope is measured the same way as slope is measured (i.e., the rise over the run).
DSA icon
Advisory 11B-405.3 Cross slope. Curved ramps are not prohibited by Chapter 11B; however, requirements for maximum slope and cross-slope cannot be exceeded. ◼
11B-405.4 Floor or ground surfaces.

Floor or ground surfaces of ramp runs shall comply with Section 11B-302. Changes in level other than the running slope and cross slope are not permitted on ramp runs.

11B-405.5 Clear width.

The clear width of a ramp run shall be 48 inches (1219 mm) minimum.

Exceptions:

1.      Within employee work areas, the required clear width of ramps that are a part of common use circulation paths shall be permitted to be decreased by work area equipment provided that the decrease is essential to the function of the work being performed.

2.      Handrails may project into the required clear width of the ramp at each side 3½ inches (89 mm) maximum at the handrail height.

3.      The clear width of ramps in residential uses serving an occupant load of fifty or less shall be 36 inches (914 mm) minimum between handrails.

[2010 ADAS] 405.5 Clear Width.  The clear width of a ramp run and, where handrails are provided, the clear width between handrails shall be 36 inches (915 mm) minimum.

EXCEPTION:  Within employee work areas, the required clear width of ramps that are a part of common use circulation paths shall be permitted to be decreased by work area equipment provided that the decrease is essential to the function of the work being performed.

ETA Editor's Note

2013 CBC is more stringent regarding ramp width than 2010 ADAS.

11B-405.6 Rise.

The rise for any ramp run shall be 30 inches (762 mm) maximum.

11B-405.7 Landings.

Ramps shall have landings at the top and the bottom of each ramp run. Landings shall comply with Section 11B-405.7.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 405.7 Landings.  Ramps that do not have level landings at changes in direction can create a compound slope that will not meet the requirements of this document. Circular or curved ramps continually change direction. Curvilinear ramps with small radii also can create compound cross slopes and cannot, by their nature, meet the requirements for accessible routes. A level landing is needed at the accessible door to permit maneuvering and simultaneously door operation.

 

Figure (a) shows in plan view a ramp with two landings, each 60 inches (1525 mm) long in the direction of the ramp run and as wide as the connecting ramp run.  Figure (b) shows a ramp that has two runs connected by a landing 60 by 60 inches (1525 by 1525 mm); each run is oriented at 90 degrees from the other run, which connect to an adjacent sides of the landing.

FIGURE 11B-405.7 ‡‡

RAMP LANDINGS

11B-405.7.1 Slope.

Landings shall comply with Section 11B-302. Changes in level are not permitted.

Exception:  Slopes not steeper than 1:48 shall be permitted.

11B-405.7.2 Width.

The landing clear width shall be at least as wide as the widest ramp run leading to the landing.

11B-405.7.2.1.

Top landings shall be 60 inches (1524 mm) wide minimum.

11B-405.7.3 Length.

The landing clear length shall be 60 inches (1524 mm) long minimum.

11B-405.7.3.1.

Bottom landings shall extend 72 inches (1829 mm) minimum in the direction of ramp run.

11B-405.7.4 Change in direction.

Ramps that change direction between runs at landings shall have a clear landing 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum by 72 inches (1829 mm) minimum in the direction of downward travel from the upper ramp run. 

[2010 ADAS] 405.7.4 Change in Direction.  Ramps that change direction between runs at landings shall have a clear landing 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum by 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum.

11B-405.7.5 Doorways.

Where doorways are located adjacent to a ramp landing, maneuvering clearances required by Sections 11B-404.2.4 and 11B-404.3.2 shall be permitted to overlap the required landing area. Doors, when fully open, shall not reduce the required ramp landing width by more than 3 inches (76 mm). Doors, in any position, shall not reduce the minimum dimension of the ramp landing to less than 42 inches (1067 mm).

[2010 ADAS] 405.7.5 Doorways.  Where doorways are located adjacent to a ramp landing, maneuvering clearances required by 404.2.4 and 404.3.2 shall be permitted to overlap the required landing area.

ETA Editor's Note

Since 2010 ADAS makes no distinction between top, bottom and intermediate landings, 2013 CBC is more stringent regarding ramp landings.  Also, 2013 CBC allows less encroachment of doors onto ramp landings.

11B-405.8 Handrails.

Ramp runs shall have handrails complying with Section 11B-505.

[2010 ADAS] 405.8 Handrails.  Ramp runs with a rise greater than 6 inches (150 mm) shall have handrails complying with 505.

Exceptions:

1.      Reserved.

2.      Reserved.

3.      Curb ramps do not require handrails.

4.      At door landings, handrails are not required on ramp runs less than 6 inches (152 mm) in rise or 72 inches (1829 mm) in length.

[2010 ADAS] EXCEPTION:  Within employee work areas, handrails shall not be required where ramps that are part of common use circulation paths are designed to permit the installation of handrails complying with 505. Ramps not subject to the exception to 405.5 shall be designed to maintain a 36 inch (915 mm) minimum clear width when handrails are installed.

ETA Editor's Note

Since 2013 CBC lacks the Exception at employee work areas, and since it requires handrails at short ramps that are not curb ramps, 2013 CBC is more stringent regarding ramp handrails than 2010 ADAS.

11B-405.9 Edge protection.

Edge protection complying with Section 11B-405.9.2 shall be provided on each side of ramp runs and at each side of ramp landings.

[2010 ADAS] 405.9 Edge Protection.  Edge protection complying with 405.9.1 or 405.9.2 shall be provided on each side of ramp runs and at each side of ramp landings.

Exceptions:

1.      Edge protection shall not be required on ramps that are not required to have handrails and have sides complying with Section 11B-406.2.2.

2.      Edge protection shall not be required on the sides of ramp landings serving an adjoining ramp run or stairway.

3.      Edge protection shall not be required on the sides of ramp landings having a vertical drop-off of ½ inch (12.7 mm) maximum within 10 inches (254 mm) horizontally of the minimum landing area specified in Section 11B-405.7.

11B-405.9.1 Reserved.

[2010 ADAS] 405.9.1 Extended Floor or Ground Surface.  The floor or ground surface of the ramp run or landing shall extend 12 inches (305 mm) minimum beyond the inside face of a handrail complying with 505.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 405.9.1 Extended Floor or Ground Surface.  The extended surface prevents wheelchair casters and crutch tips from slipping off the ramp surface.
11B-405.9.2 Curb or barrier.

A curb, 2 inches (51 mm) high minimum, or barrier shall be provided that prevents the passage of a 4 inch (102 mm) diameter sphere, where any portion of the sphere is within 4 inches (102 mm)  of the finish floor or ground surface.  To prevent wheel entrapment, the curb or barrier shall provide a continuous and uninterrupted barrier along the length of the ramp.

An elevation drawing shows a vertical clearance of less than 4 inches between the ramp surface and the bottom edge of a horizontal rail.

FIGURE 11B-405.9.2 ‡‡

CURB OR BARRIER EDGE PROTECTION

ETA Editor's Note

2013 CBC requires either a curb or a barrier for edge protection at ramps, and does not recognize the extended floor or ground surface also permitted by 2010 ADAS.

11B-405.10 Wet conditions.

Landings subject to wet conditions shall be designed to prevent the accumulation of water.

11B-406 Curb ramps, blended transitions and islands 

[2010 ADAS] 406 Curb Ramps

ETA Editor's Note

The differences between 2010 ADAS Section 406 and 2013 CBC Section 11B-406 are numerous, as indicated by the italicized text, which is used by DSA-AC to identify departures from ADA requirements.  The 2013 CBC requirements in this section are more stringent.  Parallel curb ramps and blended transitions, although permitted by 2010 ADAS, are not defined or given special attention.  Islands are addressed at 2010 ADAS 406.7, almost identical to 2013 CBC, except for detectable warnings.  See also U.S. Access Board's Note to Reader at Detectable Warnings.

11B-406.1 General.

Curb ramps, blended transitions and islands on accessible routes shall comply with Section 11B-406. Curb ramps may be perpendicular, parallel, or a combination of perpendicular and parallel.

[2010 ADAS] 406.1 General.  Curb Ramps on accessible routes shall comply with 406, 405.2 through 405.5, and 405.10.

11B-406.1.1 Perpendicular curb ramps.

 Perpendicular curb ramps shall comply with Section 11B-406.2.

11B-406.1.2 Parallel curb ramps.

 Parallel curb ramps shall comply with Section 11B-406.3.

11B-406.1.4 Islands.

Islands shall comply with Section 11B-406.6.

11B-406.2 Perpendicular Curb Ramps.

Perpendicular curb ramps shall comply with Sections 11B-406.2 and 11B-406.5.

11B-406.2.1 Slope.

Ramp runs shall have a running slope not steeper than 1:12.

11B-406.2.2 Sides of curb ramps.

Where provided, curb ramp flares shall not be steeper than 1:10.

In cross section, a curb ramp with a maximum slope of 1:12 adjoins a surface at the bottom that has a maximum counter slope of 1:20.

FIGURE 11B-406.2.2 ‡‡

SIDES OF CURB RAMPS

11B-406.3 Parallel curb ramps.

Parallel curb ramps shall comply with Sections 11B-406.3 and 11B-406.5.

11B-406.3.1 Slope.

The running slope of the curb ramp segments shall be in-line with the direction of sidewalk travel. Ramp runs shall have a running slope not steeper than 1:12.

11B-406.3.2 Turning space.

A turning space 48 inches (1219 mm) minimum by 48 inches (1219 mm) minimum shall be provided at the bottom of the curb ramp. The slope of the turning space in all directions shall be 1:48 maximum.

Line drawing of a parallel curb ramp that is 48" wide and a landing at the bottom, between the two runs of the curb ramp, that is 48" x 48"

FIGURE 11B-406.3.2 ‡‡

PARALLEL CURB RAMPS

11B-406.4 Blended transitions.

Blended transitions shall comply with Sections 11B-406.4 and 11B-406.5.

11B-406.4.1 Slope.

Blended transitions shall have a running slope not steeper than 1:20.

11B-406.5 Common requirements .

Curb ramps and blended transitions shall comply with Section 11B-406.5.

11B-406.5.1 Location.

Curb ramps and the flared sides of curb ramps shall be located so that they do not project into vehicular traffic lanes, parking spaces, or parking access aisles. Curb ramps at marked crossings shall be wholly contained within the markings, excluding any flared sides.

Exception:  Diagonal curb ramps shall comply with Section 11B-406.5.9.

11B-406.5.2 Width.

The clear width of curb ramp runs (excluding any flared sides), blended transitions, and turning spaces shall be 48 inches (1219 mm) minimum.

11B-406.5.3 Landings.

Landings shall be provided at the tops of curb ramps and blended transitions. The landing clear length shall be 48 inches (1219 mm) minimum. The landing clear width shall be at least as wide as the curb ramp, excluding any flared sides, or the blended transition leading to the landing. The slope of the landing in all directions shall be 1:48 maximum. 

Exception: Parallel curb ramps shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-406.5.3.

DSA icon
Advisory 11B-406.5.3 Landings.  A level landing, 48” deep and at least as wide as the curb ramp, is required at the top of a curb ramp.  The landing provides an area for users to exit the curb ramp and proceed along the walking surface at the top of the curb ramp.

Some designs have been proposed that reduce or omit the level top landing by providing a curb ramp with flared sides of 1:12 or less.  This design is not compliant with the building code and may result in a condition where a wheelchair user cannot safely turn and proceed along the intersecting walk.  Section 11B-403.5.1, Exception 3, requires walks and sidewalks to be 48” wide minimum; Section 11B-403.3 requires walks and sidewalks to have a cross-slope of 1:48 or less. In this example, reducing or omitting the top landing of the curb ramp may result in a substandard walk width and/or a walk with a cross-slope in excess of 1:48. ◼

Plan view of a perpendicular curb ramp with detectable warnings and a landing at least 48" deep at the top of the curb ramp

FIGURE 11B-406.5.3 ‡‡

LANDINGS AT THE TOP OF CURB RAMPS

11B-406.5.4 Floor or ground surfaces.

Floor or ground surfaces of curb ramps and blended transitions shall comply with Section 11B-405.4.

11B-406.5.5 Wet conditions.

Curb ramps and blended transitions shall comply with Section 11B-405.10.

11B-406.5.6 Grade breaks.

Grade breaks at the top and bottom of curb ramp runs shall be perpendicular to the direction of the ramp run. Grade breaks shall not be permitted on the surface of ramp runs and turning spaces. Surface slopes that meet at grade breaks shall be flush.

11B-406.5.7 Cross slope.

The cross slope of curb ramps and blended transitions shall be 1:48 maximum.

11B-406.5.8 Counter slope.

Counter slopes of adjoining gutters and road surfaces immediately adjacent to and within 24 inches (610 mm) of the curb ramp shall not be steeper than 1:20. The adjacent surfaces at transitions at curb ramps to walks, gutters, and streets shall be at the same level.

In cross section, a curb ramp with a maximum slope of 1:12 adjoins a surface at the bottom that has a maximum counter slope of 1:20

FIGURE 11B-406.5.8
COUNTER SLOPE OF SURFACES ADJACENT TO CURB RAMPS

11B-406.5.9 Clear space at diagonal curb ramps.

The bottom of diagonal curb ramps shall have a clear space 48 inches (1219 mm) minimum outside active traffic lanes of the roadway. Diagonal curb ramps provided at marked crossings shall provide the 48 inches (1219 mm) minimum clear space within the markings.

11B-406.5.10 Diagonal curb ramps.

Diagonal or corner type curb ramps with returned curbs or other well-defined edges shall have the edges parallel to the direction of pedestrian flow. Diagonal curb ramps with flared sides shall have a segment of curb 24 inches (610 mm) long minimum located on each side of the curb ramp and within the marked crossing.

A plan view of a diagonal curb ramp is shown at a marked crossing. A space 48 inches minimum, measured in the direction of the ramp run, is provided at the bottom of the ramp outside active traffic lanes and within the boundary of the marked pedestrian crossing. Sections of curb 24 inches minimum in length are shown beyond the flared sides and within the marked crossing.

FIGURE 11B-406.5.10 ‡‡

DIAGONAL OR CORNER TYPE CURB RAMPS

11B-406.5.12 Detectable warnings.

Curb ramps and blended transitions shall have detectable warnings complying with Section 11B-705.

U.S. Access Board's Note to Reader:

The Department of Transportation's ADA Standards require detectable warnings on curb ramps:

[ADA Title II - Public Transportation] 406.8 Detectable Warnings.  A curb ramp shall have a detectable warning complying with 705. The detectable warning shall extend the full width of the curb ramp (exclusive of flared sides) and shall extend either the full depth of the curb ramp or 24 inches (610 mm) deep minimum measured from the back of the curb on the ramp surface.

11B-406.6 Islands.

Raised islands in crossings shall be cut through level with the street or have curb ramps at both sides. The clear width of the accessible route at islands shall be 60 inches (1524 mm) wide minimum. Where curb ramps are provided, they shall comply with Section 11B-406. Landings complying with Section 11B-406.5.3 and the accessible route shall be permitted to overlap.  Islands shall have detectable warnings complying with Section 11B-705.

Figure (a) is a plan view of a raised pedestrian island with a walkway cut through at the same level as the street crossing. Figure (b) is a plan view of a raised pedestrian island between two traffic lanes. Aligned curb ramps with side flares slope down on each side. The level space between the top of both ramps is 48 inches long minimum. The width of both ramp runs is 36 inches.

FIGURE 11B-406.6 ‡‡

ISLANDS IN CROSSINGS

11B-407.1 General.

Elevators shall comply with Section 11B-407 and with ASME A17.1. They shall be passenger elevators as classified by ASME A17.1. Elevator operation shall be automatic.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 407.1 General.  The ADA and other Federal civil rights laws require that accessible features be maintained in working order so that they are accessible to and usable by those people they are intended to benefit. Building owners should note that the ASME Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators requires routine maintenance and inspections. Isolated or temporary interruptions in service due to maintenance or repairs may be unavoidable; however, failure to take prompt action to effect repairs could constitute a violation of Federal laws and these requirements.

DSA icon
Advisory 11B-407.1 General.  Elevator safety is regulated by the California Department of Occupational Safety and Health, Elevator Ride and Tramway Unit - see Title 8, California Code of Regulations for more information.

DSA regulates the usability of elevators and platform (wheelchair) lifts for persons with disabilities.  Accessibility scoping requirements for elevators and lifts are located in Sections 11B-206.6 and 11B-206.7; technical requirements are located in Sections 11B-407, 11B-408, 11B-409 and 11B-410. ◼

11B-407.1.1 Combined passenger and freight elevators.

When the only elevators provided for use by the public and employees are combination passenger and freight elevators, they shall comply with Section 11B-407 and with ASME A17.1.

11B-407.2 Elevator landing requirements.

Elevator landings shall comply with Section 11B-407.2.

11B-407.2.1 Call controls.

Where elevator call buttons or keypads are provided, they shall comply with Sections 11B-407.2.1 and 11B-309.4 _|Operation|_.

[2010 ADAS] 407.2.1 Call Controls.  Where elevator call buttons or keypads are provided, they shall comply with 407.2.1 and 309.4. Call buttons shall be raised or flush.

Exception: Reserved.

[2010 ADAS] EXCEPTION:  Existing elevators shall be permitted to have recessed call buttons.

11B-407.2.1.1 Height.

Call buttons and keypads shall be located within one of the reach ranges specified in Section 11B-308, measured to the centerline of the highest operable part.

Exception:  Reserved.

[2010 ADAS] EXCEPTION:  Existing call buttons and existing keypads shall be permitted to be located at 54 inches (1370 mm) maximum above the finish floor, measured to the centerline of the highest operable part.

11B-407.2.1.2 Size and shape.

Call buttons shall have square shoulders, be ¾ inch (19.1 mm) minimum in the smallest dimension and shall be raised 1/8 inch (3.2 mm) plus or minus 1/32 inch (0.8 mm) above the surrounding surface. The buttons shall be activated by a mechanical motion that is detectable.

[2010 ADAS] 407.2.1.2 Size.  Call buttons shall be ¾ inch (19 mm) minimum in the smallest dimension.

Exception:  Reserved.

[2010 ADAS] EXCEPTION:  Existing elevator call buttons shall not be required to comply with 407.2.1.2.

11B-407.2.1.3 Clear floor or ground space.

A clear floor or ground space complying with Section 11B-305 shall be provided at call controls.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 407.2.1.3 Clear Floor or Ground Space.  The clear floor or ground space required at elevator call buttons must remain free of obstructions including ashtrays, plants, and other decorative elements that prevent wheelchair users and others from reaching the call buttons. The height of the clear floor or ground space is considered to be a volume from the floor to 80 inches (2030 mm) above the floor. Recessed ashtrays should not be placed near elevator call buttons so that persons who are blind or visually impaired do not inadvertently contact them or their contents as they reach for the call buttons.

11B-407.2.1.4 Location.

The call button that designates the up direction shall be located above the call button that designates the down direction.

Exception:  Reserved.

[2010 ADAS] Advisory 407.2.1.4 Location Exception.  A destination-oriented elevator system provides lobby controls enabling passengers to select floor stops, lobby indicators designating which elevator to use, and a car indicator designating the floors at which the car will stop. Responding cars are programmed for maximum efficiency by reducing the number of stops any passenger experiences.

11B-407.2.1.5 Signals.

Call buttons shall have visible signals that will activate  when each call is registered and will extinguish when each call is answered. Call buttons shall be internally illuminated with a white light over the entire surface of the button.

[2010 ADAS] 407.2.1.5 Signals.  Call buttons shall have visible signals to indicate when each call is registered and when each call is answered.

Exceptions:

1.      Reserved.

2.      Reserved.

[2010 ADAS] 2.  Existing elevators shall not be required to comply with 407.2.1.5.

11B-407.2.1.6 Keypads.

Where keypads are provided, keypads shall be in a standard telephone keypad arrangement and shall comply with Section 11B-407.4.7.2.

ETA Editor's Note

Lacking certain Exceptions allowed by 2010 ADAS, and imposing additional requirements regarding call buttons, the preceding 2013 CBC requirements pertaining to elevator call controls are more stringent than 2010 ADAS.

11B-407.2.2 Hall signals.

Hall signals, including in-car signals, shall comply with Section 11B-407.2.2.

11B-407.2.2.1 Visible and audible signals.

A visible and audible signal shall be provided at each hoistway entrance to indicate which car is answering a call and the car’s direction of travel. Where in-car signals are provided, they shall be visible from the floor area adjacent to the hall call buttons.

Exceptions:

1.      Reserved.

2.      Reserved.

[2010 ADAS] 2.  In existing elevators, a signal indicating the direction of car travel shall not be required.

11B-407.2.2.2 Visible signals.

Visible signal fixtures shall be centered at 72 inches (1829 mm) minimum above the finish floor or ground. The visible signal elements shall be a minimum 2½ inches (64 mm) high by 2½ inches (64 mm) wide. Signals shall be visible from the floor area adjacent to the hall call button.

Exceptions:

1.      Reserved.

2.      Reserved.

[2010 ADAS] 2.  Existing elevators shall not be required to comply with 407.2.2.2

Visible signals are shown centered at 72 inches minimum above the floor ground. The individual “up” and “down” elements, one with circular elements, another with triangular elements, are 2 1/2 inches minimum measured along the vertical and horizontal centerlines of the element.

FIGURE 11B-407.2.2.2 ‡‡

VISIBLE HALL SIGNALS

11B-407.2.2.3 Audible signals.

Audible signals shall sound once for the up direction and twice for the down direction, or shall have verbal annunciators that indicate the direction of elevator car travel. Audible signals shall have a frequency of 1500 Hz maximum. Verbal annunciators shall have a frequency of 300 Hz minimum and 3000 Hz maximum. The audible signal and verbal annunciator shall be 10 dB minimum above ambient, but shall not exceed 80 dB, measured at the hall call button.

Exceptions:

1.      Reserved.

2.      Reserved.

[2010 ADAS] 2.  Existing elevators shall not be required to comply with the requirements for frequency and dB range of audible signals.

11B-407.2.2.4 Differentiation.

Reserved.

ETA Editor's Note

Lacking certain Exceptions allowed by 2010 ADAS, and imposing additional requirements regarding visible signals, the preceding 2013 CBC requirements pertaining to elevator hall signals are more stringent than 2010 ADAS.

11B-407.2.3 Hoistway signs.

Signs at elevator hoistways shall comply with Section 11B-407.2.3.

11B-407.2.3.1 Floor designation.

Floor designations complying with Sections 11B-703.2 and 11B-703.4.1 shall be provided on both jambs of elevator hoistway entrances. Floor designations shall be provided in both raised characters and braille. Raised characters shall be 2 inches (51 mm) high. A raised star, placed to the left of the floor designation, shall be provided on both jambs at the main entry level.  The outside diameter of the star shall be 2 inches (51 mm) and all points shall be of equal length. Raised characters, including the star, shall be white on a black background. Braille complying with Section 11B-703.3 shall be placed below the corresponding raised characters and the star. The Braille translation for the star shall be “MAIN”. Applied plates are acceptable if they are permanently fixed to the jamb.

[2010 ADAS] 407.2.3.1 Floor Designation.  Floor designations complying with 703.2 and 703.4.1 shall be provided on both jambs of elevator hoistway entrances. Floor designations shall be provided in both tactile characters and braille. Tactile characters shall be 2 inches (51 mm) high minimum. A tactile star shall be provided on both jambs at the main entry level.

An enlarged detail of a tactile floor designation is shown. The sign contains a star and the number 1 next to it which is 2 inches high; the braille equivalent is provided below each.

FIGURE 11B-407.2.3.1 ‡‡

FLOOR DESIGNATIONS ON JAMBS OF ELEVATOR HOISTWAY ENTRANCE

11B-407.2.3.2 Reserved.

 

ETA Editor's Note

Imposing additional requirements regarding characters and colors, the preceding 2013 CBC requirements pertaining to elevator hoistway signs are more stringent than 2010 ADAS.

11B-407.3 Elevator door requirements.

Hoistway and car doors shall comply with Section 11B-407.3.

11B-407.3.1 Type.

Elevator doors shall be the horizontal sliding type. Car gates shall be prohibited.

11B-407.3.2 Operation.

Elevator hoistway and car doors shall open and close automatically.

Exception:  Existing manually operated hoistway swing doors shall be permitted provided that they comply with Sections 11B-404.2.3 and 11B-404.2.9. Car door closing shall not be initiated until the hoistway door is closed.

11B-407.3.3 Reopening device.

Elevator doors shall be provided with a reopening device complying with Section 11B-407.3.3 that shall stop and reopen a car door and hoistway door automatically if the door becomes obstructed by an object or person.

Exception:  Existing elevators with manually operated doors shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-407.3.3.

11B-407.3.3.1 Height.

The device shall be activated by sensing an obstruction passing through the opening at 5 inches (127 mm) nominal and 29 inches (737 mm) nominal above the finish floor.

11B-407.3.3.2 Contact.

The device shall not require physical contact to be activated, although contact is permitted to occur before the door reverses.

11B-407.3.3.3 Duration.

Door reopening devices shall remain effective for 20 seconds minimum.

11B-407.3.4 Door and signal timing.

The minimum acceptable time from notification that a car is answering a call until the doors of that car start to close shall be calculated from the following equation:

T = D/(1.5 ft/s) or T = D/(457 mm/s) = 5 seconds minimum where T equals the total time in seconds and D equals the distance (in feet or millimeters) from the point in the lobby or corridor 60 inches (1524 mm) directly in front of the farthest call button controlling that car to the centerline of its hoistway door.

Exceptions:

1.      For cars with in-car lanterns, T shall be permitted to begin when the signal is visible from the point 60 inches (1524 mm) directly in front of the farthest hall call button and the audible signal is sounded.

2.      Reserved.

11B-407.3.5 Door delay.

Elevator doors shall remain fully open in response to a car call for 5 seconds minimum.

[2010 ADAS] 407.3.5 Door Delay.  Elevator doors shall remain fully open in response to a car call for 3 seconds minimum.

11B-407.3.6 Width.

The width of elevator doors shall comply with Table 11B-407.4.1.

Exception:  In existing elevators, a power-operated car door complying with Section 11B-404.2.3 shall be permitted.

11B-407.4 Elevator car requirements.

Elevator cars shall comply with Section 11B-407.4.

11B-407.4.1 Car dimensions.

Inside dimensions of elevator cars and clear width of elevator doors shall comply with Table 11B-407.4.1.

Exception:  In existing buildings, where existing shaft configuration prohibits strict compliance with Section 11B-407.4.1, existing  elevator car configurations that provide a clear floor area of 18 square feet (1.67 m2) minimum and also provide an inside clear depth 54 inches (1372 mm) minimum and a clear width 48 inches (1219 mm)  minimum shall be permitted.

[2010 ADAS] EXCEPTION:  Existing elevator car configurations that provide a clear floor area of 16 square feet (1.5 m2) minimum and also provide an inside clear depth 54 inches (1370 mm) minimum and a clear width 36 inches (915 mm) minimum shall be permitted.

ETA Editor's Note
 

The 2013 CBC Exception at 11B-407.4.1 is more stringent than that of 2010 ADAS regarding minimum car dimensions for existing elevators.

TABLE 11B-407.4.1   ELEVATOR CAR DIMENSIONS

 

MINIMUM DIMENSIONS

DOOR LOCATION

Door clear width

Inside car, side to side

Inside car, back wall to front return

Inside car, back wall to inside face of door

Centered

42 inches (1067 mm)

80 inches (2032 mm)

51 inches (1295 mm)

54 inches (1372 mm)

Side

(off-centered)

36 inches (914 mm)1

68 inches (1727 mm)

51 inches (1295 mm)

54 inches (1372 mm)

Any

36 inches (914 mm)1

54 inches (1372 mm)

80 inches (2032 mm)

80 inches (2032 mm)

Any

36 inches (914 mm)2

60 inches (1524 mm)2

60 inches (1524 mm)2

60 inches (1524 mm)2

1. A tolerance of minus 5/8 inch (15.9 mm) is permitted.

2. Other car configurations that provide a turning space complying with Section 11B-304 with the door closed shall be permitted.

Figure (a) shows an elevator car with a centered door. The door clear width is 42 inches minimum and the car width measured side to side is 80 inches minimum. The car depth is 51 inches minimum measured from the back wall to the front return, and 54 inches minimum measured from the back wall to the inside face of the door.
 
Figure (b) shows an elevator car with an off-centered door. The door clear width is 36 inches minimum and the car width measured side to side is 68 inches minimum.  The depth is 51 inches minimum measured from the back wall to the front return, and 54 inches minimum measured from the back wall to the inside face of the door.

FIGURE 11B-407.4.1 ‡‡

ELEVATOR CAR DIMENSIONS

 

Figure (c) shows a car with a clear door width of 36 inches minimum and the car width measured side to side is 54 inches minimum.  The car depth is 80 inches minimum measured from the back wall to the front return.
Figure (d) shows a car with a clear door width of 36 inches minimum and the car width measured side to side is 60 inches minimum. The car depth is 60 inches minimum measured from the back wall to the front return.

FIGURE 11B-407.4.1 ‡‡

ELEVATOR CAR DIMENSIONS

 

Figure (e) illustrates the exception for an existing elevator car configuration. The car depth is 54 inches minimum, the width is 39 inches minimum, and the clear floor area is 16 square feet minimum.

FIGURE 11B-407.4.1 ‡‡

ELEVATOR CAR DIMENSIONS

11B-407.4.2 Floor surfaces.

Floor surfaces in elevator cars shall comply with Section 11B-302 and 11B-303.

11B-407.4.3 Platform to hoistway clearance .

The clearance between the car platform sill and the edge of any hoistway landing shall be 1¼ inch (32 mm) maximum.

11B-407.4.4 Leveling.

Each car shall be equipped with a self-leveling feature that will automatically bring and maintain the car at floor landings within a tolerance of ½ inch (12.7 mm) under rated loading to zero loading conditions.

11B-407.4.5 Illumination.

The level of illumination at the car controls, platform, car threshold and car landing sill shall be 5 foot candles (54 lux) minimum.

11B-407.4.6 Elevator car controls.

Where provided, elevator car controls shall comply with Sections 11B-407.4.6 and 11B-309.4 _|Operation|_.

Exception:  In existing elevators, where a new car operating panel complying with Section 11B-407.4.6 is provided, existing car operating panels may remain operational and shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-407.4.6.

11B-407.4.6.1 Location.

Controls shall be located within one of the reach ranges specified in Section 11B-308.

Exceptions:

1.      Where the elevator panel serves more than 16 openings and a parallel approach is provided, buttons with floor designations shall be permitted to be 54 inches (1372 mm) maximum above the finish floor.

2.      In existing elevators, car control buttons with floor designations shall be permitted to be located 54 inches (1372 mm) maximum above the finish floor where a parallel approach is provided.

11B-407.4.6.2 Buttons.

Car control buttons with floor designations shall comply with Section 11B-407.4.6.2.

Exception:  Reserved.

[2010 ADAS] EXCEPTION:  In existing elevators, buttons shall be permitted to be recessed.

11B-407.4.6.2.1 Size and shape.

Buttons shall have square shoulders, be ¾ inch (19.1 mm) minimum in their smallest dimension and be raised 1/8 inch (3.2 mm) plus or minus 1/32 inch (0.8 mm) above the surrounding surface.

[2010 ADAS] 407.4.6.2.1 Size.  Buttons shall be ¾ inch (19 mm) minimum in their smallest dimension.

11B-407.4.6.2.2 Arrangement.

Buttons shall be arranged with numbers in ascending order. When two or more columns of buttons are provided they shall read from left to right.

11B-407.4.6.2.3 Illumination.

Car control buttons shall be illuminated.

11B-407.4.6.2.4 Operation.

Car control buttons shall be activated by a mechanical motion that is detectable.

11B-407.4.6.3 Keypads.

Car control keypads shall be in a standard telephone keypad arrangement and shall comply with Section 11B-407.4.7.2.

11B-407.4.6.4 Emergency controls.

Emergency controls shall comply with Section 11B-407.4.6.4.

11B-407.4.6.4.1 Height.

Emergency control buttons shall have their centerlines 35 inches (889 mm) minimum above the finish floor.

11B-407.4.6.4.2 Location.

Emergency controls, including the emergency alarm, shall be grouped at the bottom of the panel.

11B-407.4.7 Designations and indicators of car controls.

Designations and indicators of car controls shall comply with Section 11B-407.4.7.

Exception: In existing elevators, where a new car operating panel complying with Section 11B-407.4.7 is provided, existing car operating panels may remain operational and shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-407.4.7.

11B-407.4.7.1 Buttons .

Car control buttons shall comply with Section 11B-407.4.7.1.

11B-407.4.7.1.1 Type.

Control buttons shall be identified by raised characters or symbols, white on a black background, complying with Section 11B-703.2, and Braille complying with Section 11B-703.3.

[2010 ADAS] 407.4.7.1.1 Type.  Control buttons shall be identified by tactile Characters complying with 703.2.

11B-407.4.7.1.2 Location.

Raised  characters or symbols and Braille designations shall be placed immediately to the left of the control button to which the designations apply.

[2010 ADAS] EXCEPTION:  Where space on an existing car operating panel precludes tactile markings to the left of the controls, markings shall be placed as near to the control as possible.

11B-407.4.7.1.3 Symbols.

The control button for the emergency stop, alarm, door open, door close, main entry floor, and phone, shall be identified with raised symbols and Braille as shown in Table 11B-407.4.7.1.3.

TABLE 11B-407.4.7.1.3

ELEVATOR CONTROL BUTTON IDENTIFICATION

Control Button Tactile Symbol Braille Message
Emergency Stop
Emergency Stop

"ST"OP Three cells
"ST"OP Three cells
 
Alarm
Alarm

AL"AR"M Four cells
AL"AR"M Four cells
Door Open
Door Open

OP"EN" Three cells
OP"EN" Three cells
Door Close
Door Close

CLOSE Five cells
CLOSE Five cells
Main Entry Floor
Main Entry Floor

MA"IN" Three cells
MA"IN" Three cells
Phone
Phone

PH"ONE" Four cells
PH"ONE" Four cells

11B-407.4.7.1.4 Visible indicators .

Buttons with floor designations shall be provided with visible indicators to show that a call has been registered. The visible indication shall extinguish when the car arrives at the designated floor.

11B-407.4.7.1.5 Button spacing.

A minimum clear space of 3/8 inch (9.5 mm)  or other suitable means of separation shall be provided between rows of control buttons.

11B-407.4.7.2 Keypads.

Keypads shall be identified by characters complying with Section 11B-703.5 _|Signs; Visual Characters|_ and shall be centered on the corresponding keypad button. The number five key shall have a single raised dot. The dot shall be 0.118 inch (3 mm) to 0.120 inch (3.05 mm) base diameter and in other aspects comply with Table 11B-703.3.1 _|Braille Dimensions|_.

ETA Editor's Note

The preceding 2013 CBC requirements for elevator controls at 11B-407.4.6 and 11B-407.4.7 are more stringent than those of 2010 ADAS.

11B-407.4.8 Car position indicators.

Audible and visible car position indicators shall be provided in elevator cars.

11B-407.4.8.1 Visible indicators.

Visible indicators shall comply with Section 11B-407.4.8.1.

11B-407.4.8.1.1 Size.

Characters shall be ½ inch (12.7 mm) high minimum.

11B-407.4.8.1.2 Location.

Indicators shall be located above the car control panel or above the door.

11B-407.4.8.1.3 Floor arrival .

As the car passes a floor and when a car stops at a floor served by the elevator, the corresponding character shall illuminate.

Exception:  Reserved.

11B-407.4.8.2 Audible indicators.

Audible indicators shall comply with Section 11B-407.4.8.2.

11B-407.4.8.2.1 Signal type.

The signal shall be an automatic verbal annunciator which announces the floor at which the car is about to stop.

Exception: For elevators that have a rated speed of 200 feet per minute (1 m/s) or less, a non-verbal audible signal with a frequency of 1500 Hz maximum which sounds as the car passes or is about to stop at a floor served by the elevator shall be permitted.

11B-407.4.8.2.2 Signal level.

The verbal annunciator shall be 10 dB minimum above ambient, but shall not exceed 80 dB, measured at the annunciator.

11B-407.4.8.2.3 Frequency.

The verbal annunciator shall have a frequency of 300 Hz minimum to 3000 Hz maximum.

11B-407.4.9 Emergency communication.

Emergency two-way communication systems shall comply with Section 11B-308 _|Reach Ranges|_. Raised symbols or characters, white on a black background, and Braille shall be provided adjacent to the device and shall comply with Sections 11B-703.2 and 11B-703.3. Emergency two-way communication systems between the elevator and a point outside the hoistway shall comply with ASME A17.1.

[2010 ADAS] 407.4.9 Emergency Communication.  Emergency two-way communication systems shall comply with 308. Tactile symbols and Characters shall be provided adjacent to the device and shall comply with 703.2.

11B-407.4.10 Support rail.

Support rails shall be provided on at least one wall of the car.

DSA icon
Advisory 11B-407.4.10 Support rail. Support rails in elevator cabs are used in a different way than handrails along a walking surface such as a ramp or stairway.  Support rails in elevator cabs are required to comply with the requirements of this section, not the requirements for handrails on walking surfaces. ◼

11B-407.4.10.1 Location.

Clearance between support rails and adjacent surfaces shall be 1½ inches (38 mm) minimum. Top of support rails shall be 31 inches (787 mm) minimum to 33 inches (838 mm) maximum above the floor of the car. The ends of the support rail shall be 6 inches (152 mm)  maximum from adjacent walls.

11B-407.4.10.2 Surfaces.

Support rails shall be smooth and any surface adjacent to them shall be free of sharp or abrasive elements.

11B-407.4.10.3 Structural strength .

Allowable stresses shall not be exceeded for materials used when a vertical or horizontal force of 250 pounds (1112 N)  is applied at any point on the support rail, fastener, mounting device, or supporting structure.

ETA Editor's Note

There is no requirement for support rails inside elevator cars in 2010 ADAS.

11B-408.1 General.

Limited-use/limited-application elevators shall comply with Section 11B-408 and with ASME A17.1. They shall be passenger elevators as classified by ASME A17.1. Elevator operation shall be automatic.

dsa icon
Advisory 11B-408.1 General. Elevator safety is regulated by the California Department of Occupational Safety and Health, Elevator Ride and Tramway Unit - see Title 8, California Code of Regulations for more information.

DSA regulates the usability of elevators and platform (wheelchair) lifts for persons with disabilities.  Accessibility scoping requirements for elevators and lifts are located in Sections 11B-206.6 and 11B-206.7; technical requirements are located in Sections 11B-407, 11B-408, 11B-409 and 11B-410. ◼

11B-408.2 Elevator landings.

Landings serving limited-use/limited-application elevators shall comply with Section 11B-408.2.

11B-408.2.1 Call buttons.

Elevator call buttons and keypads shall comply with Section 11B-407.2.1.

11B-408.2.2 Hall signals.

Hall signals shall comply with Section 11B-407.2.2.

11B-408.2.3 Hoistway signs.

Signs at elevator hoistways shall comply with Section 11B-407.2.3.1.

11B-408.3 Elevator doors.

Elevator hoistway doors shall comply with Section 11B-408.3.

11B-408.3.1 Sliding doors .

Sliding hoistway and car doors shall comply with Sections 11B-407.3.1 through 11B-407.3.3 and 11B-408.4.1.

11B-408.3.2 Swinging doors.

Swinging hoistway doors shall open and close automatically and shall comply with Sections 11B-404, 11B-407.3.2 and 11B-408.3.2.

11B-408.3.2.1 Power operation.

Swinging doors shall be power-operated and shall comply with ANSI/BHMA A156.19.

11B-408.3.2.2 Duration.

Power-operated swinging doors shall remain open for 20 seconds minimum when activated.

11B-408.4 Elevator cars.

Elevator cars shall comply with Section 11B-408.4.

11B-408.4.1 Car dimensions and doors.

Elevator cars shall provide a clear width 42 inches (1067 mm) minimum and a clear depth 54 inches (1372 mm) minimum. Car doors shall be positioned at the narrow ends of cars and shall provide 32 inches (813 mm) minimum clear width.

Exceptions:

1.      Cars that provide a clear width 51 inches (1295 mm) minimum shall be permitted to provide a clear depth 51 inches (1295 mm) minimum provided that car doors provide a clear opening 36 inches (914 mm) wide minimum.

2.      Reserved.

[2010 ADAS] 2.  Existing elevator cars shall be permitted to provide a clear width 36 inches (915 mm) minimum, clear depth 54 inches (1370 mm) minimum, and a net clear platform area 15 square feet minimum.

ETA Editor's Note

Lacking Exception 2 above allowed by 2010 ADAS, the 2013 CBC requirements pertaining to car dimensions at existing limited-use/limited-application elevators are more stringent.

Figure (a) shows the configuration for new construction. The door clear width is 32 inches minimum and the car width measured side to side is 42 inches minimum. The car depth is 54 inches minimum.
Figure (b) illustrates Exception 1. The door width is 36 inches minimum and the car has a clear interior space 51 by 51 inches minimum.

FIGURE 11B-408.4.1 ‡‡

LIMITED-USE/LIMITED-APPLICATION (LULA) ELEVATOR CAR DIMENSIONS

Reserved - model code figure not applicable

FIGURE 11B-408.4.1 ‡‡

LIMITED-USE/LIMITED-APPLICATION (LULA) ELEVATOR CAR DIMENSIONS

11B-408.4.2 Floor surfaces.

Floor surfaces in elevator cars shall comply with Sections 11B-302 and 11B-303.

11B-408.4.3 Platform to hoistway clearance.

The platform to hoistway clearance shall comply with Section 11B-407.4.3.

11B-408.4.4 Leveling.

Elevator car leveling shall comply with Section 11B-407.4.4.

11B-408.4.5 Illumination.

Elevator car illumination shall comply with Section 11B-407.4.5.

11B-408.4.6 Car controls.

Elevator car controls shall comply with Section 11B-407.4.6. Control panels shall be centered on a side wall.

11B-408.4.7 Designations and indicators of car controls.

Designations and indicators of car controls shall comply with Section 11B-407.4.7.

11B-408.4.8 Emergency communications.

Car emergency signaling devices complying with Section 11B-407.4.9 shall be provided.

11B-409.1 General.

Private residence elevators that are provided within a residential dwelling unit required to provide mobility features complying with Sections 11B-809.2 through 11B-809.4 shall comply with Section 11B-409 and with ASME A17.1. They shall be passenger elevators as classified by ASME A17.1. Elevator operation shall be automatic.

DSA icon
Advisory 11B-409.1 General.  Elevator safety is regulated by the California Department of Occupational Safety and Health, Elevator Ride and Tramway Unit - see Title 8, California Code of Regulations for more information.
DSA regulates the usability of elevators and platform (wheelchair) lifts for persons with disabilities.  Accessibility scoping requirements for elevators and lifts are located in Sections 11B-206.6 and 11B-206.7; technical requirements are located in Sections 11B-407, 11B-408, 11B-409 and 11B-410. ◼
11B-409.2 Call buttons.

Call buttons shall be ¾ inch (19.1 mm) minimum in the smallest dimension and shall comply with Section 11B-309 _|Operable Parts|_.

11B-409.3 Elevator doors.

Hoistway doors, car doors, and car gates shall comply with Sections 11B-409.3 and 11B-404.

Exception: Doors shall not be required to comply with the maneuvering clearance requirements in Section 11B-404.2.4.1 for approaches to the push side of swinging doors.

11B-409.3.1 Power operation.

Elevator car and hoistway doors and gates shall be power operated and shall comply with ANSI/BHMA A156.19. Power operated doors and gates shall remain open for 20 seconds minimum when activated.

Exception:  In elevator cars with more than one opening, hoistway doors and gates shall be permitted to be of the manual-open, self-close type.

11B-409.3.2 Location.

Elevator car doors or gates shall be positioned at the narrow end of the clear floor spaces required by Section 11B-409.4.1.

11B-409.4 Elevator cars.

Private residence elevator cars shall comply with Section 11B-409.4.

11B-409.4.1 Inside dimensions of elevator cars.

Elevator cars shall provide a clear floor space of 36 inches (914 mm) minimum by 48 inches (1219 mm) minimum and shall comply with Section 11B-305.

11B-409.4.2 Floor surfaces.

Floor surfaces in elevator cars shall comply with Sections 11B-302 and 11B-303.

11B-409.4.3 Platform to hoistway clearance.

The clearance between the car platform and the edge of any landing sill shall be 1½ inch (38 mm) maximum.

11B-409.4.4 Leveling.

Each car shall automatically stop at a floor landing within a tolerance of ½ inch (12.7 mm) under rated loading to zero loading conditions.