2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Design Pocket Guide
1008.4 Play Components.
Ground level play components on accessible routes and elevated play components connected by ramps shall comply with 1008.4.
At least one turning space complying with 304 shall be provided on the same level as play components. Where swings are provided, the turning space shall be located immediately adjacent to the swing.
Advisory 1008.4.2 Clear Floor or Ground Space. Clear floor or ground spaces, turning spaces, and accessible routes are permitted to overlap within play areas. A specific location has not been designated for the clear floor or ground spaces or turning spaces, except swings, because each play component may require that the spaces be placed in a unique location. Where play components include a seat or entry point, designs that provide for an unobstructed transfer from a wheelchair or other mobility device are recommended. This will enhance the ability of children with disabilities to independently use the play component.
When designing play components with manipulative or interactive features, consider appropriate reach ranges for children seated in wheelchairs. The following table provides guidance on reach ranges for children seated in wheelchairs. These dimensions apply to either forward or side reaches. The reach ranges are appropriate for use with those play components that children seated in wheelchairs may access and reach. Where transfer systems provide access to elevated play components, the reach ranges are not appropriate.
|Children's Reach Ranges|
|Forward or Side Reach||Ages 3 and 4||Ages 5 through 8||Ages 9 through 12|
|High (maximum)||36 in (915 mm)||40 in (1015 mm)||44 in (1120 mm)|
|Low (minimum)||20 in (510 mm)||18 in (455 mm)||16 in (405 mm)|
Where play tables are provided, knee clearance 24 inches (610 mm) high minimum, 17 inches deep (430 mm) minimum, and 30 inches (760 mm) wide minimum shall be provided. The tops of rims, curbs, or other obstructions shall be 31 inches (785 mm) high maximum.
EXCEPTION: Play tables designed and constructed primarily for children 5 years and younger shall not be required to provide knee clearance where the clear floor or ground space required by 1008.4.2 is arranged for a parallel approach.
Where play components require transfer to entry points or seats, the entry points or seats shall be 11 inches (280 mm) minimum and 24 inches (610 mm) maximum from the clear floor or ground space.
EXCEPTION: Entry points of slides shall not be required to comply with 1008.4.4.
Where play components require transfer to entry points or seats, at least one means of support for transferring shall be provided.