Side Approach and Reach
Clear Floor Space [§309.2]
Clear floor space can be oriented for a side approach instead of a forward approach at most operable parts. Nominal centering of the space on operable portions of elements is advisable, but not required (except at washers and dryers).
Clear Floor Space
Additional clearance is required if the space is obstructed on three sides for more than half the depth to allow easier maneuvering into the space.
Side Reach [§308.3]
The range for side reach, like forward reach is 15” to 48” if unobstructed. The maximum reach depth for this range is 10” measured from the available clear floor space.
The operable parts of fuel dispensers located on existing curbs can be up to 54” high.
The maximum high reach is reduced to 46” when the reach over an obstruction is deeper than 10” (to a maximum of 24”). Obstructions at side reaches are limited to a height of 34”.
Elements located in corners can be difficult to reach from a side approach.
Recommendation: Where a side reach is provided, locate elements away from corners in consideration of the typical reach radius.
The standards include advisory (non-mandatory) reach ranges based on children’s dimensions that can be followed when operable parts are designed for use by children. This guidance provides reach ranges recommended according to three age groups.
- Federal Documents (1)
- Corada Voices (3)
- Drawings and Possible Solutions (5)
- CAD/BIM Details (5)
- Figure 305.5 Position of Clear Floor or Ground Space – Drawing from the U.S. Access Board
- Figure 308.3.1 Unobstructed Side Reach – Drawing from the U.S. Access Board
- Figure 305.7.2 Maneuvering Clearance in an Alcove, Parallel Approach – Drawing from the U.S. Access Board
- Figure 308.3.2 Obstructed High Side Reach – Drawing from the U.S. Access Board
- Figure 704.2.1.1 Parallel Approach to Telephone – Drawing from the U.S. Access Board
- CAD/BIM Details (5)
- Webinars, Videos, and Training (10)
- How to Measure (2)
- Official Technical Assistance (7)
- Spirit of the ADA (1)
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