1011 Outdoor Constructed Features
Advisory 1011.1 General. The requirements in 1011 apply to outdoor constructed features provided within camping facilities, picnic facilities, viewing areas, and trailheads or on trails.
A clear ground space complying with 1011.2 shall be provided at outdoor constructed features.
The size and location of the clear ground space shall be in accordance with Table 1011.2.1. Unless otherwise specified in Table 1011.2.1, one full unobstructed side of the clear ground space shall adjoin or overlap an outdoor recreation access route or a trail, as applicable, or another clear ground space.
|Table 1011.2.1 Clear Ground Space|
|Outdoor Constructed Feature||
Minimum Size and Location
|Picnic tables||36 inches (915 mm) on all usable sides of the table measured from the back edge of the benches|
Fire rings, grills, fireplaces, and woodstoves
48 inches (1220 mm) by 48 inches (1220 mm) on all usable sides of the fire ring, grill, fireplace, and woodstove
Center the space on each usable side of the grill, fireplace, and woodstove
|Trash and recycling receptacles||36 inches (915 mm) by 48 inches (1220 mm) positioned for forward approach to the receptacle opening; or 30 inches (760 mm) by 60 inches (1525 mm) positioned for a parallel approach to the receptacle opening|
72 inches (1830 mm) by 48 inches (1220 mm) with the long side of the space adjoining or overlapping an outdoor recreation access route or trail, as applicable, or another clear ground space
Locate the space so that the water spout is 11 inches (280 mm) minimum and 12 inches (305 mm) maximum from the rear center of the long side of the space
Utility and sewage hookups
30 inches (760 mm) by 60 inches (1525 mm) with the long side of the space adjoining or overlapping an accessible parking space or pull-up space for recreational vehicles
Locate the space so that the hook-ups are at the rear center of the space
Bollards or other barriers shall not obstruct the clear ground space in front of the hook-ups
Outdoor rinsing showers
60 inches (1525 mm) by 60 inches (1525 mm) centered on the shower heads
Locate the space so that the shower pedestal or wall with the shower head are at the rear end of the space
36 inches (915 mm) by 48 inches (1220 mm) positioned near the bench with one side of the space adjoining an outdoor recreation access route or trail, as applicable
The clear ground space shall not overlap the outdoor recreation access route or trail, or another clear ground space
36 inches (915 mm) by 48 inches (1220 mm) positioned for forward approach to the viewing scope
Provide knee and toe clearance complying with 306 under the viewing scope
Locate the space so that the eyepiece is centered on the space
Advisory 1011.2.1 Size and Location. The usable sides of picnic tables, fire rings, grills, fireplaces, and woodstoves are the sides of the outdoor constructed feature that can be used for eating or serving food, building a fire, or cooking. All sides of picnic tables are generally usable, unless the picnic table is placed against a rock or tree that renders the side against the rock or tree not usable. All sides of fire rings and grills are generally usable, unless there is a wall or other structure on a side that renders the side not usable. The front sides of fireplaces and woodstoves are generally the usable side.
The surface of the clear ground space shall be firm and stable.
The slope of the clear ground space surface shall not be steeper than 1:48 in any direction.
EXCEPTION: Where the surface is other than asphalt, concrete, or boards, slopes not steeper than 1:20 shall be permitted when necessary for drainage.
Openings in the clear ground space surface shall not allow the passage of a sphere more than 1/2 inch (13 mm) in diameter.
Advisory 1011.2.4 Openings. Where possible, drainage grates should be located outside of the clear ground space surface. Elongated openings should be placed so that the long dimension is perpendicular, or as close to perpendicular as possible, to the dominant direction of travel.
EXCEPTIONS: 1. Fire rings, grills, fireplaces, wood stoves, water hydrants, and water utility hookups shall comply with 309.4 to the extent practicable.
2. Trash and recycling receptacles with hinged lids and controls to keep out large animals shall comply with 309.4 to the extent practicable.
Picnic tables shall comply with 1011.4.
Picnic tables shall provide at least one wheelchair space for each 24 linear feet (7320 mm) of usable table surface perimeter. Wheelchair spaces shall be 30 inches (760 mm) minimum by 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum. Wheelchair spaces shall be positioned for a forward approach to the table and provide knee and toe clearance complying with 306 under the table.
Fire rings, grills, fireplaces, and wood stoves shall comply with 1011.5.
Advisory 1011.5 Fire Rings, Grills, Fireplaces, and Wood Stoves. Fire rings with double walls or insulation on the sides are recommended to prevent burns.
Fire building surfaces shall be 9 inches (230 mm) minimum above the ground.
Where provided, cooking surfaces shall be 15 inches (380 mm) minimum and 34 inches (865 mm) maximum above the ground.
Where fire rings, grills, or fireplaces are constructed with raised edges or walls, the depth of the raised edge or wall shall be 10 inches (255 mm) maximum.
Water spouts at water hydrants and water utility hook-ups shall be 28 inches (710 mm) minimum and 36 inches (915 mm) maximum above the ground.
Outdoor rinsing showers shall provide at least one hand-held shower spray unit with a hose 59 inches (1500 mm) long minimum. The hand-held shower spray unit shall have at least one fixed position located 15 inches minimum (380 mm) and 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum above the ground.
EXCEPTION: Where vandalism is a consideration, a fixed shower head located at 48 in (1220 mm) above the ground shall be permitted in place of a hand-held shower spray unit.
Eyepieces on viewing scopes shall be 43 inches (1090 mm) minimum and 51 inches (1295 mm) maximum above the ground.
- Federal Documents (4)
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- Preamble to Guidelines (2)
- State and Local Documents (10)
- Guidelines (10)
- 36 CFR Part 1191 ABA Accessibility Guidelines, Outdoor Developed Areas (3)
- 2013 Forest Service Outdoor Recreation Accessibility Guidelines (FSORAG) (2)
- 2013 Forest Service Trail Accessibility Guidelines (FSTAG) (1)
- Outdoor Developed Areas: A Summary of Accessibility Standards for Federal Outdoor Developed Areas (4)
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